The most vulnerable members of the society, who are children should be protected against hate crimes. It is necessary to involve board members, teachers, parents and children in the preventative measure against hate crimes. The teachers must also be trained on how to respond to hate crimes, in the event that they occur in the school environment. The school curricular should focus on preventing this form of harassment against peers who are viewed to be 'abnormal'. All stakeholders should realize that if this behavior is not controlled within the early stages of development of children, it will never cease to exist.
It is important to put in place strict legislation which is punitive and discourages hate crimes. This legislation should be harsh enough to act as a deterrent to the commission of these crimes. This should be done to protect the democratic gains which have been made over the years and to prevent the disintegration of society. However, it is important to define what hate crime is clearly in law, in order to prevent victimization of people who commit ordinary crime. Another step which should be taken is to organize forums for people who belong to these hate groups, together with their victims.
It is important that the offenders talk to their victims in order to see that the impression created of these victims is false, and that they are normal as any other people in the society. This will bridge the difference which are between the offenders and their victims. It also will minimize the conflicts which are present in the day to day activities of people who belong to these social groups. The motivation factors should be addressed in order to reduce incidences of hate crimes. The past historical injustice should be clearly explained in order to reduce cases of alteration of this information.
The causal factors such as economic inequalities should be addressed through welfare programs which are aimed at correcting these inequalities. However, it is important to empower the people in these programs through provision of employment in order to prevent them from being dependent on assistance and being a burden to the rest of society. Care should also be taken to prevent an instance where the benefits to the immigrant groups supersede opportunities which are enjoyed by native speakers, since this will only serve to reverse the gains made, and native people will start attacking immigrants.
Finally, the means of propagating hate group agenda or ideologies should be monitored with an aim of preventing dissemination of hate messages by hate groups. Websites and blogs which are associated with hate messages should be shut down by the government and the owners prosecuted in a court of law. Any person or people who publishes hate content should similarly be arrested and charged in a court of law, since it is a major means through which the minds of people are poisoned and introduced to hate ideology.
References. Bernhardt, W. (2003). Hate Crime. Chicago: Ballantine Books. Creswell, J. W. (2001). Qualitative inquiry and research design: Choosing from five traditions. Retrieved on February 21, 2009 from <books. google. com. Creswell, J. W. (2002). Research Design: Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Method Approaches. New York: SAGE Creswell, J. W. (2000). Research design: Quantitative and qualitative approaches. Retrieved on March 2, 2009 from <popline. org>. Charmaz, K. (2000). Grounded theory. Handbook of qualitative research. Retrieved on March 2 2009 from <geocities.com>.
Gerstenfeld, P. B. (2004). Hate Crimes: Causes, Controls, and Controversies. New York: SAGE. Hall, N. (2005). Hate Crime. Chicago: Willan Publishing. Herek, G. M. , Berrill, K. T. (2001). Hate Crimes: Confronting Violence Against Lesbians and Gay Men. New York: SAGE. Jenness, V. , Broad, K. (2006). Hate Crimes: New Social Movements and the Politics of Violence. Washington: Aldine Transaction. United States Federal Bureau of Investigation. (2000). Hate Crimes. Washington: U. S. Dept. of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation.