Hammurabi’s Code vs Hebrew Law

Hammurabi’s Code of Law and the Hebrew Law have many differences and many similarities. They both have laws on marriage, farming, religion, equality, and many other things. Both of these codes of law showed that each civilization had order and some form of government. It also showed how two civilizations, that are so far apart, can still think so alike and that humanity learns from it’s mistakes by improving on them.

Hammurabi had a nice view on how to keep things equal. He has the basic concept of “eye for an eye.” The Hebrew law also has this same concept because in one of it’s laws, it says, “if a man smite the eye of his servant, or the eye of his maid, that it perish; he shall let him go free for his eye’s sake..” (Exodus 21:28, KJV) This shows that both the Hebrews and Hammurabi’s people, the Babylonians, had a sense of equality in social class and other things. There is a Hebrew law that if an ox gores a man or woman and kills him, and the owner knows about this and does nothing, then the ox and the owner will be put to death.

This differs slightly from Hammurabi’s Code because it does not say that the owner has to be put to death. It says that the owner shall pay ½ a mina of silver. This shows how the two different codes of laws and two different civilizations can still have similar concepts but have different ways to interpret them. But, most of these laws only applied to the situation or geography of the land at the time. There is many differences and similarities in both of these codes of law and almost impossible to conclude whether these are more similar or more different. It really all depends on opinion. These are examples on how Hammurabi’s Code of Law and the Hebrew Law are alike or different.