Government Structure

This class introduces students to the organizing principles and structures of the three levels of Canadian government; federal, provincial and municipal. The focus is particularly directed at the permanent public service and seeks to examine the collective “whole of government”influence on Canadian affairs. For those of you interested in business—the majority no doubt— this is an important course as it provides an understanding of the core structures businesses must understand when dealing with government. As citizens, this course provides you a framework for understanding how you might protect your rights.

Learning Objectives This introductory offering in public administration puts forward the following objectives: * To provide an overview of the organizational structure and responsibilities of Canadian federal public sector organizations * To introduce you to the basic management framework for Canadian public sector management * To survey public sector structure and management differences in the federal, provincial and municipal governments * To understand public sector influences on Canadian business and civil society * To increase your skills and confidence in conducting research and writing papers.

Approach Taken The course will consist of three hours of interactive lecture given weekly through two 1. 5 hour classes in accordance with the schedule provided later in this syllabus. You will be expected to prepare for each class by reading the assigned readings and actively participating in classroom discussions. As outlined in the evaluation section, class attendance and participation will be assessed. All course administration and assignment submissionswill be conducted through BBlearn. Important Note about Course Content and Assessment The approach to the course is similar across all four sections.

However sections will deviate based on the individual class discussions and the issues individual professors will raise in their respective classes. Note that the professor for your section is responsible for assigning your mark including participation points. Your section professor is responsible for developing the mid-term and final exams for his/her particular section. As such, while exams may be similar in format, they may differ in specifics. In addition to the readings listed, in this syllabus, you may also be assessed on material covered during class discusions.

You are responsible for attending the specific section of the course in which you are registered. So do not “squat” in other sections. Learning Materials For each class there are perscribed readings identifed in this Syllabus and it is important that you read those materials before class so you’re in a much better position to participate in class discussions. Do not let yourself fall behind in your readings. The learning materials are : 1. Textbook -C. Richard Tindal. “A Citizen’s Guide to Government,” 3rd Edition, McGraw-Hill Ryerson, Toronto 2005- available in the book store.

2. Short Reader for Bachelor of Management 2801 Government Structure Fall 2012- available from Julia’s Photocopy, 1525 LeMarchant St. 902-425-4722 [email protected] ca This short reader contains those readings not available electronically except for the Tindal text which you should purchase. NOTE – these individual readings will be placed on 2 hour reserve in the Killam Library. However we are allowed to place only one copy on reserve per 30 students. Consequently, it is best to secure your readings well in advance of when they need to be read. 3.

Class BBLearn Site Readings where publicly available, are on the class BBL site to be downloaded. A Full 2801 Reader which includes items 2 and 3 above, can be ordered from Julia’s Photocopy, 1525 LeMarchant St. 902-425-4722 [email protected] ca. While more costly, it will provide you, in one place, all the readings except for those in the Tindal text which you should purchase from the book store. Communications via BBLearn: A BBlearn site will be established to support your section of this course and it will be the primary tool for course communications.

You are responsible for submitting all assignments via the BBlearn site for your section by midnight (11:59 p. m. ) on the date due. The BBLearn site will be populated with class lecture slides, and possibly other materials as the term develops. These readings are not intended to cover all material included in the course and you’re responsible for considering all readings, handouts, videos, newspaper articles, and lecture comments when preparing for the midterm and final examinations. Method of Evaluation * * Assignment| * Due Date| * % of Final Mark| * Attendance| * Throughout Term| * 4%| * Particpation| * Throughout Term|.

* 3%| * Autobiography| * September 15th @ midnight| * 3%| * Individual Writing Assignment Essay #1| * September 28th @ midnight| * 15%| * Mid-term Exam (topics 1-8)| October 10th or 11th, TBA| * 20%| * Individual Writing Assignment Essay #2| * November 9th @ midnight| * 15%| * End of term Examination (all topics)| * During formal examination period, December 2012| * 40%| * Total| * 100%| Submission of Written Assignments All assignments are expected to be submitted electronically through BBLearn on the due date, unless otherwise approved by the instructor.

Ten percent (10%) will be deducted for each 24 hour period that the assignment is late and after 72 hours a mark of zero (0) will be rendered. If you are at all concerned or uncomfortable that your assignment upload was unsuccessful, the assignment may be emailed to your TA as a backup. It is your responsibility to doublecheck your file uploads. Any submissions missing file extensions or assignment attachments will be considered a non-submission. The required format for electronic submissions is Word 2007 (. docx).

The file name should include your first initial and last name followed by the assignment name such as J Public 1st short. Note that all assignments are individual assignments. Components of the Course The course is composed of three hours of class per week comprised of a combination of lecture and discussions. Course sessions are conducted with the expectation that you come to class having read all assigned material for the class and are prepared to discuss that material. It will also help if you keep abreast of current affairs in public administration/government.

The current affairs that are discussed in class are examinable material. Attendance (4 points) – ongoing Attendance will account for 4 % of your final grade and will be taken regularly. Students will be provided with two (2) “free” absences throughout the term for which no penalty will be recorded. For any additional absences, students will have one (1) point deducted from their final course mark for each missed class without a medical doctor’s verification of illness up to a maxium of the 4 points available for attendance. Students who are absent from a class are responsible for the material covered during class.

Please do your best to ensure that other commitments do not conflict with our regular class meetings. Material discussed in class, particularly matters of current affairs, can be examined on the mid-term and final exam. Participation (3 points) – ongoing To help facilitate in class discussion, you may be asked to address issues of current affairs. The instructor may seek your input verbally in class, in writing or through your participation in a current affairs survey. This particpation component will be valued at 3 points and awarded by your instructor based on the method of evaluation chosen by your instructor.

These components will be assigned by your instructor and posted on BLS. These issues could arise out of matters discussed or to be discussed in class. For example in classes 20, 21 & 22 you will be asked to review websites of Federeal, Provincial and Municipal organizations and/or via the current affairs survey. It is possible that you will be asked to address questions associated with organizational issues presented on those sites. You can be called upon at any time, after each of the above submissions, to discuss your submission in class.

In class discussion of your ideas is an essential aspect of university level studies. Consequently, your in class discussion may impact the mark you receive on that submission. Autobiography (3 points) – September 15th The “Who Am I “assignment is an introduction for yourself in 500-750 words. As part of your participation mark (3 points) can be achieved by depositing it in the drop box by Friday, September 14th at midnight. Your introduction, will only be available to your instructor and TA. The TA will mark it for writing style and grammar. The autobiography should address the following:

1– Name, number of years in University & number of years since high school graduation 2– Where are you from? – Community and undergraduate program. 3– What contribution do you want to make to your firm/agency, society, & your family? Why is that contribution important? 4- What types of business or volunteer activities have you worked at? 5- Have you, or someone you know well, been involved in, public administration. If yes, what was the nature of that involvement? 6- Have you, or someone you know well, been involved in, or interested in, politics. If yes, what was the nature of that involvement?

7- What do you want to get out of this class? 8- What media stories-newspaper, radio , television or social media circulated articles have you been following recently? (Maximum 3 examples) Essays- Individual Writing Assignments 2 (15 points each for a total of 30 points) There are two individual essay writing assignments for Mgmt 2801. Students are required to prepare a short essay (750 – 1000 words) in reply to the assignment questions below. The word limit is inclusive of references, quotations, and title page. You should present your ideas through a thoughtful and concise manner.

It is expected that you will follow generally accepted norms of evidenced-based opinion writing. You can be critical and provocative, provided your criticisms are put forward clearly, logically, and persuasively. All quotations should note the page of the article from which they are taken. A high standard of writing will apply for these assignments, including the format, footnotes, and references. Since communication is an important managerial skill, you will be marked for both content and style, including the proper use of grammar and spelling.

A research guide has been created by the Killam Library Staff to assist you with your research, particularly in finding journals and articles pertaining to Public Administration: http://dal. ca. libguides. com/content. php? mode=preview&pid=420&sid=150776 The research support for this Public Administration class can be found at the following link: http://dal. ca. libguides. com/content. php? pid=420&sid=150776 . Your writtent work must be: * in proper grammatical form * type-written and submitted via the BBLearn * double spaced * in 12-point font, (Times New Roman or Arial) * given a one-inch wide margins on all four sides

* include page numbers * include a separate title page properly annotated using the MLA style guide (footnotes or endnotes) with a separate title page and a bibliography of works used or cited. Additional information and instructions concerning the assignments may be presented during class time. You can be called upon at any time, after each of the submissions, to discuss your submission in class. Your in class discussion, of your ideas, is an essential aspect of university level studies. Consequently your in class discussion may impact the mark you receive on that submission.

You can use citation software such as Ref Works, which is available to you for free as a Dalhousie student. It can create your bibliography and citations automatically. The program can also change the citation style electronically if you are required to use other submission styles such as APA or Harvard, for example. If you are not sure about preparing citations, you should take the Ref Works tutorial and/or a Ref Work course through the library. By recording all your research materials in Ref Works, you will find it easier to create and annotate all papers that you write.

View http://www. librarydal. ca/How/RefWorks for more information. Essay 1 Individual Writing Assignment # 1- It’s a Matter of Choice (15 points) – September 28th 1st Essay Topic : Outline what you think the priorities of government (you can think of government as a whole, or one of the national, provincial, and municipal levels) should be in 2012, giving the rationale for your choice. This assignment can be approached in two ways: (1) Referring to Table 1. 1 (Tindal, p. 7) which three of these items should be the government’s highest priority and why? OR (2) Referring to Table 1.

1 (Tindal, p. 7) address one government priority on the list from three perspectives (e. g. , you could use perspectives of a university student, a parent and a grandparents to explore one priority) Essay 2 Individual Writing Assignment – Machinery of Government (15 points) – November 9th 2nd Essay Topic: The differing interests and responsibilities of politicians and bureaucrats are thought to create tensions in the relationship between these two groups of actors. What are these tensions and their implications for good public management?? Mid-term Exam (20 points) – October 10 or 11 TBA.

The mid-term will consist of questions on the material covered up to and including class 8. End of Term Examination (40 points) The End of Term Examination will give you an opportunity to demonstrate your knowledge of government structure and organization. You will be responsible for all readings, lesson notes, handouts and material discussed in class in preparing for the exam. If you plan to be away from Halifax following the end of classes, do not book your flights or make other arrangements until your exam dates are posted. Class Schedule – Readings & Assignments – All Sections.

Section 01 (Monday & Wednesday 17:35-18:55) Section 02 (Monday& Wednesday 16:05 – 17:25) Section 03 (Monday & Wednesday 11:35 – 12:55) Section 04 (Monday & Wednesday 10:00 – 11:25) Date| Class| Topic and Reading AssignmentNote: The mid-term class is not numbered and is scheduled for a time outside class| | | PHASE I – INTRODUCTION| September 10th| 1| Admin and Introduction| September 12th| 2| Introduction to Government and Public Administration Reading: Kernaghan, Kenneth, and David Siegel. Public Administration in Canada: A Text. Toronto: Methuen, 1987. Print.

pp 3-22| September 15th| | Who am I (Assignment) due by 11pm via BB Learn| September 17th| 3| Current Issues for the Canadian Public Reading: Tindal, C R. A Citizen’s Guide to Government. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 2005. Print. Chapter 1, pp. 1-20. | | PHASE II – CANADIAN GOVERNMENTS AND CONSTITUTIONAL STRUCTURE| September 19th| 4| Our Many Governments and What They Do. Reading: Tindal, C R. A Citizen’s Guide to Government. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 2005. Print. Chapter 2, pp. 21-41| September 24th| 5| Levels of Government and Their Roles and Responsibilities: Federal and ProvincialReading: Tindal, C R.

A Citizen’s Guide to Government. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 2005. Print. Chapter 5, pp. 123-180| September 26th| 6| Levels of Government and Their Roles and Responsibilities: Federal, Provincial and MunicipalReadings: Tindal, C R. A Citizen’s Guide to Government. Toronto: McGraw-Hill Ryerson, 2005. Print. Chapter 6, pp. 181-204| Sept 28th| | Essay Assignment #1 Due thru BBLearn for all sections by 11 pm Sept 28th| October 1st| 7| Responsible Government & Ministerial Responsibility – Part IReading: Aucoin, Peter, Jennifer Smith, and Geoff Dinsdale. Responsible Government: Clarifying Essentials, Dispelling Myths and Exploring Change.

Ottawa: Canadian Centre for Management Development, 2004. Print. Introduction and Parts 1 to 3 (pp. 7- 61)http://www. csps-efpc. gc. ca/pbp/pub/lte-eng. asp| October 3rd| 8| Responsible Government & Ministerial Responsibility – Part II & mid-term ReviewReading: Aucoin, Peter, Jennifer Smith, and Geoff Dinsdale. Responsible Government: Clarifying Essentials, Dispelling Myths and Exploring Change. Ottawa: Canadian Centre for Management Development, 2004. Print. Introduction and Parts 1 to 3 (pp. 7- 61)http://www. csps-efpc. gc. ca/pbp/pub/lte-eng. asp| Oct 8th | | THANKSGIVING (no class) |

| PHASE III – ORGANIZING TO GOVERN – CANADIAN EXPERIENCE| October Date & Time to be finalized| Mid-Term| The mid-term covers all material up to and including Topic 8. It will be held from 3:30—6:30 p. m. on Friday, October 12, 2012 in the Dunn Building, either Room 117, 135, or 304. | October 10th | 9| Organizing to Administer Reading: Mintzberg, Henry. “Managing Government, Governing Management”. Harvard Business Review. 74. 3 (1996): 75. Print. pp. 75-83. | October 15th| 10|

Organizational StructureReading: Mintzberg, Henry, Structures in Fives: Designing Effective Organizations. Englewood Cliffs, N.J. : Prentice-Hall, 1983, Chapter 1, pp. 1-23. | October 17th| 11| Designing Organizations for Management Reading: Aucoin, Peter “Lesson Notes from PUAD 5100,” Dalhousie University, Halifax 2005, Lesson 4, pp. 4. 1 to 4. 24 . | October 22nd| 12| The Machinery of Government Reading: Brooks, Stephen. Canadian Democracy: An Introduction. Don Mills, Ont: Oxford University Press, 2009. Print. , Chapter 8, pp. 230-278. | October 24th| 13| Citizen-Centred Delivery Reading: Marson, Brian, and Ralph Heintzman. From Research to Results: A Decade of Results-Based Service Improvement in Canada.

Toronto: Institute of Public Administration of Canada, 2009. Print. pp 9-34. | October 29th | 14| Collaboration on Service DeliveryReadings: 1. Roy, Jeffrey, and John W. Langford. Integrating Service Delivery Across Levels of Government: Case Studies of Canada and Other Countries. Washington, DC: IBM Center for The Business of Government, 2008. Print. pp 6-27. ; An additional research reading is available but not mandatory2. Kernaghan, Kenneth. Integrating Service Delivery: Barriers and Benchmarks. Toronto: Institute for Citizen-Centred Service, 2008. Print. pp.

1-48| Ocober 31st| 15| e-GovernmentReadings: 1. Hernon, Peter, Rowena Cullen, and Harold Relyea. Comparative Perspectives on E-Government: Serving Today and Building for Tomorrow. Lanham, Md: Scarecrow Press, 2006. Print. Chapter 1, pp. 3-19. 2. Roy, Jeffrey. E-government in Canada: Transformation for the Digital Age. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 2006. Print. Introduction pp. ix – xxxi. | November 5th| 16| Alternative Service DeliveryReading Hodge, Graeme, and Carsten Greve. The Challenge of Public-Private Partnerships: Learning from International Experience.

Cheltenham: Edward Elgar, 2005. Print. Calgary Public-Private Partnerships (P3) Policyhttp://www. calgary. ca/CA/City-Clerks/Documents/Council-policy-library/cfo011. pdf| | PHASE IV – CONTEMPORARY GOVERNANCE ISSUES| November 7th| 17| Intergovernmental AffairsReading: Johns, C M, Reilly P. L. O, and G J. Inwood. “Formal and Informal Dimensions of Intergovernmental Administrative Relations in Canada. ” Canadian Public Administration. 50. 1 (2007): 21-41. Print. : pp. 21-41| November 10th| | Essay Assignment #2 Due thru BBLearn for all sections by 11: 30 p. m.

| November 12th| | Day off in-lieu of Remembrance Day| November 14th| 18| Keeping Governments Accountable: the OAG, Parliamentary Committees and the FAA – LectureReading: 1. Office of the Auditor General of Canada, “Report of the Auditor General of Canada to the House of Commons, Chapter 9: Modernizing accountability in the Public Sector,” Public Works and Government Services Canada, Ottawa: December 2000, pp. 1-20; | November 21st| 19| Lobbying Public Sector Organizations Reading: Roy, Jeffrey. Business and Government in Canada. Ottawa: University of Ottawa Press, 2007. Print. Lobbying pp. 47-71. |

November 19th| 20| Canadian Public Sector organizations Today: FederalReading: Review of websites for current organizationsGovernment of Canada, Department of Citizenship and Immigration Canada: www. cic. gc. ca/english/index. aspGovernment of Canada, Privy Council Office, Intergovernmental Affairshttp://www. pco-bcp. gc. ca/aia/index. asp? lang=eng&Page=indexGovernment of Canada, Programs for Canada’s Youthhttp://www. youth. gc. ca/eng/home. shtml| November 26th| 21|

Canadian Public Sector organizations Today: ProvincialReading: Review of websites for current organizationsGovernment of Nova Scotia, Office of Immigrationhttp://www.youth. gc. ca/eng/home. shtmlGovernment of Nova Scotia, Intergovernmental Affairswww. gov. ns. ca/igaGovernment of Nova Scotia, Youth Secretariathttp://gov. ns. ca/coms/families/youthsecretariat/| November 28th| 22| Canadian Public Sector organizations Today: MunicipalReading: Review of websites for current organizations Halifax Regional Municipality, Immigration Action Planhttp://halifax. ca/communications/ImmigrationActionPlan. htmlHalifax Regional Municipality, Intergovernmental Relationswww. halifax. ca/IntergovernmentalAffairs/index. htmlHalifax Regional Municipality, Youth halifax.

ca/hrmyouth| December 3rd | 23| Another View of the Government of Canada – A Performance Reporting Perspective Reading: President of the Treasury Board “Canada’s Performance: The Government of Canada’s Contribution”. Annual Report to Parliament for 2007 – 08, published in 2009. Previously given out in class and also available from http://www. tbs-sct. gc. ca/reports-rapports/cp-rc/index-eng. asp| December| | End of term Examination (all topics), during formal examination period, December 2012| Course Policies Add/drop dates September 21st, 2012- last day to cancel and add classes

October 5th, 2012- last day to drop without “W”and last day to change from Audit to Credit and vice-versa November 5th, 2012- last day to drop with “W” Cellphones and Laptops All cell phones must be switched off during class time. Laptops may be used for taking notes only. If students are suspected of using laptops in class for reasons other than taking notes, they will be asked to stop. Repeated behaviour of this sort can result in the student being asked to leave the class; and/or the professor limiting or banning the use of laptops by the student in question. Certificates of illness.

Original Certificates of Illness signed by a Medical doctor must be presented to the Program Administrator, Margie Muise, 2nd floor, Room 2086 Kenneth C. Rowe. Please note that it is a university regulation that medical notes will not normally be accepted after a lapse of more than one week from the examination or assignment completion date. The Program Administrator’s office will make a photocopy of the original. Accessibility Accommodation Policy Students may request accommodation as a result of barriers related to disability, religious obligation, or any characteristic under the Nova Scotia Human Rights Act.

Students who require academic accommodation for either classroom participation or the writing of tests, quizzes and exams should make their request to the Office of Student Accessibility & Accommodation (OSAA) prior to or at the outset of each academic term (with the exception of X/Y courses). Please see www. studentaccessibility. dal. ca for more information and to obtain Form A – Request for Accommodation. A note taker may be required to assist a classmate. There is an honourarium of $75/course/term. If you are interested, please contact OSAA at 494-2836 for more information.

Please note that your classroom may contain specialized accessible furniture and equipment. It is important that these items remain in the classroom so that students who require their usage will be able to participate in the class. Important Information Concerning Writing Support: This course has an emphasis on writing. This will become the standard as you progress through the Bachelor of Management Program. It is a good idea to familiarize yourself with the supports that are available to you for improving your writing.

In particular, the Writing Centre will be offering free sessions throughout the Fall, but there is an early opportunity to attend a free session on Writing a Research Paper on Wednesday, September 19th, 2012 at 5:00 p. m. in room 2616 of the Killam Library. It is recommended that you take this course to provide you with every opportunity to refresh or improve your writing skills which are a key element of course grading. The Writing Centre also offers several free seminars that present an outline of the fundamental issues students need to understand to write successfully in various areas.

Specifically, they will cover “general” paper development and discuss the different ways to integrate source material into your work, as well as providing a Q&A session. Students can select a seminar and just show up, or for more information call 494-1963 or 494-3379 or visit http://writingcentre. dal. ca/sem. html | | On Tuesday September 18th, 2012 at 5:00 pm in the Killam (room 2616), there will be a discussion of the concept of Intellectual Property Issues in academic writing. This will include ways to use source material, and appropriate citation styles.

It is recommended that you attend this session to provide you an opportunity to refresh or improve your writing skills which are a key element of course grading. In addition to students taking their own initiative to seek support for their writing, the TA’s will also identify students that they feel would benefit from some writing assistance. In all cases, the best place to start is with the Writing Centre located in the Learning Commons (G40C) in the Killam Library. It is staffed six days a week by tutors who can either give you a quick answer or direct you to handbooks that contain answers to writing questions.

The emphasis is on giving students the resources to find their own answers with guidance. For instance, a question about proper punctuation can be quickly found in a pocket-sized reference book. Tutors will help you learn to use these references books. Academic Integrity Please review the below statements and resources to familiarize yourself with Dalhousie’s Academic Integrity policy and procedures. Faculty of Management StatementFrom http://www. dal. ca/faculty/management/faculty-and staff/academic_integrity/wording_for_syllabi. html Copyright 2003-2011 Dalhousie University.

All rights reserved. Last Updated: 30 Aug 2011The commitment of the Faculty of Management is to graduate future leaders of business, government and civil society who manage with integrity and get things done. This is nonnegotiable in our community and it starts with your first class at Dalhousie University. So when you submit any work for evaluation in this course or any other, please ensure that you are familiar with your obligations under the Faculty of Management’s Academic Integrity Policiesand that you understand where to go for help and advice in living up to our standards.

You should be familiar with the Faculty of Management Professor and Student Contract on Academic Integrity, and it is your responsibility to ask questions if there is anything you do not understand. Dalhousie offers many ways to learn about academic writing and presentations so that all members of the University community may acknowledge the intellectual property of others. Knowing how to find, evaluate, select, synthesize and cite information for use in assignments is called being “information literate.

” Information literacy is taught by Dalhousie University Librarians in classes and through online tutorials. Do not plagiarize any materials for this course. For further guidance on what constitutes plagiarism, how to avoid it, and proper methods for attributing sources, please see http://plagiarism. dal. ca/Student%20Resources/Any paper submitted by a student at Dalhousie University may be checked for originality to confirm that the student has not plagiarized from other sources.

Plagiarism is considered a very serious academic offence that may lead to loss of credit, suspension or expulsion from the University, or even the revocation of a degree. It is essential that there be correct attribution of authorities from which facts and opinions have been derived. At Dalhousie, there are University Regulations which deal with plagiarism and, prior to submitting any paper in a course; students should read the Policy on Intellectual Honesty contained in the Calendar or on the Dalhousie web site at: http://www. registrar. dal. ca/calendar/ug/UREG.

htm#12Furthermore, the University’s Senate has affirmed the right of any instructor to require that student papers be submitted in both written and computer readable format, and to submit any paper to a check such as that performed by anti-plagiarism software. As a student in this class, you are to keep an electronic copy of any paper you submit, and the course instructor may require you to submit that electronic copy on demand. Finally:If you suspect cheating by colleagues or lapses in standards by a professor, you may use theconfidential email: [email protected]

ca which is read only by the Assistant AcademicIntegrity Officer. Please visit the Dalhousie Academic Integrity website: http://academicintegrity. dal. ca/index. phpOn this site you will find information on Dalhousie’s Academic Integrity policies, Faculty Discipline Process (what happens if you are alleged with violations of academic standards), and student resources including online tutorials to avoid plagiarism and proper citation. | Dalhousie Academic Integrity StatementFrom http://academicintegrity. dal. ca/Files/Syllabus_Statement_%28Aug_2011%29.

pdfAt Dalhousie University, we are guided in all of our work by the values of academic integrity: honesty, trust, fairness, responsibility and respect (Center for Academic Integrity, Duke University, 1999). As a student, you are required to demonstrate these values in all of the work you do. University provides policies and procedures that every member of the university community is required to follow to ensure academic integrity. What does academic integrity mean? At Dalhousie university we advance knowledge by building on the work of other people.

Academic integrity means that we are honest and accurate in creating and communicating all academic products. Acknowledgement of other people’s work must be done in a way that does not leave the reader in any doubt as to whose work it is. Academic integrity means trustworthy conduct such as not cheating on examinations and not misrepresenting information. It is the student’s responsibility to seek assistance to ensure that these standards are me