If a crime that is committed by a juvenile is a serious crime, such as murder or rape, if the juvenile is over the age of thirteen they can be tried in an adult court. Bail is usually not available for juveniles. They must prove to the courts that they are not a flight risk, nor a danger to the community. The general public is usually not allowed in the court room during juvenile proceedings as to protect the juvenile’s rights of being a minor. Juvenile cases are more informal than adult cases, some of the rules involved in court proceedings are not as strict as those of adult proceedings.
Juveniles do not have a public trial by jury, they are not prosecuted for committing crimes, but rather delinquent acts. Once the court decides the penalty for the delinquent act then the juvenile could be sent away to a rehabilitation home or work camp. These homes are there for the rehabilitation of the juveniles so that they may enter back into society, hopefully never to return to the home. Sometimes they do and sometimes they don’t. Another type of penal correction is sort of a new one where the juvenile goes to boot camp. Officers put the juveniles through the same routine as if they were recruits that just joined the Army.
This type of punishment instills discipline into the juveniles, so they may better themselves to go back into society. Juvenile delinquency, also known as juvenile offending, or youth crime, is participation in illegal behavior by minors who fall under a statutory age limit. Most legal systems prescribe specific procedures for dealing with juveniles, such as juvenile detention centers and courts. A juvenile delinquent is a person who is typically under the age of 18 and commits an act that otherwise would have been charged as a crime if they were an adult.
Although persons under 18 can also be charged and tried as adults, depending on the type of offense committed. ‘Siegel, Larry J. , and Brandon Welsh. Juvenile Delinquency: The Core. ‘ 4th ed. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/cengage Learning, 2011. Print. The recent rise in juvenile delinquents has surpassed the rates of juveniles of the past. More kids are committing serious crimes than ever before, therefore creating more need for juvenile detention centers and professional staff to man these facilities to help train these juveniles on what to do and not to do in society.
In recent years, the average age for first arrest has dropped significantly, and younger boys and girls are committing these crimes. Between 60-80% percent of adolescents, and pre- adolescents engage in some form of juvenile offending. These can range from status offenses (such as underage smoking), to property crimes, to violent crimes. The percent of teens who offend is so high that it would seem to be a cause for worry. However, juvenile offending can be considered normative adolescent behavior. This is because most teens tend to offend by committing non-violent crimes, only once or a few times, and only during adolescence.
It is when adolescents offend repeatedly or violently that their offending is likely to continue beyond adolescence, and become increasingly violent. It is also likely that if this is the case, they began offending, and displaying antisocial behavior, even before reaching adolescence. Juvenile delinquency develops during a period between childhood and adolescence. As time went by children were growing up in different lifestyles. In the early 1900’s children were taught to go out and work to help support their families.
In the mid 1900’s children started learning about their own independence and went out and made money for their own personal wants. We as a society were so busy with our own lives that we neglected to care about the needs of our children if they wanted money they got it. The minute they were denied the money they found other means of obtaining it themselves, so they opted to steal from people, and once that was in their system it took over. Juvenile status offenses occur when a juvenile is charged or adjudicated for their conduct in the municipality of which the crime was committed they would not be charged as an adult.
Usually Juvenile status offenses include chronic or persistent truancy, running away, not taking orders from people of higher authority, violating curfew laws, being caught with alcohol or tobacco. Most of the problems with Juveniles comes from upbringing or family life. When a child is brought up in homes where there is violence or alcohol issues, more than likely they will grow up with the same problems. Some states punish the parents for offenses that their child has made, while other states have facilities for juveniles to go to serve their punishment.
Some courts have the juvenile’s report to do work details to work off their punishment. To reduce juvenile crime, I believe education is very important. We need to teach the children of today that it is not ok to steal, fight, vandalize, and disrespect each other. Ever since they banned the use of paddling in school the kids today have no respect for teachers or principals, and as far as at home, there is a level of discipline that I feel is ok, parents do not need to hit their children until they bleed, a little swat will get their attention. In order for us to be able to handle our children there needs to be discipline.
Most kids now will yell child abuse if you even give them a little swat, my feeling is that they are laughing in your face when this happens because they know of the trouble that the parents can get into. I also feel that talking to children works well too. When you whind up punishing a child through physical force like beating them to make them understand, what are we teaching that child, that it is ok to hit their children in order for them to be respected by that child, hitting is wrong so we shouldn’t do that to children, because it leads them to violent lifestyles, that could put them in jail.