In the history of America, diversity and slavery has been an indispensable factor. Notably, America was a colony of Britain and it has been quite long years since it was really emancipated from control of the latter. The colored men or the blacks also experienced being controlled by the whites. In the society, the value of the blacks was merely as slaves. The blacks then have no right, citizenship, and personality. They only existed to serve the whites.
It has been centuries also that the blacks have gained their freedom and their fight was marked by tedious struggles and hardships. Additionally, despite the existing Bill of Rights, the blacks were not free to exercise such right. This is so because the blacks were not considered as citizens of the United States. The differences between the whites and blacks were so apparent and rampant. Through times, the whites have become even more powerful and rich while the blacks were being oppressed and dispossessed of their properties.
There was no sign of hope for the blacks. However, through the initiation of Lincoln and the framers of the Constitution, signs of slavery and discrimination have started to fade. The Fourteenth Amendment In response to the rampant practices of slavery, the Fourteenth Amendment was successfully embodied in the Constitution. Fourteenth Amendment states; Section 1. “All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside.
No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws. (Fourteenth Amendment, US Constitution Online) Following provision, Section 2, further states that; “Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed.
But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.
(Fourteenth Amendment, US Constitution Online)