Political violence is normally defined as committing of aggressive actions against others for the purpose of fulfilling an individual or group’s advocacies. It can also be defined as any form of action by the current government or state affairs and principles. There have been many individuals who committed such hostility for their personal agenda and ideologies. These people believed that change can only be achieved only by the use of political aggression and fighting.
Many of them attained their objectives but were condemned by other people who have dissenting views with regards to their means of getting what they want to happen. A particular person named Mao Zedong utilized this form of political violence in achieving his goals to have a progressive China. From the start, he strongly agrees that reforms can only happen with the use of violence. This belief by Mao Zedong was realized with the victory of communist party against their antagonists in the civil war in China in the year 1950.
The struggle lasted for more than 20 years when Mao’s group took control of the major cities and territories. Another individual that can be identified to have used this approach in getting this goal is Che Guevara. He was also convinced fully that reforms in his country can only be achieved through insurgencies supported by the citizens of the concerned state. He inspired many people to fight against imperialism by other countries and to fight for an independent state. He led many guerilla battles against the government but was later captured and ordered to be executed by the Bolivian government.
Carlos Marighella also believed that guerilla warfare is necessary for liberation against the government who was supported by the imperialist countries. In Brazil, he led many from the urban areas to staged revolution to overthrow the government and install a new, independent state not controlled by other foreign nation. Like Che Guevara, he provided communist ideologies in his country but was later killed in an ambush in the year 1969. Fanon is a revolutionary person that provided much inspiration to other personalities in the struggler for freedom and liberation against foreign control.
He published some of his works that greatly influenced fellow ideologists like Che Guevara in fighting for liberty. He died due to an ailment but was regarded by many as a hero for his contributions as a freedom fighter. There are people today that can be identified to be similar with the aforementioned individuals who are fighting for the same ideologies. Osama Bin Laden is a clear example of this where he continues to fight against what he says as American Imperialism in the Arab and Muslim nations.
He ventured into terrorism and harsh moves to achieve his goal to liberate these countries from American influence and intervention. Iran president Mahmoud Ahmadinejad also falls to the same category for his continuous efforts to repel foreign pressures against his country. His ideology of having a country free from US interventions in needed for absolute freedom and progress of Iran. Hamas and Hezbollah groups can also be included in the lists for their ideologies and approaches in getting their goals or objectives.
Together with Bin Laden and Mahmoud, they all believed that only by military force can they attain their objectives and principles. With regards to the mentioned individuals and groups who ventured into political violence, it can be said that the ideology they have in reaching their respective objectives would not bring good results in the long run. Any philosophy that suggests violence as a necessary tool in bringing reforms would eventually fail because not all struggles should be dealt with harsh responses.
Diplomacy is still the best tool in reaching toward understanding between nations and individuals and history can tell that this brought major roles in finding peace toward nations and people. References Holmes, R. , Hugh, B. et al. (2001). Oxford Companion to Military History. Oxford University Press. Anderson, J. L. (1997). Che Guevara: A Revolutionary Life. New York: Grove Press. Marxists Internet Archive: Mao Zedong. Retrieved on February 10, 2009. Retrieved from <www. marxists. org/reference/archive/mao/>