The subsequent proliferation of computer technology in the society has consequently occasioned a spontaneous proliferation of computers in the educational institutions all over the U. S, a phenomenon that can be partially attributed to the growing association between school reforms and educational technological reforms. The mode of learning has undergone a series of revolutions, thanks to the efforts of reformers at the state and local levels, these reforms include both administration as well as curriculum matters.
Through the efforts of these reformers the professional pressure on teachers have been considerably been reduced while increasing the efficiency in student comprehension, again thanks to the technological advancements. These kinds of educational reforms play a paramount role in imparting the teachers with the latest instructional know-how by combining both the professional and technological elements and therefore work positively towards the production of globally and technologically competitive students.
Again, technological reforms which have been extensively used have helped to positively make students fully equipped in regards to the 21st century standards of developments. (Andy Carvin: Edweb, n. d) Many of the proposed and implemented educational reforms in the U. S are as a result of civil right movements that were very active in the mid-20th century. The efforts by these civil rights movements brought about changes in busing, affirmative action, banning of prayers, and racial integration among others. For instance, E.
D. Hirsch advocated for what he called “cultural literacy” based education; though this was long time ago his views are even today incorporated in classroom instructions. Consequently many schools adopted the outcome based education to boost performance. This resulted into various changes to follow suit e. g. the introduction of “Certificate of Initial Mastery” and the “School To Work” system that required all the students except those in the university to spend some of their class time in a job environment.
This therefore helped to give the required job market exposure and hence prepare them fully for more global and technological challenges. (Tyack, David, and Cuban, Larry, 1995) An article on quality of teaching by Wendy Wyman seeks to address the working on the teachers’ environment in many American public schools across the U. S. This article addresses the diverse though desperate factors that collectively have a great impact on the entire teaching profession.
Over the years the teaching job has been taken for granted with notions that teaching is a simple profession as compared to the mystery of other professions. These have been counter-productive to the development of education standards and therefore the need to institute reforms that will help incorporate human and material resources in order to keep the teaching profession abreast with the technological and global challenges that keeps on ascending to tall orders each day.
The major educational reforms emphasized on this article are class size, standards, substantial parent involvement, leadership issues, and safety concerns. All these reforms are geared towards improving the working conditions of teachers who are the main educational systems implementers. (Wendy Wyman, 2001) Over the years the overall performance of mathematics and sciences have been somehow below the expectations of many key players in the U. S. apparently the next generation depends wholly on mathematics and sciences for them to remain globally and technologically competitive.
Again it has been noted that majority of Americans do not proceed past the high school level and therefore it is importance that they be given a firm foundation of mathematics and science during the elementary and high school levels. This has been achieved through collective efforts from the parents, teachers, children’s, and even the state that converts into latest learning experiences and well researched-for assessment tools. The two subjects’ curriculums have also undergone a series of reforms in order to keep it abreast with the modern technology and global demands. (Kyle Zinth, 2008)
Reforms have also been made in the least talked about area of educational counseling; this is as a result of poor and ill-advised choices of careers by postsecondary students. The reforms made in this area includes; the availability, impact, and variations in guidance and counseling services in colleges, schools, districts, postsecondary institutions and states; the types of guidance services students get in regards to their academic preferences and ethnic alignment’s; and the kind of information that has been traditionally used on underserved students in their quest for postsecondary education.
These reforms are guided by the fact that students have initially been getting academic guidance selectively and even some fail to get it altogether. Academic guidance is as important as the real classroom instructions is to the overall academic wellbeing of students as it leads them into choosing the best technologically and globally competitive careers. (Jennifer Dounay, 2008) Another issue of great importance in the production of globally and technologically competitive citizens is structure of the curriculum followed in schools.
This is according to a research conducted by Suzanne Weiss on the level, kind, and the structure of the courses high school students undertake. This research gives an outline of a nice school curriculum, that; it should seek to integrate a student into the modern community and not alienate him/her; it should fully develop a students potential abilities; it should also fully equip the student with the necessary skills and knowledge for modern living.
The research bases its reasoning on the fact that a curriculum affects the general performance of the learners and ultimately affects their attitudes towards postsecondary education. Reforms have been instituted that allow for school districts and states to undertake their own curriculum modifications that best suits their educational goals which should be in line with global and technological standards. (Suzanne Weiss, 2001)
There has been mass misalignment among the postsecondary education, state workforce development programs, and state economic development strategies in the choice of careers that fit the market trends. A research carried out by Chris Spence in 2007 came up with reforms to counter this problem, Chris advised that community colleges be formed that will help students to enroll for career pathways programs with defined courses that leads them to jobs which are in high demand within the states or even in the regions.
Further, the states were given mandate to implement such career pathways with the main aim of increasing the percentage of students who successfully finish college and hence become useful members of the society and who can contribute to the state or even regional workforce. (Chris Spence, 2007) Reformers like Milton Friedman advocated for the freedom of school choice in order to facilitate a culture of competition among schools and hence promoting excellence.
This he reasoned would only be possible when the school voucher system, which permits guardians to choose and pay any school, be it private or public with the money allocated by the federal government, an exercise that will see the guardians shopping for the best schools. This will ultimately lead to an alternative to public education, with religious and other schools based on alternative philosophies such as Montessori being playing a core role in the equipping of the students as per the 21st century challenges. (William J. Bennett, 1999)