Delinquency and Waiver Petitions The two petitions received from the prosecutors by the juvenile court include: 1. The Delinquency Petitions and 2. The Waiver Petitions. In case of delinquency petition, the petitioner asks a judge to legally declare a youth or a juvenile offender as a delinquent in the technical and legal context. While in case of a waiver petition, the petitioner asks the juvenile court whether to surrender its authority over a case that might, owing to a previous example or law, making it fall within its jurisdiction and thus shift it over to a criminal court.
(Juvenile Justice NYI, n. p. n. d. ) Current Standpoint in the Juvenile Justice System The famous gun control laws ever since 1990s have been a controversial subject. Also many reforms since have been made like new rules and regulations for schools; the youth criminals or the juvenile offenders sent to adult prison; and the combating of the drug use being pushed through the state laws. The current juvenile justice system has been found to lack in many areas and therefore does not respond successfully to the present need the US society.
The current juvenile justice system therefore is a very weak system because it is encountered with discouraging prevalence of crime and the lack of funds for carrying out its various preventive programs. Also there is a sharp dispute and discontentment over the issues underlying its basic foundation. A number of issues with which America is struggling with pertain to the practical and ideological perspective of the juvenile justice system. These questions include: 1. What age is legal for a juvenile to be held accountable for his or her deeds? 2.
Is it legally allowed to punish and treat the adults and the minor offenders on equal grounds? 3. Can the juveniles be given a death penalty? 4. Are guardians or parent responsible for the offenses and crimes of the youth under their guardianship, and to what extent? 5. Why large portion of the prison inmates is comprised of the minority only? 6. Is it suitable in any case for the parents to care for their children at home and bear all their financial needs instead of the state to look after them? 7. Are prisons the right and safe place for the juvenile to stay put? 8. Is imprisonment of juveniles in any way a productive measure?
9. Do the youth have a right to privacy or confidentiality? However, the policy makers, engaged in the research for creating suitable programs, are quite hopeful that the innovative strategies will definitely bring down the crime rate in the years lying ahead. The objective of the current U. S. policy is to strike a healthy balance between the public safety and efficient and orderly settlement of the youth so that they may become a law-abiding citizens on the one hand and the juvenile courts may seek to make befitting recommendations for the juvenile offenders caught in different situations.
(Juvenile Justice FYI, n. p. n. d. ) Summary The criminal laws ever since their inception have been revolving around one idea and that is bringing the criminals and the wrong-doers to task and bringing to them justice which may prove beneficial for the rest of the society. The idea behind punishment is therefore to uphold law and order and to establish respect for the authority. This hypothesis carries two aspects of punishments as: a) Upholding the law b) Setting precedents so that others may not commit the same crimes in future.
Various notable personalities of the past who made research in the field of criminology lay emphasis on the need of improving: 1. The performance of criminal justice agencies. 2. The police 3. The courts 4. The correctional institutions. They stress upon better education and well coordinated police in order to exert effective control on juvenile crimes. They also emphasis on the reformation process to re-settle the youth who are habitual criminals. But unfortunately this rehabilitation of the habitual criminals could not be made because of the current prison situations.
They also hold that the right structured programs for different juvenile offenders could improve and speed up the rehabilitation process. Since the nature of crime in individual youth criminal vary widely acceding to the each economic and social background, one particular treatment can not be applied to all criminals at the same time. Since the late 1970’s there has been a tendency in the United States and some other countries towards punishment instead of rehabilitating the youth criminals.
Ever since ban on death penalty has been lifted by the Supreme Court of the United States in 1976, capital punishments by the courts has been the order of the day. To prevent people from committing crimes, many criminologists agree that prevention in crime should be aimed at preventing individuals from becoming habitual criminals. This, according to them, would be the only way by which reforms programs in the inner city areas and slums can be implemented.
Such programs and reforms may include the improved housing, recreational activities, better schools and lucrative jobs for the youngsters. The many other ways to reduce crime rate in juveniles include; better education to people for their profound understanding about the vicious effects of the crime and how they can protect themselves from such effects. For instance they can be taught how to safeguard their houses and families from burglars and intruders. Also a better lighting system within their homes, streets, parks and neighborhood would contribute to the overall safety or the area.
Lastly strict laws pertaining gun-control and possessing private small arms can very effectively reduce crimes among the youth of the nation. (Taylor, Robert W. , n. p. n. d. ) Conclusion In the United States and some other countries, there has been a trend since the late 1970’s toward punishment rather than rehabilitation of offenders. Prison sentences are longer. Capital punishment has been used more frequently since the Supreme Court of the United States lifted a death penalty ban in 1976.
In some Islamic countries, judges order mutilation or death for a number of offenses. Most experts agree that crime prevention should aim to prevent people from becoming criminals in the first place. Such a goal probably would benefit from reform programs in urban slums. These programs would include improved housing, schools, and recreation programs and increased job opportunities. There are also other ways to reduce child crime. can be educated or persuaded to take greater precautions against crime. They can be taught, for example, how to protect their homes from burglary.
Automobile thefts would drop sharply if more drivers simply removed their keys and locked their cars when leaving them. Better lighting help discourage purse-snatchings and other robberies on city streets and in parks. Many experts believe that strict gun-licensing laws greatly reduce crime. The Concluding Rhetoric And last but not the least is the religious or divine factor that plays a very important role in inculcating discipline into the lives of unruly youth of today. The religious training can be given at home and even at state level.
According to experts, anthropologists and divine scholars, the best way to prevent crimes is to bring about change in the individuals from within and not from without. A famous saying goes: one man can take a horse to the well, but twenty cannot make him drink. When they will start believing truth; reality and sublime human qualities from their heart and soul, and when they develop deep in their conscience about the faith of accountability to God Almighty in here and hereafter, then only can one expect a dramatic change and a better society to emerge. (Taylor, Robert W. , n. p. n. d. )