Law making is the procedures of establishing and creating the rules and orders to be followed by the citizens of a certain state. The aim of law is to maintain civil sovereignty, through fighting for peace, tranquility and harmony in the broad state activities. The basic law document in any state is the constitution which encapsulates all other areas of concern in the state governance providing a way of governance and interactions in the arms of state leaders to provide peace and harmony for the people and state structures.
In the due process of making law, various administrative agencies and interest groups plays a predominant role in ensuring that the specific law arrived at is functional and fountain in exercise of sovereignty by the people. Such agencies and groups fight for humanistic law structures which are vulnerable in providing better authorities for applicability within the people’s domain.
Generally, many laws and acts of the parliaments arise as the policy decision made by the national government where their policies will have their roots on the various political goals and regulations of the prevailing government powers. Such Acts are reciprocal of the government Bills which are brought out by various government ministries. (Furlong, Kerwin, 2005)
Broadly, interest groups may be defined or described as groups organized in a manner whose existence is to provide a permanent representation of the particular interests of the people. Their aim is to influence the legislation process rather than putting out their candidates for the election process. These are also the lobby groups who come in to fight and scramble for specific legal parameters in the due process of national law making. Interest group varies in intensity.
They can be huge groups representing a wide scale of the individual population or may be small represented only by a small group of households. The basic aim allied to pressure groups in any country is to formulate influence to the makers of the law and decisions. They provide an adequate means of human participation in the frontiers of the national political will. The forces are able to create amendment in the governmental ruling and change the prevailing legislative support.
Through their collaborative powers, they help to change the discriminative ruling by the governments and various constitutional legislatures. Depending on the state diversity, interest groups may come in a broad manner. These include the labour unions fighting for the workers, religious groups, and various population sects within the state such as the youth, aged, disabled, and women above others, the business population and human activists. (Furlong, Kerwin, 2005)
In the US, interest groups may both be organized or unorganized whose campaign ensures seeking the promotion of the particular interests allied to its activity through the exertion of pressure on the law making process by the different officials of the government and law making agencies. Their efforts are directed toward providing an influential capacity to the legislative system and the government executive structures, the will of the political party above that of the public opinion of the law making process. The major area of concern in the US interest groups is to look at the congress in its process of legislative making.
With the diversity in the interest groups in the US, the National Association of Manufacturers (NAM) and the American Association of Retired Persons (AARP) provide a good foundation in to the basic examples of the groups fighting for the interest of the people.
The AARP is an American organization whose campaign is on the positive changes in the social dimensions hence improving value of those aged 50 years and above. Through the same motive and campaigning power, they comes out to look after the inhuman and inadequate state legislative authority whose effect affect the old people. It is amongst the US powerful interest groups. It has a membership of around 40 million participants.
The group is concerned with addressing the various Federal legislative issues whose effect is on the old people. The birth of the group came about at the verge of many inequalities borne of the federal legislative which compromised the social status and the political will of the old persons. Its activities include initiatives by multitude blocks aimed at providing lobbying efforts to streamline the broad national legislation and political authority whose influence may act to deter the proficiency in the exercise of their social life.
Through its campaign, it seeks to streamline various legislative requirements by the federal constitution on the old people. It seeks to campaign on various programs within the law making process in which case they can be provided with the national security, empowerment in their old age activities and protection measures for their lives. Either, their campaign is instituted in the government taxing system of their income where the low income earners enjoy legislative tax exemptions. It has a litigation staff with which it seeks protections of the legal rights and requirements of them as compromised by the federal legislation.
It also monitors the political will so that any political governance is spearheaded by the zeal to provide adequate machinery into the running of the state machinery. Through its campaign tool, it has been able to fundamentally influence the congress legal structure which compromises the social changes and development within the American society. Various government laws have been superimposed above new creation and models following the broad voicing of the AARP. (Strussen, Samuels, 2004)
The National Association of Manufacturers whose foundation is dated back in 1895, is an interest group allied to giving shape to the congress legislative structure and the regulatory conditions which affect the status of the manufactures within the US. It was developed as a refuge of the thrilling legislative requirements which were pronounced by the congress requiring the manufactures to abide by coherently discretional rules. Some of the rules only acted as a chief source of operational losses and uneconomical state of the manufacturing within the US. It has acted as a lobby group putting forward many issues about the manufacturing industry to the federal legislation. (Hay, 2001)
Through its lobbying foundations, it has been able to provide a better legal foundation for the commercial legislation about the manufacturing industry. Its membership includes more than 14000 companies across the United States. It campaigns for an upright in the interest of the state manufactures that are affected differently by the legislative and political structure of the US. Through its lobbying activity, it fights for adequacy in the state commercial legislation which should give an allowance for applicable modalities in the company ownership. (Strussen, Samuels, 2004)It seeks to promote a sound congress rule in the operational requirement of the companies, the taxing system, cost of activity and other requirements provided for the manufacturing company.
Since its formation, it aims at shaping the congress legislative protocol about the manufacturers to provide a coherently good environment for high competition of its members. Elsewhere, it sanctions a regulatory system of environment for the manufacturing industry which is adaptive to the US rate and state of economic growth.
Through its campaigns it seeks to provide conditions with which policy makers do not compromise adequate conditions within its economic state which provide the best condition for company performance. It seeks to strike an understanding into the laws and regulations ascribed to the sale and provision of the basic factors of production such as labor and material resources. Through a memorandum of understanding between it and the federal government, it has highly contributed to the broad structure of formulating various labor laws for the manufacturing industry within the US. (Strussen, Samuels, 2004)
For both the AARP and the NAM, their activities are the same and involved in the lobbying process into the policy making state of the US. For both, their activities are aimed at influencing the decisions of the executive powers since their bureaucratic nature have a highly discretionary influence in the implementation process of legislations. Their effort helps to positively influence the structure in the law formation in the United. Their efforts are discretionary respected within the federal structure for providing a better campaign in due process of instituting the legal system than the basic opinion of the public populations.
They are good actors in spearheading the political will and system of governance in the states. Interest groups have their target on political parties. Their influence is on the broad public interest and not on election of specific political candidate interest groups who will avoid much involvement in specific political parties. Both of them have shaped the broad public opinion through use of campaigns which help to shape the nature of the political scenery. (Strussen, Samuels, 2004)
Broadly therefore, interest groups have much to do with the shaping and the structure of the broad factor of the law making process within a certain state. Their campaigns define the legitimate nature with which the government would imperatively structure its laws.
Furlong, S & Kerwin, C. (2005) Interest Group Participation in Rule Making. A Decade of Change. Journal of Public Administration Research and Theory, Vol 15
Hay, R. (2001) Who Speaks for the Poor: National Interest Groups and Social Policy. London: Routledge.
Strussen, N & Samuels, S. (2004) First among Friends: Interest Groups, the US Supreme Court, and the Right to Privacy. Westport, CT: Praeger.