History. Appeasement Policy

Battle of Britain Winston Churchill says that Britain will not negotiate for peace. Hitler plans Operation Sea Lion, the invasion of Britain. Devastating air attacks were followed by the landing of German troops. 500 airmen lost their lives but they denied the Nazis control of the air and the invasion of Britain was prevented. Japanese Fascism Encouraged fanatical devotion to military values and to the emperor Violently nationalist, racist, anti-communism and anti-democratic. Assassinated their political opponents or frightened them into silence.

School children were indoctrinated in fascist values and forced to take part in military training. European Fascism Intense nationalism, with the desire to expand its territory Support for imperialism, believing some nations had rights to rule others Racism, believing some races were superior to others Violent opposition to communism and socialism Contempt for parliamentary democracy, believing dictators should rule Glorification of war and violence as a means of achieving their aims Use education and propaganda to indoctrinate.

Facts The enabling act is how hitler gained power legally and became a dictator German communists, socialists and other anti-nazi groups were the first to be sent to concentration camps Japan and Germany became allies in 1936 and Italy joined the pact in 1937 The Appeasement policy was when the western democracies gave into Japan, Germany and Italy in order to satisfy them and prevent war Britain declared war on Germany when Germany invaded Poland.

The battle of Britain denied Germany control of the air and the invasion of Britain was prevented The rats of Tobruk were the rulers of Tobruk The Australian troops became POW’s when they were captured in war by Germany and Japan The Kokada track went from Port Moresby all the way to the mountains of Owen Stanley Range John Curtin was the prime minister of Australia in 1941 The Australia’s Women Army Service had the most enlistments with 31,000 Allied landing took place on the french coast on D-Day.

Hiroshima and Nagasaki were the two Japanese cities that atomic bombs were dropped on Bergen-Belsen, Buchenwald and Auschwitz were in Germany Events that caused fear in Australia Bombing of Darwin, 1942 February Fall of Singapore because Singapore were seen as an impregnable fortress and now Australia were exposed and more vulnerable.

Sightings of Submarines around Australia’s coasts Japan moved quickly Rationing Controlling the distribution of goods when there is a shortage in supply People placed their names on a list if they needed any household goods Ration tickets were issued Coast Watches Establishment of the volunteer defense corps Rearmament When Germany began re-arming in 1934, many politicians felt that Germany had a right to re-arm in order to protect herself It was also argued that a stronger Germany would prevent the spread of communism to the west.

The Rhineland In 1936, Hitler argued that because France had signed a new treaty with Russia, Germany was under threat from both countries and it was essential to German security that troops were stationed in the Rhineland France was not strong enough to fight Germany without British help and Britain were not prepared to go to war at this point Furthermore, many believed that since the Rhineland was a part of Germany it was reasonable that German Troops were stationed there.

Neville Chamberlain In May 1932, Neville Chamberlain became prime minister of Britain He felt that the Treaty of Versailles had treated Germany badly He felt that giving into Hitler’s demands would prevent war This policy, adopted by Chamberlain, was known as the appeasement policy The Munich Agreement was a notable example of appeasement of September 1938 The Munich Agreement.

The Munich Agreement agreed that the Sudebenland would be returned to Germany and that no further territorial claims would be made by Germany The Czech government was not invited to the conference and complained about the loss of their land They felt they had been betrayed by both Germany and France Munich Agreement was seen as making peace through negotiations rather than war Munich Agreement Broken.

When Hitler invaded the rest of Czechoslovakia, in March 1939, he broke the terms of the Munich Agreement The Appeasement policy had failed but Britain were still not prepared for war So Chamberlain made an agreement to come to Poland’s aid if they were to be invaded by Hitler Appeasement – Why? Fear of communism Lack of military readiness The cost of war Belief that Hitler’s aims were limited The apparent legality of Hitler’s actions Public hostility towards the idea of another war.