The issue of human behaviour has been a curious topic for many researchers. The reason behind criminal acts by individuals continues to attract many scholars into researching about it. Crimes like murder robbery, theft rape among others have been pinned on environmental factors and psychological factors. Some researchers also suggest that some crimes are performed by individuals who are genetically programmed to commit those crimes. However the issue on juvenile crime (delinquency) has not been given enough attention as it ought to.
This paper takes a closer look at juvenile delinquency and the role of the school and home determining delinquent behaviour. Various issues surrounding the topic will also be explored for instance, the offenses highly committed by juvenile, and factors contributing to juvenile delinquency types of juvenile delinquency among others. Introduction Juvenile delinquency refers to criminal acts (violent or non violent) committed by minors. A minor is someone who has not reached the legally recognized age. In the United States this age is 18 years.
The causal factors behind juvenile delinquency are many although there are major causes that out rightly stand out, for instance, substance abuse and mental illness. Juvenile crimes have a high correlation with mental disorders as a high number of those minors imprisoned testify to having used some form of drugs at the time of the crime. According to several reports published on the subject, juvenile delinquents incarcerated for heinous crimes about 15-20% of them suffer mental illness. These cases go unnoticed by parents and teachers as they are confused with ill-discipline or waywardness.
Notably, lack of intervention in terms of treatment for mental illness or rehabilitation from substances abuse leads to the progression of delinquent behaviour into adulthood. Peer pressure is another reason that spurs delinquent behaviour. This is especially true for late onset of delinquent behaviour among teenagers. Often, teenagers feel that they have to perform a crime in order to get attention from peers or from parents. Juvenile delinquency is a cry for help, especially in teenagers who come from homes where parents are too preoccupied to care about them.
Additionally, it may be due to permissiveness on the part of the parents, whereby teenagers have plenty of liberty without close monitoring from parents or guardians. Psychologists accrue juvenile delinquency to attention disorders. This disorder is characterized by behaviors such as deviance, rule breaking, impulsiveness and aggression. For juvenile affected by this disorder, early onset of delinquency is evident right from elementary to adulthood. According to psychologist, these individuals perceive hostile intentions from others and become violent as a reflex defense mechanism.
For these teenagers it is extremely difficult to disentangle annoyance from threats in the environment and thus it is very difficult for them to fit in the society or school. The kinds of offenses mostly committed by juveniles include drug abuse, bullying and school violence, violation of road traffic laws, shoplifting, and robbery with violence and without violence and assaults. Other offenses like truancy and misbehaviors like aimless loitering also contribute offenses by juveniles