The legal justification of a case in court is attributed to a clear and effective method of police investigation. This paper specifically presented the key standard operating procedure to be carried-out before, during and after the forensic investigation. By doing so, the paper ultimately affirmed the need and importance of adhering to such forensic process that will ultimately make a police-investigated case defensible in court.
The Standard Operation Procedure of Forensic Investigation The process of forensic investigation, as a branch of the criminal justice system, is a modern and challenging field nowadays. As such, the principles and practices of forensic investigation similarly require for an effective and most importantly, legally-defensible process. In particular, the standard operating procedures of forensic investigation need to be justifiable and solid in order for cases to stand in court.
Since forensic investigation process is a function distinct to law enforcement, the police force and other related authorities are necessary to have established standard operating procedures in the conduct of forensic investigation. This is because without such, the case is being risked of not able to be valid during court proceedings. It is essential for the forensic process to be efficient so that it can be defended in court and ultimately proceed to live evidence handling, manipulation and reporting.
It is through such circumstances therefore that that the creation of the standard operating procedure is indeed important to be successfully carried-out before, during and after the forensic investigation. To better understand the nature and effects of forensic crime investigation process, it is practical to have an overview of what the term forensics means. According to Wilson (2008), today’s manifestations of advancement in technology as well as mass communication or media play a significant role in the recognition of the field of forensics.
In particular, the nature and discipline of forensics refer or relate to different undertakings. These endeavors include “dentistry, accounting, art, psychiatry and a number more of related and even never before deemed categories. Additionally, forensics comprises everything that is scientific in nature and since it is of concerns to the structure of criminal justice, particularly the court; its standard operating procedure involves crime investigation (Wilson, 2008).
While the Wilson material specifically presented forensic process concerning land border and title inspection, the process of forensic crime investigation likewise entails detectable and critical as well as correct and comprehensive method. This is based from the underlying principle that such process will enable the case to be legally-reasonable and defensible in court. The standard operating procedure is established at the onset, all through and following the forensic crime investigation.
By having such kind of approach, not only are the authorities but the fields of law enforcement and court as well are provided with an effective and justified method. Thereafter, the forensic investigation process will be tested as the lawsuit is expected to face a grueling court procedure that will determine and prove its efficiency. The created process of forensic crime investigation is based from the online source, Crime Scene Forensics. The said related Web Site presented the key standard operation procedures to be carried out before, during and after the forensics investigation.
In general, the source stated that good and effective forensic investigation is complemented by several scientific and medical techniques such as “DNA analysis, latent print development, microscopic comparisons and other related and useful methods of investigation (“The Reality of Forensic Science and Good Crime Scene Investigations,” n. d. ). Additionally, Crime Scene Forensics specified that the process entail the collection, study and documentation of fingerprints, blood stains and accident restorations as well as the use of advance technology and digital imaging.
The said elements will be built and demonstrated as pieces of evidence for the court to determine and decide on since they are supposed to surely support and intensify a case before a court proceeding (“The Reality of Forensic Science and Good Crime Scene Investigations,” n. d. ). Citing further the site, the establishment of the standard operating procedure will be carried out accordingly. At the onset or before the forensic investigation, there is a need to make appropriate and vital observations of the whole scenario that includes the crime scene and other relevant circumstances.
Such undertaking is important in order to create a correct perception of the case and eventually determine the next step of the process which is the feasible way of documentation (“The Reality of Forensic Science and Good Crime Scene Investigations,” n. d. ). Subsequently, it is essential to correctly document or record the observations done before the forensic investigation. During this middle process is equally significant because this is where and when the observations and proofs are properly collected and accounted for.
Without such, a forensic investigator will definitely unable to proceed to the next process which culminates the whole standard operation procedure in time for the case to be referred or forwarded to the judicial branch (“The Reality of Forensic Science and Good Crime Scene Investigations,” n. d. ). The process to be done after the forensic investigation at the crime scene requires the restoration and most importantly, interpretation or analysis of the observations and pieces of evidence. It is in this aspect that the opinions and advices or experts are taken into consideration.
By doing such, the forensic investigator aims to come up and eventually work out vital information and circumstances relating to the crime such as the manner how the crime was performed and ultimately the motive of the suspect. It must be remembered that if the first two steps were not properly done, the case could not be legally justified. Hence, if the forensic investigator failed to make correct observations, properly document such observations and appropriately interpret the observations and proofs through the help of experts; the effectiveness of the entire forensic investigation process becomes useless.
Ultimately, the case is jeopardized since it will not be defensible in court thus the need to strictly follow the standard operating procedure to be done before, during and after the forensic investigation. References Crime Scene Forensics. (n. d. ). The Reality of Forensic Science and Good Crime Scene Investigations. Retrieved April 17, 2009, from http://www. crimescene-forensics. com/ Wilson, D. A (2008). Forensic Procedures for Boundary and Title Investigation. New Jersey: John Wiley & Sons.