Rivers in Malaysia

Rivers in Malaysia have played a major role in shaping and influencing the development of the nation and cultures of its peoples and there are 150 rivers in Peninsular Malaysia and about 50 river systems are found in Sabah and Sarawak. The city of Kuala Lumpur, the capital of Malaysia, was itself founded at the confluence of the Kelang and Gombak Rivers. Furthermore, the rivers in Malaysia supplied 97 percent of the country’s raw water. From the past 200 years, Malaysia has harnessed this abundant resource for agriculture and water supply to industries and homes, where consumers have the

convenience of running water at the turn of a tap. The foundation for piped water supply was started by the British, after they had set themselves up in Penang, their first base in Malaysia. When the population of their new colony breached the 10,000 mark, they drew up the first formal arrangement for a water supply system in 1804. The labor from British was constructed an aqueduct of brick to transport clear stream water from the hills to town and from earthen pipes were laid under the streets and water taken from them through tin pipes to homes. In 1877, the bricks in the aqueduct replaced with a cast iron main.

This cast iron main which are the first water main in Malaysia and it found in the Penang water supply network. After they succeed to have the water supply network, Sarawak was the next that British colony to have water mains in Kuching to provide water to households. Kuala Lumpur was next line in to have water at the turn of a tap, followed by Melaka in 1889 and the rest of the Federated Malay States as they came under British colonial administration. By 1939, households in the major towns of Malaya were well-served with piped water. Many water installations, however, deteriorated from neglect during the war years of the

Japanese Occupation which is by 1941 to 1945). In Public Works Department report said that Malaya had provide a water supply system and a standard of technical service in the colonial Empire, it was to meet the needs of tomorrow owing to pre-war financial methods. By 1950, Malaya had using treatment plants to produce million litres of water per day to contribute a population of 1. 15 million. Then, as now, water shortages were not uncommon, caused in part by drought but mainly by rapid population growth. In the year after Independence in 1957, demand for water increased sharply, especially in the capital

city in the Kuala Lumpur, which was the focal point of the rural-urban drift that occurred in the newly independent nation. Dealing with a rising demand, building the Klang Gates Dam and the Bukit Nanas Treatment Plant was put in hand and commissioned in 1959, but unfortunally they suffered in a long period of water shortage and water rationing. By the mid-1980s, when the country gets on a programme of industrialisation, there was a high demand for water from a new sector which is industries. Though interstate water transfers in small quantities over short distances and easy terrain are not new, the transfer