The aim of this strategy is to reduce the supply of the drugs by preventing the dealers to supply drugs. If the drugs are easily available it becomes easier for those using them to become long term users (Home Office, 2007). Long term use of drugs encourages the development of problems like dependence and addiction which makes it difficult for these individuals to remain clean after undergoing treatment. Thus reducing the supply of drugs is an important step to prevent the young people from using drugs and to remain clean after undergoing treatment (Home Office, 2007).
The various levels at which drugs are dealt with are street level (includes the dealing of drugs from streets, small businesses or residential premises), middle-market level (level which is above the street level) and crack markets (where dealing of cocaine occurs). Since the drugs belonging to class A (according to U. K classification of drugs) are more dangerous and possess a higher capacity to produce addiction and dependence, more stringent steps are taken by the government to reduce the supply of class A drugs, particularly crack and cocaine in the UK.
Powers have now been given to the police to close down the private premises where type A drugs (especially crack cocaine and magic mushrooms) are being manufactured, sold or supplied (Drugs Act, 2005). The government has also set up Middle Market drug units in order to reduce the dealing of drugs at middle market level. Bringing down the rates of drug related crime Bringing down the rates of crime related to use of drugs is one of the key components of the ‘Drug strategy’, the UK Policy for solving the problem of drug use.
Prevention and treatment of Substance use disorders is the main approach adopted by the British Government in order to break the relationship between drugs and crime. The main program under this strategy, which has been initiated by the government in order to reduce the rates of crime in the U. K, is the ‘Drug Intervention Program” or ‘DIP’ (Home Office, 2007). This program, introduced in the year 2003, is a five years long program, which aims at aims at tackling the problem by attacking the root of the problem.
It aims at helping the individuals, whose crimes are related to use of drugs, to get rid of their habit of using drugs by providing them support and treatment. The goal of DIP is to direct approximately 1,000 drug-abusing offenders into treatment every week by 2008. Currently 2,500 drug-abusing individuals who had offended the law are entering treatment through the Drug Interventions Program (home Office, 2007).
This intervention by the government has been successful since the rates of drug-related crime have fallen by approximately 20% since the time of its implementation. Though drug use of Class A drugs by young people in the age groups 16-24 years has stabilized to about 8% over the last few years due to implementation of above described strategies, even more concrete efforts are required to bring down the rate of substance use disorders among the youth in UK (Home Office, 2007).