Malaysia Economy

Overview: Malaysia’s momentous journey in its aspiration towards achieving a developed and high-income economy commenced in the 2010 Budget. Recognizing that the nation has reached a defining moment in its development path as well as the need for structural reforms and mindset change, the New Economic Model (NEM) and the Tenth Malaysia Plan (10MP) were unveiled on 30 March and 10 June 2010, respectively. The 2010 Budget laid the foundation for the development of the NEM and is a precursor to the 10MP.

The 2011 Budget will further accelerate the national transformation agenda through strategies and measures to revitalize private investment, strengthen human capital development and improve productivity as well as ensure the well-being of the rakyat . These strategies and measures are anchored on four pillars of the national transformation programme, namely the : 1Malaysia: People First, Performance Now concept, Government Transformation Programme (GTP) Economic Transformation Programme (ETP) and 10MP.

The 1 Malaysia, People First, Performance Now concept is based on the principles of social cohesion and inclusiveness as well as the need for prompt delivery of public services to the rakyat Meanwhile, the GTP which encompasses the National Key Result Areas (NKRAs) and Ministerial Key Performance indicators (MKPIs) is designed to strengthen public sector delivery and enhance accountability of programmes. To address issues of concern to the rakyat, six NKRAs ,covering crime, corruption, education, poverty, rural basic infrastructure and public transport were identified with specific measures and targets for expeditious implementation.

The ETP is designed to bring about structural changes through eight Strategic Reform Initiatives (SRIs) to remove impediments and create an enabling environment to boost growth. Among the major SRIs are reinvigorating private investment, strengthening public service delivery as well as enhancing sources and sustainability of growth. To accelerate economic expansion, 12 National Key Economic Areas (NKEAs) with high growth potential were selected and several projects identified for implementation. The 10MP is the first medium-term plan to operationalise the GTP and ETP.

The Plan will promote major structural transformation aimed at enhancing competition through an innovative and skilled workforce, removing market distortions and unleashing private sector entrepreneurship The public sector will play a catalytic role in facilitating private activity while delivering efficient services to the spirit of lMalaysia People First, Performance Now. These initiatives augur well for the nation’s long-term growth prospects and will contribute to a higher per capita Gross National Income (GNI) of between USD15,OOO and USD20,000 by 2020 .

In the immediate term, the Malaysian economy isexpectedtoregisterstronggrowthof70%in 2010 after contracting 1. 7% in 2009. Growth is supported by the upturn in private investment, robust consumption one strong external demand In 201f, with moderate global growth and trade expansion, the Malaysian economy is envisaged to expand between 5. 0% and 6. 0%, supported by resilient domestic demand as well as the pro-growth strategies and measures introduced in the 2011 Budget . Fiscal Operations: The timely and well-targeted implementation of the stimulus packages amounting to RM67 billion or 9.

9% of Gross Domestic Product (GOP) in 2009 enabled the economy to rebound in the fourth quarter of 2009 and register strong growth of 9. 5% in the first half of 2010. With broad-based recovery and well-entrenched growth, revenue projections were revised upwards, thus improving the fiscal position . The Government is committed to fiscal consolidation. The fiscal deficit will be contained at 56% of GOP (2009 70%) and largely funded from domestic sources. Total Government expenditure is expected at RM206. 2 billion in 2010(2009 RM206.

6 billion). Federal Government revenue is expected to remain firm at RM162. 1 billion, an increase of 22% over 2009. Fiscal prudence will continue to be observed while various measures will be undertaken to increase revenue collection. Monetary and Financial Developments: Monetary Policy Monetary policy remains supportive of growth as the economy rebounded amid benign inflation The overnight policy rate (OPR) was raised three limes, by 25 basis points in March, May and July 2010, increasing the rate from 200% to 2. 75%.

The normalization of OPR reflects improving economic outlook and aims to prevent the build-up of financial imbalances, under-pricing of risks as well as disintermediation, which are detrimental to long-term sustainable growth. The statutory reserve requirement{SRR)was adjusted downwards from 200% to 100% in March 2009 and remains unchanged to reduce the cost of intermediation for banking institutions . The continued resilience of the banking sector was supported by strong capital, stable asset quality and ample liquidity.

To further enhance the development and competitiveness of the financial sector, five new commercial banking licenses were issued in June 2010 following the liberalization measures announced in April 2009 These banks will contribute to the diversity of the financial services industry and support new areas of growth, including green technology as well as facilitate international trade, attract investments into Malaysia and create greater employment opportunities in the financial sector On 18 August 2010, Bank Negara Malaysia (BNM) further eased foreign exchange rules to allow the ringgit for offshore settlement of trade in goods and services as well as remove the cap for exporters to hedge foreign exchange risks.

This will facilitate the management of currency mismatches, reduce conversion costs as well as enable more effective risk management. In the capital market, the Securities Commission Malaysia (SC) issued a stock broking license to further enhance greater intermediation of investment inflows. Malaysia is also recognized as an approved investment destination by China under the Qualified Domestic Institutional Investor (ODII) scheme for Chinese fund management and securities companies to invest in Malaysian securities. The scheme will also enhance Malaysia’s attraction as a capital-Raising platform, particularly for China-based companies as well as provides opportunity for Malaysian capital market intermediaries to access China’s market .

Driving the Nation Towards a High Income Economy: Accelerating Private Investment Private investment declined from an average of 250% of GOP in the 1990s to an average of 10. 0% over the last decade. The decline in investment is attributed to shortage of skilled human capital, low level of innovation and productivity as well as weaknesses in public service delivery Furthermore, the emergence of low-cost producers such as China, India and Vietnam has resulted in lower foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows. Given the trend, several measures were introduced in the 2010 Budget to revitalize private investment . Providing Business-Friendly Environment.

A single reference number for individuals and companies was introduced on 1 September 2009 to facilitate dealings with Government agencies MyID uses the MyKad number, while MyCoID utilizes the Companies Commission of Malaysia business registration number. Under phase one, MyID was introduced {n the Road Transport Department, Immigration Department, Employees Provident Fund (EPF) and the Inland Revenue Board (IRB) As 01 July 2010, this facility was extended to 560 government agencies. The development of MyCoID gateway is expected to be completed by 1 November 2010 and the system will be operational in five main agencies, namely IRS, EPF, Pembangunan Sumber Manusia Berhad, Social Security organization (SOCSO) and SME Corporation Malaysia (SME Corp) .

In order to attract highly talented and skilled individuals from abroad,the Government simplified the granting of permanent residence (PR) status In addition, working and dependent expatriate family members can obtain visas within three working days, while foreign spouses of Malaysian women are now eligible to apply for long-term social visit pass and are also allowed to work in the country .

As uninterrupted electricity supply is necessary for smooth business operations, as of July2010, Tenaga Nasional Berhad expended RM4. 0 billion on projects to implement electricity generation, transmission, distribution and support services These include expenditure on preliminary works for the hydroelectric projects in Ulu Jelai, Pahang and Hulu Terengganu, which are expected to be completed by end-2015. Meanwhile, Sabah Electricity Sendirian Berhad has taken several measures to increase electricity generation capacity as well as to strengthen the delivery and distribution system in Sabah.

These efforts helped to reduce the System Average Interruption Duration Index to 552 minutes as atJuly2010 (July 2009: 1,362 minutes). In Sarawak, several projects were identified to enhance the development of the energy sector. In this regard, the Bakun Dam is expected to be operational by end-2010. The Murum Dam in Kapit is expected to commence operations in 2013, while preliminary work on Bararn and Limbang hydroelectric projects is underway. Enhancing Implementation of Public-Private Partnership: The Government remains committed to gradually reducing its involvement in economic activities, particularly in areas where it competes with the private sector.

In this respect, the privatization agreement relating to development 01 the Malaysia External Trade Development (MATRADE) Centre was signed on 21 December 2009 and the project is expected to be completed by 2014 to addition, the construction of six Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM) campuses in Pasir Gudang, Puncak Alam, Tapah, Jasin, Seremban and Kota Samarahan is expected to be completed by 2013.

To intensify FD! , Khazanah Nasional Berhadcol elaborated with several foreign entities including Marlborough College Overseas limited, Raffles Education Corporation and Netherlands Maritime Institute of Technology. In a related move, the world-renowned teaching, research and medical institution, Johns Hopkins University will establish a medical school and hospital in Malaysia. A site in Serdang, Selangor has been identified to set up the facilities, which would become a medical research hub for the region.

Intensifying Research, Development and Commercialization: A strong foundation in research, development and commercialisation (R&D&C) activities is paramount to achieve a developed and high-income economy. In this regard, the Unit Inovasi Khas or UNIK was established in July 2010. Staffed by professionals from the public and private sector, UNIK will be responsible for creating a conducive ecosystem to drive innovation, including promoting innovation in the public sector, universities and education system. Efforts were also taken to integrate R&D activities with patents, copyrights and trademarks registration to ensure R&D&C processes are implemented effectively.

Processes and procedures were further improved to expedite patents, copyrights and trademarks registration in the country. In addition, small and medium enterprises (SMEs) are allowed tax deductions on expenses incurred in the registration of patents and trademarks. Consequently, the number of patents and trademarks registered domestically increased 8. 8% during the first seven months of 2010 compared with the same period last year. Leveraging on Niche Areas : The Government remains steadfast to strengthening niche areas. Towards this, various measures were undertaken to boost GNI through tourism, information and communication technology (ICT), halal, green technology and creative industries. Boosting Tourism- Industry :

Tourism is a rapidly growing industry with tourist arrivals and receipts increasing 9. 0% and 12. 0% per annum, respectively, from 2004 to 2009. Despite the challenging environment in 2009, when countries worldwide suffered declines in tourist arrivals, Malaysia posted growth of 7. 3% in tourist arrivals to 23. 6 million while receipts increased 7. r! ” to RM53. 4 billion. In terms of global ranking for 2009 by the United Nations World Tourism Organization, Malaysia moved up two notches to ninth in tourist arrivals and 13th in receipts. Efforts will be intensified towards maintaining Malaysia among the top 10 tourist destinations, particularly focusing on attracting a larger share of high-spending and long-stay tourists.

While continuing to promote existing tourism products such as eco-tourism, edu-tourism and health tourism as well as the Malaysia My Second Home (MM2H) and home stay programmes, the promotion of innovative tourism products will be accelerated. These include Malaysia’s beautiful parks and gardens, culinary delights, arts tourism, women’s golf and flower trails. In July 2010, Malaysia launched the inaugural 1Malaysia Contemporary Art Tourism (MCAT), which will be a 3-month event held from July to September annually, aimed at attracting high-yield tourists. The MCAT initiative not only showcases the works of local artists, but will establish Malaysia as a hub for art in the region. In addition, the Fabulous Food 1 Malaysia, also a 3-month annual event, will display local best foods.

These initiatives will contribute towards achieving the target of 24 million tourist arrivals and receipts of RM59. 2 billion for 2010. Enhancing Information and Communication Technology Industry : ICT is a key driver to promote higher value-added sources of growth. Greater use of ICT will not only support growth but also improve productivity and competitiveness. Recognizing this, the Government continues to facilitate the development of the ICT industry through various initiatives such as upgrading information technology (IT) infrastructure and networks, increasing IT utilization across economic sectors and providing incentives. The industry is expected to gain greater growth momentum through projects under the NKEAs.

Broadband is a key enabler to spur the development of local content industry and e-commerce, while delivering economic benefits through increased productivity. To enhance demand for broadband, a series of measures were introduced, including tax relief for broadband subscriptions, promoting computer ownership as well as providing net book and broadband packages for students and the low-income group. The 1 OMP targets broadband penetration to reach 75% of households by end-2015 from 37. 5% as at end-June 2010. In addition, the roll-out of the High Speed Broadband (HSBB) project is expected to further boost the national broadband penetration rate. As of August 2010, there were 10,625 HSBB subscribers in the Klang Valley, Penang and Johor. A total of 1.

3 million premises nationwide are expected to have access to HSBB by 2012. Intensifying Halal Industry : Malaysia has the potential to further develop the halal industry. Towards this, the Government will amend the Trade Descriptions Act 1972 to empower the Department of Islamic Development Malaysia (JAKIM) and Majlis Agama Islam as authorities for halal certification. To ensure halal certificates issued are internationally recognised, JAKIM collaborated with several international halal certification bodies such as Australian Halal Food Services, Islamic Centre of the Argentine Republic, Islamic Food Council of Europe and China Islamic Association. In addition, the Halal Industry.

Development Corporation (HOC), which assisted in the development of Halal Parks in Kelantan, Melaka, Selangor and Terengganu, was corporatized as an agency under Ministry of International Trade and Industry (MITI) in October 2009, to enable it to function more effectively. HDC will continue its efforts in altercating and creating investment opportunities in the halal industry. Advancing Agriculture Sector : The Government introduced several measures in the 2010 Budget to modernize the agriculture sector as well as increase self-sufficiency and ensure food security. Under the National Food Security Programme, a sum of RM190. 8 million was allocated to upgrade and improve drainage and irrigation infrastructure for padi cultivation. As of July 2010, a total of RM75. 9 million was spent benefiting 8,345 farmers.

In addition, the construction of Paya Peda Dam Project to increase water supply to Skim Pengairan Padi in Besut commenced on 1 June 2010 and is expected to be completed by 2014. In order to modernise the aquaculture industry, 47 entrepreneurship-training programmes were held in the first seven months of 2010 benefiting 800 breeders. Efforts were also taken to implement the incubator programme to train and guide youths and graduates to be successful entrepreneurs. For this, an incubator centre in Kuala Kedah is under construction and is expected to be completed by April 2011. To enable entrepreneurs to export more agriculture produce, the Government took efforts to upgrade air cargo facilities.

In this regard, MASKargo upgraded its cargo facilities at Kuala Lumpur International Airport (KLIA) by expanding the warehouse area by about 5,700 square meters as well as introducing various IT initiatives to increase efficiency and to comply with international standards. Promoting Construction Industry : Development projects implemented by the Government will further increase the potential of the construction and building materials-related industries. In 2010, a sum of RM4. 7 billion was allocated for road and bridge projects as well as RM2. 6 billion for water supply and sewerage services. Among roads upgraded include Jalan Rawang to Tasek Puteri, Selangor; Jalan Ng. Buai –

Merinjau – Ulu Sepak in Betong, Sarawak and Jalan Kota Marudu – Marak Parak – Melinsau ¬Poring – Ranau, Sabah. Meanwhile, implementation of water supply and sewerage projects including the construction of treatment plants is ongoing in several states. Allocations were also provided for enhancing port and sea services in Pahang, Johor, labuan and Terengganu as well as for airport upgrading projects in Kota Kinabalu, labuan, Kuching, Sibu, Kota Bharu and Ipoh. Strengthening Pre-School Education : As early education is important in the pursuit of knowledge, the Government has decided to Incorporate pre-school education into the mainstream education system.

The NKRA on improving student outcomes has set a target of 72% enrolment in pre-schools by 2010 from 67% in 2009. In addition, the quality and number of pre-school teachers and assistants will be increased. As of August 2010, about 72% of children in the age cohort four to five were enrolled in pre-schools, including those managed by Ministry of Education, National Unity and Integration Department (JPNIN), Jabatan Kemajuan Masyarakat (KEMAS) and the private sector. Furthermore, training was provided to 2,060 pre-school teachers from the private sector and JPNIN . Improving Literacy and Numeracy : The NKRA target is to increase literacy and numeracy (LINUS) rate of year-one pupils to 90% in 2010 from 35. 0% and 450%, respectively in 2009.

As of August 2010, 650% of the pupils have achieved literacy and 74. 0% numeracy skills. Expert facilitators were placed in all District Education Departments to support language and mathematics teachers. New LINUS modules were also developed to enable students to comprehend concepts easily Creating Quality Schools: In efforts to further improve the standard of education, the Government introduced a new ranking to classify high-performing schools based on academic achievements and extracurricular activities. Thus far, 20 schools have been classified as high-performing schools.

These schools will be given flexibility in terms of curriculum and selection of staff as well as students to encourage innovation in management of schools and improve performance. In addition, an Incentive of RM700,000 will be given to the schools while RM1,000 and RM700, respectively, will be offered to each teacher in secondary and primary schools. High-performance schools will serve as a benchmark and are required to network with other schools within the vicinity by sharing facilities and expertise towards narrowing the performance gap. Combating Corruption: The Government continued to implement initiatives under the NKRAon corruption to enhance public trust as well as introduce greater transparency in Government administration.

In line with this, the Whistle Blower Act was approved on 6 May 2010 and gazetted on 10 June 2010. To improve transparency and value-for-money in Government Procurement, contract awards have been published in the My Procurement portal of the Ministry of Finance website since April 2010. As of October 2010, details 013,716 tender awards were available online. The Government issued guidelineson8 March 2010 to civil servants on the appropriate action to be taken with regard to support letters . In addition, to strengthen confidence and integrity, the Government is committed to expediting prosecution 01 corruption cases. For this, 14 Special Corruption Sessions Courts and four Special .

Corruption Appeal High Courts are under construction and due for completion by end-2010 Three sessions courts will be established in Kuala Lumpur,Selangor and Johor, while one sessions court will be set up in Pahang, Perak, Negeri Sembuan, Sabah and Sarawak, respectively Two appeal high courts will be located in Kuala Lumpur and one each in Selangor and Johor. Rationalization of subsidies : The Government is committed to restructuring subsidies to be better targeted to benefit the poor and vulnerable groups. As an initial step, on 15 July 2010, the Government restructured fuel and sugar subsidies. The subsidy on RON95 and diesel was reduced 5 sen per litre; RON9? will be subjected to a managed-float with the price determined by the automatic pricing mechanism; and liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) subsidy was also reduced by 10 sen per kilogramme.

Additionally, the price of sugar was adjusted upward by 25 sen per kilogramme. Intensifying Government Delivery System : The Special Task Force to Facilitate Business (PEMUDAH) has initiated several bold changes to improve public service delivery. For instance, the average time taken for registration of property at land offices was reduced from 144 days to one day. Meanwhile, with the establishment of new commercial courts, cases which previously took years to be resolved will now be disposed within nine months. The GTP aimed at improving the public delivery system significantly, was introduced as part of efforts to achieve Vision 2020. Specific ministries have been identified to ensure the NKRA targets under the GTP are achieved.

These include: fighting crime under Ministry of Home Affairs, combating corruption (Malaysian Anti-Corruption Commission), improving rural basic infrastructure (Ministry of Rural and Regional Development), improving urban public transport (Ministry of Transport), raising living standard of low-income households (Ministry of Women, Family and Community Development); and improving student outcomes (Ministry of Education). Meanwhile, the Performance Management and Delivery Unit (PEMANDU) was set up with expertise from the private and public sectors to monitor the progress of NKRA targets. Human capital development and training of public service personnel remain a priority. In September 2009, the Government launched a Cross-Fertilisation Programme with Government¬Linked Companies .

(GLCs) to enhance greater understanding of Government operations and business facilitation for better public-private cooperation. This programme is expected to inculcate strong leadership for employees at the management level. As of August 2010, a total of 38 officers, comprising 22 from Government and 16 from GLCs have participated in the programme. Focusing on Well-Being of the Rakyat: The well-being of the rakyat is of paramount importance to the Government. Concerted efforts have been taken to enhance public safety, improve income and quality of life, upgrade basic infrastructure in rural areas as well as improve public transport. Preventing Crime:

The Government is committed to ensuring public safety in order for the rakyat to live and work in a safe environment. The NKRA target for 2010 is to reduce the crime index by 5% and reported street crimes by 20%; reduce fear of crimes; prosecute an additional 2,000 violent crime offenders; and increase public satisfaction of police performance. In realizing the targets, the Government took several measures including the redeployment of policemen on desk duty to the core business of patrolling and maintaining security. A total of 6,751 police personnel were reassigned and 3,557 civil servants redeployed to provide administrative support to the police.

Apart from that, as of June 2010, 60 vans and 30 mini buses were stationed as mobile police bases in 50 crime hotspots. Meanwhile, a Balai League Table was established to rank police stations, based on crime-fighting effectiveness. To increase patrolling and improve police response in urban areas, an additional 404 motorcycles were provided as of September 2010. Given that the public has an important role in reducing crimes, the number of People’s Volunteer Corps (RELA) and Civil Defense Department members were increased significantly by 4,466 through the Feet-on-Street programme. In addition, community policing activities through Rukun Tetangga and Voluntary Patrol Scheme were enhanced, while the Rakan Cop programme was reactivated with 358,800 members.

Other initiatives include accelerating violent crime trials; convening night courts to charge offenders on the same day of the crime; installation of c1osed¬circuit televisions (CCTVs) in crime hotspots; local authorities to enhance maintenance of facilities such as lighting, fixing alarm systems as well as providing separate lanes for pedestrians and motorbikes with the aim to create safe townships. Following the measures undertaken to reduce crime, the Reported Crime Index and Street Crime Index fell 15. 0% and 39. 0%, respectively during the first nine months of 2010. A study conducted from December 2009 to May 2010 indicated that the fear of crimes decreased from 58. 5% to 55. 1 % and public satisfaction of police performance increased from 36. 1 % to 42.

1 %. Improving Income and Quality of Life: In efforts to increase income and raise the living standards of the rakyat,the 2010 Budget among others continued to provide resources for eradicating hardcore and urban poverty; assisting the poor and vulnerable groups; increasing home ownership; expanding public health facilities; and enhancing the social safety net. Assisting the Poor and Vulnerable Groups: In line with the target to reduce the poverty rate to 2. 8% by end-2010, intensified efforts have been made to enhance the earning capacity of the rural poor. In the 2010 Budget a total of RM90. 0 million was allocated for Skim Pembangunan Kesejahteraan Rakyat (SPKR) to implement income-enhancing, skills training and capacity building programmes.

As of August 2010, a total of RM14. 2 million was spent under Program Peningkatan Pendapatan benefiting 3,012 participants. Meanwhile, RM4. 1 million was spent under Program Latihan Kemahiran dan Kerjaya benefiting 441 trainees.

To improve education outcome, RM4. 8 million was spent under Program Kecemerlangan Pendidikan benefiting 7,000 students. Efforts were also undertaken to provide affordable housing and restore dilapidated houses. For this, RM30. 6 million was expended under Program Bantuan Rumah benefiting 1,368 households. An additional 3,320 participants have benefited from capacity building initiated through the Program Pembangunan Minda Insan with an expenditure of RM6. 5 million. Meanwhile, as of July 2010, a total of 3,255 women underwent skills training and entrepreneurship programme through the Department of Women’s Development and Amanah Ikhtiar Malaysia (AIM).

Of the total, 31. 0% completed training, while the rest are still undergoing training. Eradicating Urban Poverty: The Government allocated a total of RM48. 0 million to provide welfare assistance and support house rental payments for the urban poor. As of September 2010, RM17. 7 million was spent to assist 25,659 urban poor households. Furthermore, in April 2010, the Ministry of Federal Territories and Urban Wellbeing launched a Strategic Plan for the period 2010 – 2014, to address urban poverty in a holistic manner, including to assist households with monthly income below RM3,000. In addition, to support the urban poor venture into small businesses, RM60.

5 million was disbursed to 16,907 applicants under the Urban Micro Credit programme by AIM, during the first eight months of 2010. Increasing Home Ownership: Continuous efforts have been undertaken to provide affordable housing to the rakyat, particularly those in the low and middle-income groups. A total of 44,146 low-cost houses priced between RM21,500 and RM35,000 per unit have been offered for sale to current tenants by the Kuala lumpur City Hall (DBKL) and National Housing Department (JPN). As of August 2010, a total of 23,239 tenants have agreed to purchase the houses under the scheme. In addition, 61,136 low-cost houses were offered for rental under JPN, of which 47,984 houses were occupied.

To increase the purchasing power of house buyers, the Government launched the Flexible Housing Withdrawal scheme in August 2010 that enables EPF contributors to utilize current and future savings in Account 2 to obtain higher financing. As an important initiative in encouraging home ownership, the Government established Syarikat Jaminan Kredit Perumahan (SJKP) inDecember 2007, to guarantee bank loans of those without fixed income. As of September 2010, SJKP has guaranteed 2,033 housing loans amounting to RM96. 4 million. Expanding Public Health Facilities: In 2010, a sum of RM3. 6 billion was allocated to build and upgrade hospitals and clinics. As of August 2010, a total of RM1. 7 billion was spent for expansion of the National Heart Institute (IJN), construction of hospitals in Tampin, Kluang and Tampoi as well as upgrading hospitals in Batu Pahat and Kota Bharu.

In addition, 51 premises were converted into 1 Malaysia Clinics in selected urban areas of Selangor, Kuala lumpur, Penang and Johor. As of August 2010, a total of 808,831 patients received treatment in 1 Malaysia Clinics nationwide, averaging 70 patients per day. Enhancing Social Safety Net: The Government remains committed to providing welfare assistance for the disabled, senior citizens and single mothers. To enhance self-employment and employability of the disabled, RM75. 3 million was spent for the implementation of Community Based Rehabilitation Programme, which benefited 18,943 disabled persons as of September 2010.

In addition, a total of RM3. 3million was expended for the construction and upgrading of four Taman Sinar Harapan for t