Who are the majority, males or females, in juvenile delinquency in relation with general and sex offences? The quasi-experimental design of quantitative research is the most suitable design that should be used in this case because it will show the exact figures and facts about juvenile delinquency amongst children and the youth. Juvenile delinquents are increasing at a very fast rate across the United States of America and in other parts of the world, mostly the underdeveloped countries. The youth under the age of intellectual maturity which is eighteen years are the most common in this vice.
Youth delinquents account for 30% of the total criminal cases in the whole of the USA. The nature of their offences vary from one age group to another and their status in society, and the quasi-experimental design is the most suitable as it helps unravel the puzzle this trend brings.
The other factor that is considered to necessitate the use of this research design is the many diffences that there are between children and youth delinquents and their various racial, educational, economic, religious and even geographical settings and status while trying to identify juvenile delinquents and the type of offences they commit, taking into Consideration the ones they commit more often. (George 1980) Various researchers have ventured into this field using different designs but none can beat quasi-experimental design in quantitative research about this topic because it investigates thoroughly all areas and samples the results with a view to coming up with the exact results and a practical course of action towards finding a solution which is the essence of any research work.
Earlier researchers have identified that that amongst the children and youth delinquents, the males fall culprit to all types of offences ranging from sex related offences to robbery and gun crimes more than does the females, in fact, in triple digits. Research by clinical psychologists (George, 1983) has established the actual figures; boys account for 20% of all child molestation cases in the USA. For sex offences, the males record a staggering 93% compared to their female counterparts who are rated at between 7-11%. This prompts us to turn attention to this section of the group given these figures.
Delinquents are getting more and more involved in vices that were previously committed by adults. The males, worse still, commit 16. 7% of total forcible rape alongside the 20. 61% of other sexual offences and child molestation offences. The quasi- quantitative design will fall short of calling them hardcore criminals, sex pests or predators or even pedophiles while they indeed are so as not to prejudice or influence e the outcome of the research study.
This is just an inside picture of the extent to which the rot in our society has grown amongst our children and youth and as such urgent and decisive measures need to be taken to arrest the situation. This design puts together findings from all key areas of the society. These include all communal institutions like the school, the church , social groups and the family. More accurate and upto date results are best achieved using this design. Comparative studies to establish the key causes of these vices are established and a recommendation for the measures to take is given.
For example; it has been established that children and youth who result to delinquent behavior will most likely have once or on more occasions been victims of the same ( Green & Goff, 2003) for example in the case of a youth who defiles a younger one will himself have been a victim of defilement mostly, while a child. Data is very crucial here so that the one to implement the recommendations take the right and most practical method. Accurate data on the number and percentage of the delinquents compared to the adults the who engage in similar crimes is very in determining whether there is an increase of a decline or an increase and what to expect following the identified trends.
Why do males register the highest number of juvenile delinquencies? Qualitative study will bear fruit in identifying the root causes of delinquent behaviour in children and youth who are below the age of eighteen, the accepted age of consent in the USA and most other countries around the globe. The use of the right method ensures that a relevant solution is found and put in to use to end or to manageable levels this problem which threatens to consume a certain generation of the society, Leading to a generation gap. The method to use in this research case is the phenomenal approach.
The areas to be covered are all communal institutions such as the home, the church, the schools, social groups and other related communal settings. This research method will aim at finding recommendations on the way forward. The advantage here is that all the areas are analyzed in a critical manner and all the relevant groups are looked at thoroughly to eliminate any room for the benefit of the doubt. All the areas of the society and the factors that influence behavioral change in children and youths are to be looked at carefully. Relevant questions here are asked; why do more males become delinquents more than females do?
Some factors such as peer influence, stress resulting from high expectations by parents to post better grades in school, hard lives due to harsh economic realities need to be researched into for the desired results to be achieved and for a workable solution to be found. The fact that it has been established many delinquents are as a result of their conduct and relation with the immediate environment (Gall et al, 2003) begs for attention to be given to some questions like; why did an otherwise quiet and well behaved child suddenly become a bully to a point of committing homicide or how come a straightforwardly religious boy from a religious family decide to be the leader of a deadly street gang?
What made the loving girl seated next desk gorge her bosom friends eye out? These and many other questions form the phenomenological method of research into this topic and it is guaranteed to give the finest of details as to why children and youths become delinquents, for example if it is out of own choice or pure ignorance. 3. What are the causes of juvenile delinquency?
Taking the mixed research strategy (quantitative and qualitative), the best results any research case can get are achieved. Going out to the masses to study their study their social lives, interacting with them to get a clue on what influences their behaviour, interviewing a selected group on this topic and reading extensively about the trends and ways of life of the community is part of this double strategy. The percentages of any group being compared with another should be indicated against the exact figures for easy identification, and eventual execution of the action plan thereof crafted.
The affected group is also included in this part so as to have an insider knowledge. The execution of all the findings will be highly successful with the application of the combined method approach because all areas that are researchable are thoroughly exhausted.
REFERENCES Gall et al (2003). Educational research: An introduction. (7th Edition). White Plains, New York: Longman. George, (1980) The Principles of PsychologyHarvard University Press. Green. & Groff, (2003). Early psychological thought: Ancient accounts of mind and soul. Westport, Connecticut.