The Federal Democratic Republic of Ethiopia

Ethiopia is an Eastern African country oldest in its statehood alongside Liberia, a country to the west coast of the continent. This paper considers the country in relation to its governance structure and democratic progress. The vast country is also the headquarters of the Pan-African grouping- the African Union and so it is significant in the calls for a federal continental government. Ethiopia in a Nutshell Ethiopia, once a revered empire in Africa, is among the original members of the United Nations and the oldest state in Africa, dating two thousand years ago.

It has a strong military and its government is headed by a Prime Minister. The country is relaxed on the democratic spheres as the opposition is restricted and the civil society cannot assert its influence effectively. It is a landlocked country found in the horn of Africa region and has been engaged in military confrontation with its northern neighbor Eritrea. Other neighbors are Kenya to the south, Sudan to the west Somalia in the east and Djibouti found on the north east bearing.

Ethiopia’s history is one of conquest. It fought against the Italians in the Battle of Adowa and hit them a blow under Menelik II. It joined the League of Nations in 1923 and was among the original members of the United Nations. Ethiopia did not experience real colonial subjection as its forces were so strong to resist any colonial tendencies. It engaged in a military duel with Italy under the fascist leadership of Benito Mussolini from 1936 through 1941.

However, the Ethiopian Patriotic Forces had to seek assistance from the British Empire to conclude the occupation (Pankhurst, 1999 pp. 116) The second oldest Christian country in the world, Ethiopia is an active international player hosting the United Nations Economic Commission for Africa and a principle player in the affairs of the African Union after pioneering its predecessor’s formation in 1963. Ethiopia is credited with bringing the two sides of the Casablanca and Monrovia groupings together with intent of forming a Pan-African organization.