Natural Law

There are many variations in terms of explaining and providing a reasoned background or foundation for the concept of natural law. Nevertheless, it can be safely assumed that the concept has something to do largely with explaining why things are. In the field of philosophy especially in social philosophy, for instance, the term natural law is widely used as a term embodying the presumption that certain rights of individuals are already de facto given and, hence, these rights are inalienable or cannot be separated from the individual.

In science, natural laws are the laws that govern physical objects for instance, defining why and how such objects or phenomena act the way they are observed. In essence, the concept of natural law suggests that there are certain laws that are not construed by humans and that they essentially exist even without human cognition. Determinism

The concept of determinism entails the idea of being ‘determined’ in the sense that an object or an individual, for example, is so construed in such a way that the object or individual cannot act in certain ways or is limited to perform in specific ways as defined by the object or the person’s physical being or structure. For example, although an individual can decide to bend his or her index finger backwards such that it is able to touch his or her wrist, that same individual nevertheless is restricted by the way in which his or her physical composition or anatomy is ‘determined’.

Far more intriguing is the religious argument that human beings are determined in such a way that God has so created the life of man that man is unable to go beyond what God has apparently so dictated him or her to do. While certain dogmas indicate that man is nevertheless able to decide on certain matters, religion will argue that such decisions of man are still under the helm of God’s command or decision. In this sense, even the breathing of man manifests in that way precisely because God has constituted man to be that way.

Apart from the religious aspect, determinism can also be observed from even certain games such as chess. For instance, the pawn moves forward one square at a time because it is determined to move in that way. In any case, the concept of determinism Position With all of the given definitions above, I firmly believe that man is a rational being who has the free will to choose. This is because man’s rationality enables him to function well as a living creature above the rest of the flora and fauna in this planet.

Setting aside distinctions in terms of anatomy, man is endowed with the faculty of reason which enables him to establish a society of his won, create rules which will govern him but will not totally hinder him from exercising his freedom, and to act in accordance to the greater goals of the whole population seeking the best interests for the common good. If man is not rational and has no corresponding free will, I can hardly imagine if man will be able to continue existing least in a harmonious manner.

Without reason, it can hardly be thought that man will be able to arrive at reasoned decisions involved in deciding things which are of utmost importance to the larger existence of humanity. It nevertheless brings us to the point of realizing that, if we were not or we never acted as rational beings in the first place, would we even reach the point where we are now? Apparently, there may be contentions against this claim. For the most part, it can be argued that the rationality of man has also taken him aback in the sense that his reasoned decisions have also taken its toll upon him.

Technology, as the product of reason, has created dubious and threatening effects to the lives of men. Nevertheless, it cannot be doubted that even at such instances, there is man’s rationality and it has become an intrinsic element in man’s daily affairs. Without reason, life would be irrational—a tautology but nevertheless true. Reference Lanier, M. M. , & Henry, S. (2004). Essential Criminology (2 ed. ). Boulder, Colorado: Westview Press.