Introduction:- Automobile engineers design, test, develop and manufacture automotive products such as heavy and light vehicles. They help the automotive industry to meet new challenges, for example, making sure that vehicles are safe, environmentally friendly and fuel-efficient. They work not just on cars and commercial vehicles but also buses, coaches, tanks and racing cars. WORK ACTIVITIES:- Designing and developing a vehicle involves a very wide range of engineering knowledge. For example, automobile engineers use their knowledge of mechanical engineering , combustion, vehicle structures and aerodynamics .
They also need knowledge of computers and electronic and electrical systems, which are all becoming increasingly sophisticated in modern vehicles. For example, some cars now have computer-controlled engine systems and digital display dashboards. Some automobile engineers specialise in design (they may be known as design engineers). The average motor vehicle has around 10,000 individual parts and each must be designed, developed and manufactured. Design engineers need to take into account factors such as the strength, safety, efficiency, appearance and cost of parts.
Many design engineers use computer-aided design (CAD) technology in their work, allowing them to create and change designs much more quickly than in the days of drawing boards. After design, they need to turn plans into prototypes 1. Luxury Cars – This is a traditional class of cars most people recognize. Luxury cars have been available as long as cars have been around. These cars offer more comfortable surroundings and options than standard cars and are usually larger than other vehicles.
Usually luxury cars fall in brand-specific categories, meaning they are manufactured under nameplates that deal exclusively in this class of vehicles. Examples of luxury cars include most cars built by Mercedes, BMW, Lexus, Cadillac and Lincoln. 2. Full-Size Cars – Full-fusize cars include most sedans over 5000 pounds. These cars offer more room and tend to be more comfortable. They may be more suitable for people who have a hard time dealing with driving or getting in and out of the car. However, they tend to suffer a bit on fuel mileage, so they may not be a good option for someone who drives a lot or over long distances.
Cars in this category include the Ford Grand Victoria and related Mercury Grand Marquis, as well as the Buick Lucerne, and Volkswagen Phaeton. 3. Mid-size Cars – The mid-size car includes the most popular vehicles on the road today, including the Toyota Camry, Ford Fusion and Taurus, Honda Accord, Chevy Impala and Malibu and many others. This class is known for its versatility, and fuel mileage. This class has improved drastically in recent years. They are a good fit for people with families. 4.
Sport Utility Vehicles/SUV’s – This class of vehicles makes for a great people mover and family car. They are often times equipped with 4 wheel drive and have great off-road capability. They suffer on fuel mileage and often lack the reliability of other classes. Some examples are the Nissan Pathfinder, the Chevy Tahoe, or the Toyota 4 Runner. More compact SUVs include the Honda CRV and Ford Escape. 5. Crossovers – This is a relatively new class of automobile that combines some of the advantages of the SUV with a few of the attributes of the smaller classes of vehicles.
They often come equipped with 4 wheel drive, and usually have better ground clearance than normal cars, which gives them some limited off-road capability. Expect this class to have better fuel mileage than SUV’s but lag behind the mid-size and compact models. They are also a great choice for families and people who want a vehicle with a little more room. Some examples are the Ford Edge and Nissan Murano. 6. Trucks – Another class of Vehicle that has been around for a long time. Most people are well acquainted with pickups in general.
They offer the best load-carrying capability and 4 wheel drive models tend to have the best off-road capabilities than vehicles in any other class. Available models include the best-selling Ford F-150, the Chevy Silverado and the Toyota Tundra. 7. Vans – The quintessential “Family Car. ” Minivans have been around since the 80’s and full-size vans even longer. Minivans offer excellent safety ratings and are clearly a great option for families. Full-size vans are excellent load-carriers and make great work vehicles, especially for people that have cargo needing to be protected from the weather.
Examples include the Hyundai Entourage, Ford Econoline, and Dodge Caravan. 8. Green Cars – “Green Cars” comprise a very new class of vehicles that have emerged in the last few years. Green cars are notable for their low emissions and excellent fuel mileage. They use the newest fuel-saving technology like hybrid drivetrains and clean diesel. However, expect to pay a premium price for these new technologies. Examples include the Toyota Prius, Honda civic hybrid, and Ford Escape Hybrid. Weigh the advantages and disadvantages of each type of car and pick the class that fits you best.