In the past few decades, China’s influence becomes more and more significant in the world, for example, its military power, economy power and the like. There is no doubt that the rise of China will become one of the great dramas of the twenty-first century. In fact, China’s bargaining power has been enhanced and became more significant in the international stage. China's active diplomacy and its astonishing economic growth are also already changing East Asia. Will China change the existing world order? How the United States do to maintain its position when China rises?
However, The United States is the most powerful country within most of twentieth century. With the China’s accession, the political relations between each countries and itself are evolving. Especially, the US-China relation is extremely important among all the relations. In this essay, I am going to analyze and explore the future of US-China relations systematically and to see whether this relationship is beneficial to the other countries. First of all, the Competition between the United States and China is inevitable, but the conflicts between them can be avoided. China in fact only put more concerns on its own national interests but not interested in changing the world.
There is no doubt that there will be a struggle for its influence because the Chinese need the United States’ markets, its sophisticated technology or even send some students to go to the United States to study the ways of doing business so what they can learn from the United States can be beneficial to the China’s further development in the future. If China has quarrels or serious conflicts with the United States , the accesses to seize all useful information and those technological capabilities will be denied which make some obstacles for the balanced development for China .
As a result, the struggle between the two countries will be maintained at the optimized level that allows China to tap the United States. Besides, a healthy competition is beneficial and necessary for each nation to grow. In order to achieve this purpose, China intends not to use military easily to solve the problems with the United States. The reason is that Chinese leaders understand that U.S. military superiority is strong and the situation will be maintained at least for the next few decades. According to Tellis(2013),China still lacks significant features of U.S. power.
These features include military capabilities that permit the U.S. to use force far from its borders and powerful allies that share interests and values. As regards Taiwan, Chinese government aims at preventing Taiwan from sliding towards independence. The China’s leaders are eager to live with the status quo indefinitely, but they are deeply convinced that they need to issue periodic threats and pressure to prevent it from breaking free. The United States may only prevent forceful reunification.
But China’s threats and continuous military buildup increase some fears that Beijing will eventually feel that it can be capable of achieving its objectives by using the force. The United States may feel compelled to enhance military assistance to Taipei in order to maintain its deterrence and to take drastic steps to make it appear more likely that the United States would intervene if Taiwan was attacked. But these steps will cause China’s government to intensify its military efforts further.
However, the Chinese does not eventually want to clash with anyone for the next few decades. The China’s government hopes that their military will finally match in sophistication as that of the U.S. military in the next 30 years. In the long term, US-China relation in terms of military keeps complicated but rational. In terms of economic relation between US and China, The U.S. and Chinese economies are deeply integrated. The value of U.S.-China trade in 2010 was $457 billion (Tellis 2013).
The U.S. has benefited from China’s inexpensive goods and Chinese is America’s largest supplier of imports. However, Today the US and China are probably the world's two largest economies . Relations between these two countries are crucial to the future development of the world economy. Unfortunately economic relations between the two countries are troubled. China is large, rapidly growing, and still in the process of devising and implementing fundamental economic reforms. Despite its size and importance to the global economy, it is still not a member of the World Trade Organization (WTO), the primary multilateral institution for managing the world trade system.
As a consequence, trade disputes between China and the US are resolved almost exclusively in public, acrimonious bilateral negotiations. China's large bilateral surplus acts as a political lightning rod in the US and contributes to trade tensions, regardless of the economic merits of these political concerns, The impact of the rapid growth of bilateral trade on the US economy is positive, though probably not particularly large: imports from China have largely displaced imports from third countries, not domestic production, and exports have been higher than expected as well. In the recent dispute over intellectual property rights (IPR) the industry loss claims appear greatly exaggerated, Though self-inflicted export disincentives probably do more to discourage US exports than Chinese policies do.
The collision between these opposing sets of forces will produce a U.S.-China relationship that continues to be characterized by constrained, or bounded, competition. As they do today, the two countries will trade, talk, and cooperate on some issues, but they will still regard each other with profound mistrust, maneuvering for diplomatic advantage and developing their military capabilities with an eye toward a possible future confrontation.
This kind of ambivalent situation will be different from those the United States has generally had to deal with over the past half century, a period during which the world tended to be divided neatly between major U.S. allies and economic partners, on the one hand, and open enemies (with whom the United States traded and talked relatively little, if at all), on the other.
And the tremendous thing about being at the Hopkins Nanjing Center is that I know I am speaking to future leaders on both sides of the bilateral relationship. Much of the future of the world in the 21st Century will depend on how well China and the United States sustain growth in our own economies, manage our relationship with one another, and together address challenges facing the global economy. If we can successfully strengthen this evermore complex and important relationship, both countries will be better for it. I am confident that, as Deng Xiaoping once said, you will be able to work together to “cross the river by feeling the stones.”
Bibliography Reference Tellis, Ashley J. "U.S.-China Relations in a Realist World." Tangled Titans: The United States and China. By David L. Shambaugh. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2013. 75-100. Print. Ikenberry, John G. "The Rise of China, the United States, and the Future of the Liberal International Order." Tangled Titans: The United States and China. By David L. Shambaugh. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2013. 53-73. Print.