Abstract The innovation plan of the Hong Kong government has been enforced since 1999. However, the existing policies attach much importance to innovation of biochemistry and information and communications technology (ICT). The needs of infrastructure innovation have long been overlooked. As a consequence, in terms of the contract requirement as well as specification of the government construction project and the evaluation of the tender, some recommendations, modifications of the innovation plan would be discussed in this paper.
Introduction Infrastructure is the basic physical and organizational structures need for the operation of a society or enterprise. The term typically refers to the technical structure that supports a society, such as roads, water supply, reclamation and sewers. Many firms in the Engineering, Construction (Gann and Salter, and film industries (Davenport, 2006; Defillippi and Arthur, 1998) are project based). Hong Kong has evolved from a small fishing village into an entrepot, and was later developed into a centre for manufactunory industries.
In 1999, Hong Hong government is making efforts to establish the city as an innovation and technology by providing word-class soft and hard infrastructure. This year Asia’s top city this year was Hong Kong (18) followed by Tokyo (20). The raise of Asian centers was largely attributed by the analysts, to renewed rail and infrastructure investment by Asian cities. Literature review In 1999, the Innovation and Technology Fund (ITF).
It aims to support projects that contribute to innovation and technology upgrading in industry. There are four programmes under the ITF to cater for different needs. Innovation and Teahnology Support Programme; University-Industry Collaboration Programme; General Support Programme; Small Entrepreneur Research Assistance Programme.. In 2000, the Hong Kong Applied Science and Technology Research Institute Company Limited perform relevant and high quality R&D for transfer to industry for commercialization.
The Innovation and technogy Commission (ITC) with mission to spearhead Hong Kong‘s drive to become a world-class together with helps support infrastructure to facilitate technological upgrading and development of the industry, knowledge –based economy In 2001, the Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation target sectors are electronics: information technology and telecommunications; biotechnology; precision engineering; green technology.. In 2006, under the 2004 strategy, the ITC set up five R&D technology focus areas.
Namely automotive parts and accessory systems; information and communications technology; logistics and supply chain management enabling technologies; nanotechnology and advanced materials; and textiles and clothing. 2009- The Hong Kong Council for testing and certification to drive the development of the industry, to raise its professional standards and to enhance the recognition of the industry in the international area by building up a brand for Hong Kong’s testing and certification services.
In April 2010, the government set up a Research and Development (R&D) Cash Rebate Scheme to assist enterprise conducting applied R&D projects with the support of the Innovation and Technology Fund or by alliance with designated local research institutions. The Hong Kong government is supporting the construction of science and technology parks and has already completed phases 1 and 2. The phase 3 will be developed and completed on 2016. Finding / results To compare with other country Hong Kong is low input in the research and development expenditure (% of GDP).
Figure A. The figure B clearly indicates that the GDP (%) by Economic Activity 2005 Hong Kong has imbalanced economic structure. The marking scheme for tender evaluation for the Public Civil Engineering Work, the innovation technical submission by the contractor would not recommended for the acceptance in the tender. See Figure C. In view of the above, the innovation plan is designed for the social, personal services and communications industries but lack of consideration in to the Civil Engineering Government project. Conclusions
With the inadequate support from the authority, change and improvement of the innovation planning is inevitable and pressing in order to encourage innovative infrastructure in Hong Kong. By modifying contract requirement of the public infrastructure project and the evaluation of the tender, innovation ideas will be encouraged, whereas the traditional methods of construction would be reviewed Moreover, in addition to the innovation planning, the government can also support the domestic research and development of the novel construction material and establishment of some new programs related innovative infrastructure in some local universities.
Suggestion for further work a. Tender evaluation of public construction work – Tender’s proposed innovation of the method of construction shall be taking into account. the tender with the highest overall score would be recommended. The recommended tender is fully including innovation, technically, commercially and financially capable of undertaking the Contract.. b. Pay for innovation work item – An innovation method or construction material is to be used for the Works.
The innovation work design is provisional item in the Bill Quantity. The Contractor may at any time during the continuance of the Works propose to the client in respect of a part of the Works. c. Innovation management scheme – The innovation management scheme would be inserted in the Contract requirement. Contractor shall be complying with the innovation management scheme. d The Hong Kong Science and Technology Parks Corporation and Hong Kong Cyberport should be merged to centralize.
e. Innovation award system for the infrastructure field could be established to encourage people and more flexible research environment should be provided to the research centers and universities. f. Universities should become the major R &D arm of the economy, while the industry is encouraged to deal with the proposed Innovation Bridge Centre to establish cooperation with local and overseas universities and research institutions. References
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Walsh (2010) : IAMOT and Education : defining a Technology and Innovation management Body of knowledge. Civil Engineering Government Contract (2010): General Conditions of Contract Clause 1(1) and Special Conditions of Contract S. C. C. 15 (C). Appendix [pic] Figure A – The GDP (%) by Economic Activity 2005 by Hong Kong. [pic] Figure B – Input – Research and Development Expenditure GDP (%) [pic] Figure C – The marking scheme for tender evaluation in the Civil Engineering work for Public Works.