State and Local Government Comparisons Matrix

Legal DocumentsState Archives also has responsibility to review, approve, dispose or transfer any legal documents that are no longer in need of by the agency. Provides necessary training for managing legal documents and provides technical assistance for state agencies. Legal documents contain information used to sustain communication, support decision making, confirm entitlement and ensure accountability.

The State government has a responsibility to manage records and serve the best interest of the public (Saffell, D, 2010.). Promote and support a program for the well controlled and organize system for legal documents. Including the identification and appropriate administration of records. Coordinate legal disposition and destruction of obsolete records. Each local government has one office that is designated as records management officer (Saffell, D, 2010.)

MandatesImpose cost on local government but do not provide state funding for compliance. Review process for the Education Department and Judiciary (Saffell, D, 2010.) Inadequate funding and underfunded mandates requirement placed on counties as they manage county jails and probation programs. Have procurement authority and flexibility allowing purchases from federal, state and local government (Saffell, D, 2010.) Political Parties“Political Parties are important to democratic societies because they help to link citizen to their government.

Political parties perform key tasks in a democratic and republican society, such as aggregating and articulating needs and problems as identified by members and supporters. Socializing, educating voters and citizens on how the political and electoral systems function. Prepare forces for action. Organize the citizen to participate in political decisions and activate and mobilizing citizens into participating in political decisions and alter their opinions into practical policy. Train and recruit for public office” (Watete, M, 2010.)

“Bringing people together to achieve a common goal within the government. Performs an important task in the government. Volunteers service on party committees, distribute campaign literature and conduct meetings” (Watete, M, 2010.) Interest Groups“Interest groups are important to democratic and republican societies because they help to link citizen to their government. They have their own lobbyist or hire one that may have an effective way to influence. Interest groups find that having their views to legislators in hope of having favorable policies” (Saffell, D, 2009.)“Primarily reflect business and economic interest, along with neighborhood and good-government interest”.

(Saffell, D, 2009.) Elections and Voting“Mid-term, partisan election in most states. Voting turn-out is between 40-59% ranges. Voter participation provides output for elections” (Saffell, D, 2009.)Elections, usually non-partisan; held at a variety of different times and locations. Voter turnout usually under 30% (Saffell, D., 2009.) Legislative Term Limits“Sixteen states still the legislative term limits. Term limits usually were proposed through the initiative process, requiring voter initiation approval as amendment to the state constitution and is assumed by 1/3 of the state” (Saffell, D, 2009.).

Have not been adopted; used but less than ten percent of city councils (Saffell, D, 2009.) AdministrationGovernors are limited by civil service rules and by public unions (Saffell, D, 2009.).Mayors are limited by civil service rules by public unions. Urban bureaucracy and personnel practices; applies to both state and local government (Saffell, D, 2009.) Correctional FacilitiesCorrectional facilities such as the Prison institute are for convicted felons. Maximum security is provided at state prisons. In addition, the prison provides meals, health care and medication (Saffell, D, 2009.).

County jails house those arrested and awaiting trial or convicted offenders serving short-term sentences (Saffell, D, 2009.) Education“Establishes policies for educations. Make policies for the responsibilities of governors and legislatures. Executive branch and is responsible for the general supervision of elementary and secondary education within the state. State boards of education appoint the state school superintendent; however the governor can appoint he/she or voters can elect “(Saffell, D, 2009.)

“Make necessary decisions concerning the operations of public schools. School board can charge taxes, usually with voter’s approval, provide funding, and hire a teachers and a superintendent. Administer operations of schools within its district”. (Saffell, D, 2009.) Welfare“Expanded policy role under federal government’s Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) program. State programs are financed by tax payers and the state provides funding for the local government.” (Saffell, D, 2009.) Administer welfare programs. Public assistance to the poor: food stamps, Medicaid and Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC.) (Saffell, D, 2009.)

References

Saffell, D. and Basehart, H. (2009). State and Local Government. Retrieved on September 4, 2010 from http://www.juvjus.state.nc.us/resources/pdf_documents/jj_process_diagram.pdf. McGraw Hill Company. Watete, M.I, (2010). ‘’Can Political Parties Africa Contribute toward National Peace Building”? Retrieved on September 4, 2010 from http://www.taylorinafrica.org