The term organized crime been used differently by many people depending on fields and institutions. However, the terminology has been widely used as noun as to refer organization or associations. Under some circumstances, organized crime has been used as noun that denotes the activity undertaken. According to Pennsylvanian, this is an illegal activity done by an association that operates on illegal market. There are arrays of such activities which perpetrators of the law get involved in.
these are defined in Pennsylvanian as activities involving trafficking of unauthorized products and services which has both personal implications and impacts to the states economy. Some of the common illegalized activities are: gambling, trafficking of controlled substances, loan sharking, prostitution, incitement leading to labor racketeering and any other activity which targets at gaining economic advantages by deceptive, coercive and other improper governmental interests means.
(Kenney and Finckenauer, 1995) Referring to some other definitions, these are illegal groups of formalized thugs, whose motives are to quake the government and society. Money thirsty through illegalized ways is their primarily aim and this keep their solidarity. Organized crimes are better explained using triple elements. First and foremost, associations of organized crime are actively threatening to the lives of the communities in locations or state in which they are established.
They not only become criminal monopolies by terrorizing the community in which they are entrenched, but the element of criminology is much portrayed by the groups pressurizing and disrespecting the legally established authorities. Violence is a key factor in paralyzing the community and government authorities by creating fear and intimidating environments thus taking the control of the market in corrupted means but in what is disguised to be legalized way to persons of ignorance.
Usually organized crimes are hurting and harming to the poor residents in the economic growth and also on political advancements. (Cook, 1966) The issues of organized crime are not matters that have been born over blink of eyes or an overnight activity. They have been in existence for a very long time in the historical timeline. Since the early years of the 19th century, New York City a place full of dramatic transitions. The early magnificent of the city was rapidly changing its status and the reputation was fading away perhaps one might assume this was due to overpopulation in the region.
The natives of New York City could testify this as major causes of the filth ness of the environment was unpleasing and immigrants were flowing in from all parts of the globe especially from the European states like Germany, Italy and Ireland. Industrialization in the region polluted the five points with noise from the slaughter factories and tanneries which further become nuisance by reckless damping of the animal carcass and wastes.
Despites the industrialization of the New York which led to majority to enjoy and live prosperous economically, five points had negative progression on economic growth making the place renown as the leading asylum. (Kenney and Finckenauer, 1995) The increases in population and the deterioration of the environment conditions in the five points impacted the lives of its residents. Disease epidemics and endemics were often and frequently, the residents found their tenements flooded and mostly they would collects they belonging from the neighborhoods.
Washing and drinking water became scarce commodity forcing the five point’s dwellers to use the contaminated water. Unfavorable environments which contributed to disease epidemics such as cholera and other factors led to deterioration of the income generation means and general economy. Income reduction and lack of live essentials forced the community to indulge into legal and illegal practices to boost their earnings for survival. Some tried to survive as artisans, while other got their daily needs through prostitutions.
The engagement into the prohibited activities such as prostitution was neither a resolution that could revival the economy, but this exacerbated their economic status by risking and spreading sexually transmitted diseases. (Kelly and Schatzberg, 1994) The struggle to revival the economy of the five points created a lot of impact in then New York City and the community of five points. Undoubtedly, the New York City found itself surging down with numerous vices of corruption and pay offs related to politic and law enforcement in the 19th century.
The most notorious slum, the five points was flooded with immigrants escaping persecution and famine from other noble decent places of the city. In the five points terrible conditions, gangsters sprout out and thrived making criminal activities and other kind of vices their culture. Unlike other gangs, the five points gangs were comprised of robust, industrious dangerous men who often had bloody battles with their neighborhoods for territory expansion.
Their fondness to fight was remarkable that they not only fought for territory but also they fought for putting out flames on the blazing houses. The fighting culture of the five points gang enabled them to thrive politically which were enhanced through intoxicated minds in brutish drinking fraternities. The end of the 19th century therefore left score of New Yorker under the mercies of scorching gangs who had seized most of the trading political portion of the New York. (Ciprut, 2000)
Organized crimes being detrimental development of a society and nation as whole, governments together with other organizations have employed various techniques to put such practices to a halt. Though harsh punishment and laws are enacted such as headhunting traditional ways, combating organized crime has stilling continued to pose challenges to the government and communities. This has led security organizations and departments to focus on better systems that would aid on gathering first hand information on organized crimes.
However, there has been no effectives means of controlling organized crimes because any advancement made combats it also create a new opportunity that makes its more decentralized and invisible. This means that the threat to state economy and social system on organized crime may be perpetual despite strengthening of law enforcement procedures both through police changes and law enactments that give much power to justice systems for severe punishments of the perpetrators. (Craig, 1998) References: Ciprut, J.
(2000): Of Fears and Foes: Security and Insecurity in an Evolving Global Political Economy: Westport, Praeger Publishers Cook, F. (1966): The Secret Rulers: Criminal Syndicates and How They Control the U. S. Underworld, New York, Duell Sloan & Pearce Craig, T. (1998): Drug Precipice: Illicit Drugs, Organized Crime, Fallacies of Legalization, Worsening Problems, and Solutions: University of New South Wales Press Kelly, R. and Schatzberg, R. (1994): Handbook of Organized Crime in the United States, Westport, Greenwood Press Kenney, D. and Finckenauer, J. (1995): Organized Crime in America,