Another indicator of hate crimes according to the FBI is a situation where the victim undergoes an act which is consistent with a hate crime in a neighborhood where there are other cases of hate crimes which had been reported before. According to the United States Federal Bureau of Investigation (2000), these crimes should match with the profile of the victim in terms of social group. This means that these crimes should have been committed against other people who share the race, religions beliefs, ethnicity, nationality or disability with the victim.
In addition to this, several similar incidences need to have occurred during a relatively similar time frame. The community which lives around the crime scene also need to believe that the crime was motivated by bias, though this is not a necessary requirement. The victim should have been undertaking activities which promote his or her national or ethnic origin, racial, religious, disability or sexual orientation background. For instance, an attack which is committed after a person engages in demonstration which supports homosexuality can be regarded as a hate crime.
Finally, attacks which occur when members of these groups are commemorating certain events or festivities may be regarded as hate crimes. Hate activities among children. According to Hall (2005), research on hate crimes has revealed that a majority of attacks against minority sexual groups does not trace its roots to the individual dislike of people who belong to these minority groups. The animosity which is created comes from the socialization process of young people in society.
When children are growing up, they face a varying degree of social ostracism and anti-gay name calling. Most children in US engage in pervasive violence and harassment against other children who they consider to be gender-deviant. The children who are more violent in nature commit more violent activities against other children who are viewed to be have different sexual orientation. These include tomboyish girls, non-aggressive boys, children with gay or lesbian parents and other children who are friends with children who fit in these groups.
The underlying hate can therefore be seen to develop during the early age, and is gradually reinforced as the child grows older. It is reinforced in such environments as the school environment where students who belong to the defined groups are bullied. Intolerance and stereotypes. Research has revealed that although many children engage in harassing, bulling or assaulting sexual minorities, they do not typically fit into the profile of hate extremists. They are usually young people who do not know that what they are doing is wrong.
If the school curriculum does not send a positive message about homosexuality, it is very likely that the negative stereotype will flourish. It is therefore important to control the situation at an early age in order to prevent the behavior from becoming entrenched in children. Conclusion. It is clear that hate crime is a form of crime which is widespread across various societies. It is entrenched during childhood when children harass one another on the basis of sexual characteristics and physical behaviorism.
Since the children are not aware that they are doing anything wrong, they grow up with a similar behavior into adulthood, if not discouraged from practicing it. This creates a society where the hate crimes are prevalent, and the victims avenge them after being attacked, leading to a continuous cycle of hate crimes. It has been seen that some people are of the view that the hate crime laws should be very strict, while there are others are of the opinion that hate crime laws are against the freedom of expression.
There are also various ways in which hate crimes are facilitated, and most of these involve alteration of facts or historical events to support the activities of hate groups. It has been discussed that there are social groups which are targeted in the hate crimes, and these are defined by religion, race, nationality, disability, sexual orientation, ethnicity and others. These groups are targeted due to various motivators which have been discussed in the paper. It is important to address these motivators and hate group message facilitators in order to effectively deal with the problem of hate crimes.