Traditional prisons have sought in the past to punish not rehabilitate; in a society that demands retribution for illegal behaviour and unlawful actions the essence of justice is lost. They increase the isolation of post prisoners who remain prejudged and stigmatised with the stereotypical assumption that society is 'Normal-Good' and that all 'criminals' are 'Abnormal-bad'25. Grendon grew out of originality, striving to rehabilitate and consequently quash this unlawful behaviour rather then unconstructively imprison them for the public demand.
Evidence unmistakably indicates that traditional punishment does not work. Historical penal warnings have recognised that loss of freedom alone is no deterrent, but that prisoners need to learn legal skills and be mentally stimulated if any behavioural reform is to transpire. Prisoners locked up in cells for 23 hours a day, or kept in silence has indicated this may increase the probability of mental debilitation. Grendon has encapsulated evidence, which drives traditional prisons to remain unsuccessful.
Its regime, philosophy and approach executes Grendon as a maverick prison, however exclusively while the prison 'prevails as an isolated entity from the crowd' this fails to demonstrate that the establishment is successful in its objectives26. Evidence in the past has concentrated on the statistics of 'inmates' but has neglected to identify its accomplishment. Those few researchers who have considered Grendon success in reform have not provided valid or reliable statistics27. The obstacle amid society28 is that they need to label.
This labelling means that they can then categorise therapeutic treatment suitable for all (a) 'inmates' and all (b) 'inmates'. However, what they fail to realise is that man is unique and cannot be 'pigeon holed' into categories simply to maintain cost and efficiency. The only way that society will be able to live in 'harmony' will be to treat individualistic needs. Not all murderers murder for the same reasons, will become 'Good-Normal' by means of the same ritualistic therapy, psychology has expanded merely thus far; yet loiters in the hypocrisy of societies wants.
Grendon has transformed the approach of punishment, however still lacks the necessity to achieve stability of co-existence between 'inmates' and society. Grendon serves to help those through therapy thus attempting to regulate adverse behaviour, however it fails to comprehend that 'criminals' do not all have behavioural problems but that some arrive at their destiny through deprivation or environmental conditioning which cannot be removed through therapy.
If someone appropriates due to deprivation, 'training' him or her to understand that theft is wrong morally, socially, religiously30, wrong will not remove their deprivation when they return into 'society'. For some the problem remains, appropriate to survive or remain in a state of poverty and deprivation. I believe that Grendon in the 1960's was a Maverick prison, and when compared to other Prisons it is evident it remains an isolated approach, however if the Prison system does not recognise need over want, the practice will continue to churn out Frankenstein's monster, that they can no longer manipulate.
It was the brainchild of Dr East and Dr Hubert in 1939. This became implemented in 1963. Originally Grendon had three primary tasks. Investigation and treatment of mental disorders those were possible to treat. Investigation of offenders whose offences suggest mental morbidity. Exploration of dealing with psychopaths. 2 Applying Psychology to 'crime'. Julie Harrower. 3 What Everyone in Britain should know about 'crime' and Punishment. Ch 2, Prisons. David Wilson and John Ashton.
4 Her Majesty's Prison Grendon: a Maverick prison' Journal of forensic psychology, Volume 2 Number 2 September 1991. 5 Jonny Blackshaw. The Grendon way. Prison Report. 6 Ricky Taylor and Peter Marshall. Et al 7 Robert Martinson 1974 8 Prisoners are not segregated from each other which is unique, however from some of the rules which are upheld by prisoners in Grendon it is apparent that this assumes that 'atypical' behaviour would be altered due to the principles of no violence which is based on the behavioural assumption of conditioning and modelling.
Via Zimbardos' prison observation, it was identified that where a prisoner omits their own identity and; lacks responsibility for their own actions, known as deindividuation, a prisoner will conform to expected norms never facing the reality of their crime and consequently lacks guilt or remorse. 10 Prisoners agree to the rules upheld within Grendon, this includes a 'no violence' rule which encourages empathy and decreases victimisation commonly identified in Stangeways as well as no Sex rule, no drugs rules and no secrets, breach of these rules incurs the punishment of being 'voted out' by the community and return to the sending prison.