Effective administration of prisons is an instrumental element for successfully realizing the objectives of the criminal justice system. This is the underlying reason behind the establishment of the Federal Bureau of Prisons as a federal agency under the United states Department of Justice which is marked with the responsibility of managing the operations of the federal government system (Miller, et al, 2009).
Founded in 1930, Federal Bureau of Prisons has not only managed to increase the number of federal prisons from 11 to current 119, but also engaged in accommodating the dynamic legal changes that have been witnessed in the US (Bosworth, 2002). This paper gives an overview of the Federal Bureau of Prisons explaining their function in the federal law enforcement system.
The Federal Bureau of Prisons is charged with the responsibility of managing and regulating the operations of Federal prisons. To achieve its responsibilities effectively, the Federal Bureau of Prisons (FBOP) has established prison and correctional facilities for accommodating different types of convicted crime offenders depending on the security level such inmates require (Bosworth, 2002).
According to available information, the FBOP currently operates fives types of correction facilities. Such include the Federal Prison Camps which have low staff and might even lack perimeter fencing. Another facility is the Low security Federal Correctional Institutions which are comprised of double fenced security perimeters (Miller, et al, 2009).
The third type of prison facility managed by the FBOP is the Medium security Federal Correctional Institutions. These are marked with double-fenced perimeters and electronic detector security systems (Miller, et al, 2009). They are the similar to United States Penitentiaries (USPs) although (USPs) enjoy reinforced walls to accommodate high security inmates (Miller, et al, 2009). The last types of facilities are the Federal Correctional Complexes. These are just large areas (or complexes) encompassing numerous inmate facilities based security level and gender (Miller, et al, 2009). In addition, the agency has established numerous administrative facilities for overseeing the effective management of the prisons and provision of basic services to the inmates.
These administrative facilities include Federal Detention Centers, Federal Medical Centers, the Federal Transfer Center, Metropolitan Correctional Centers, and Metropolitan Detention Centers (Bosworth, 2002). These facilities allow for the coordination of prison services such as inter-prison transfers, medical care, and access of behavioral changes of the inmates. In the quest to ensure the provision of security to highly dangerous inmates, the Federal Bureau of Prisons current operates an Administrative-Maximum U.S. Penitentiary in Colorado (Clear, et al, 2008). The FBOP is responsible for recruiting, training, and deploying prison guards.
On the other hand, this federal law enforcement agency enjoys authority to control activities within prison premises. These provisions are found under Title 18 of the US code (Clear, et al, 2008). According to this Title, FBOP officers do not require any warrant to arrest individuals committing crime within the prison premises. Such crimes include theft, riot, damage of property, and trespass (Clear, et al, 2008). Moreover, warrantless arrests by these officers within the premises are allowed if such serve to safeguard security. Just to be appreciated is the fact that the law does not require Federal bureau of prison officers to have a warrant for arresting inmates for violations such as assault, escape or assisting escape even if such occur outside the prison premises (Bosworth, 2002).
Bosworth, M. (2002). The U.S. federal prison system. New York: SAGE.
Clear, T. R., Cole, G. F. & Reisig, M. D. (2008). American Corrections. 8th Ed. Mason, OH:
Miller, F. P., Vandome, A. F. & McBrewster, J. (2009). Federal Bureau of Prisons. New York:
VDM Publishing House Ltd.
(Miller, et al, 2009)