The Societal Implication of Abolishing Juvenile Court

Trying to control organized crime is obviously much easier to say than done. In the past hundred years, the development of organized crime has changed, as well the efforts of controlling it. By looking at the past crime families such as, the Sicilian Mafia, place them in retrospect of them being pledge in the most famous game of chess. Today, these old families may not be considered a big threat anymore, and definitely do not represent any fear in any of their neighborhoods (Lyman, Potter, 2007).

In some way is believed that organized crime can originate from ones background, environment or location, type of personnel, and the number of individuals involved. Therefore, there have been many theories and principles used in every attempt to combat organized crime (Lyman, Potter, 2007). * As a modern society, organized crime has legitimate and illegal enterprises, considered in most cases a social institution. Leadership, because defined roles, and chains of command.

As a social institution, organized crime can be seen from a variety of viewpoints, in many cases criminal justice professionals tend to look at crime under one all encompassing umbrella defined as “bad” (Morselli & Giguere, 2006). By comparing at the various structural similarities to other social organizations one can better interpret the movement and actions regardless of legality of what is committed as a result. Organized crime capitalized on market voids and profits from services of regular consumers (Lyman, Potter, 2007).

What should be noted is that much of organized crimes are based solely in areas that are seen as morally inconceivable to a section of society that will then pass morally based laws against. Organized crime is now a diverse problem that reaches beyond traditional activities, such as contraband of illegal drugs, prostitution, human trafficking, firearms, and gambling (Mallory, S. (2007). There are two widely accepted types of social institutions that characterized organized crime; first there is the patron-client relationship n which the leader of the organized crime family builds reliance on themselves and the family for many aspects of normal life in society.

On the other hand, there is the bureaucratic model of organized crime, in this model there is a definitive structure and hierarchy with employs people through various means both legal and illegally and as a result spread the risk to itself out through the organizations itself (Mallory, 2007). There are various theories associated with of why organized crime exists, the Social Control Theory for example, says that community, family, and the bond with society prevents or encourages entry into life of crime.

It states, “Fear of punishment, shame or embarrassment, and psychological restrains such as conscience (described as the “super ego” by Freudian Theory) are a few reasons why not everyone who has the opportunity will engage in criminal activity. ” (Mallory, 2007). It is this theory in were this writer believes is the one closely associated with organized crime, in many cases true organized crimes is based around familial or societal connections and their view of society that surrounds them.

Several problems are presented and the various relationships established by organized crime, some analyst argue rather than focus on the members of organized crime groups such as Mexican Cartels that are destroying the country; and have became the object of political attention, it is necessary to focus on the environment within which the business that comprise organized crime operate. Organized crime required market rather than law enforcement interventions (Controlling organized crime, n. d. ).

Therefore, one strategy that will require efforts will be the money laundering. Since the 1980’s and 1990’s, organized crime have created this profit from the drug trade, and has facilitated the relationship between organized crime groups and some government of states groups for which money is an important source of revenue. Hence, some laws and policies that take the profits away from offenders by seizing or freezing assets derived from organized crimes. In the United States, money laundering prosecutions rose from 400 percent between 1991 and 1993.

Hence, effective policies will required of international cooperation that not always be achieved either because of differences in enforcement resources or political influence. Any of those strategies will depend on a long term commitment of undercover operations, stings, the use of informants, on which will face and require tremendous amount of ethical behavior (Controlling organized crime, n. d. ). The legal limitations associated with combating organized crime vary.

Legal limitations can affect law enforcement agencies ability to prosecute criminals and criminal organizations effectively as a result of many hiccups that exist within the legal system. Each state Constitution in this country is unique from among the rest. One jurisdiction may conflict with another, making it impossible for any law enforcement agency to apprehend criminals. Criminal organizations are aware of these boundaries limitations. Therefore, they used this information with the purpose to operate illegal business without any risk (Stephens, 1996).

One idea would be for the surrounding states and the federal government to create laws that will allow law enforcement officers to conduct investigations outside one’s jurisdictions without any questions. Less red tape will make law enforcement agencies jobs easier while combating crime. Currently, the United States is making efforts to join forces with countries, such as Canada to combat organized crime and fight terrorism. Both countries understand that criminal organizations seek for underdeveloped countries with an unstable economy (Public Safety Canada, 2006).

Many solutions exist than can benefit law enforcement when controlling organized crime, as the world evolves so does technology. Law enforcement can implement this new technology in a number of ways. With the help of research this one can improve the equipment officers use to detect, prevent, and apprehend criminal activities. Therefore, departments and special units will be better equipped to analyze a number of features that make up the criminal organization (Stephens, 1996).

This options will allow department to develop and organize sophisticated strategies that can effectively prevent organizations from developing, and apprehending individuals involved with any criminal activity and criminal organizations, with the ultimately foal of effectively prosecute them. Another solution would be for federal, state and governments to create and implement rigorous laws and statutes that will pressure law enforcement agencies on all levels to cooperate. This is something law enforcement in the United States has never witnessed in the past.

The perfect goal would be for all law enforcement departments throughout the country to act as a team when detecting, preventing, and apprehended terrorist organizations, other criminal organizations, and individuals involved with serious criminal organizations. Final, Organized cannot survive or prosper without the all important reciprocal relationship between upper-and underworld players. Even the office of the president of the United States has not been immune from allegations of organized crime involvement ( Black, 2008). Organized crime must be viewed as an integral part of society political, economic, and social structure.

Unfortunately, political corruption is critical to the survival of organized crime, this one could not operate at all without the direct complicity and connivance of the political machinery. Thus, investigations through the years have proven that the close relationship between political organizations and organized crime cannot operate without the other (Lyman D. , & Potter D. , 2007). Also, keep in mind, the legal limitations that once prohibited law enforcement to effectively capture criminals is now playing positive signs of cooperation.