State security basically entails the tendency of a nation adhering to its own set of demands in regard to the issue of security policies (Baylis, J.2010, p.233).Traditional security also involves a host of other aspects that are defined by virtue of subordination. Describing the matter further reveals that state security is primarily the protection of available institutions, ethics or values within a nation, and above all human beings living inside its boundaries (Brauch, 2003, 204). State security is therefore judged by virtue of how well a particular state can stop attacks, and at the same time defeat external threats.
An example of this is Australia white Defense paper policies that were aim to build Australia’s defense strategies to protect their border for future external threats after seen terrorist attack on America September 2001 followed by other terrorist attack in other part of the World (Department of Defense 2009,p.16). State Security is Australia concerned ensuring the country is freedom from potential attack and to protect their border from asylum seekers. Therefore Defense is essential to secure and manage the country security.
The state remains the main the center of activities and the main player; whereby focus is obviously directed towards national stability. Australia main interest in White Paper Defense is to against the armed attack whether by other states or non state that can destabilize the national border. This has meant that security has been seen as the priority obligation of state governments where they seek their own protection (Baylis, J.2010). This entails the strengthening of military abilities and formulating of avenues that help in building national supremacy (Williams, 2003, 93).
Common measures taken by states in enhancing the scope of activities include: equipping its military factions, broadening of logistical capacity, and generally putting strategies in place, in order to check its boundaries. This was include in Australia defense Policies in white paper where they want to broaden the national security policies by maximize the number of military equipments for army forces such as submarines, helicopter and aircraft (Australia Defance, 2009,p.59). State security therefore entails crucial leads, but the magnitude of activities remains minimal in terms of players and scale of related ventures. It is one reason as to why critics consider traditional security as “a means and not an end” in regard to security policies (Williams, 2003, 93). People get involved in state security on very few occasions since the state believes in its abilities and mileage (Brauch, 2003, 205).
As a result, it contrasts human security in that, the people get no chance to participate in decision making. In addition, traditional security is predominantly inclined towards the principle of sovereignty, whereby the state operates under total freedom from international influence. This implies that, the state is the final entity in matters concerning its own security.
Human security first emerged on the scene in 1994, in a human development report by the United Nations Development Program. Its main aim was to rectify the shady concentration and definition given to the aspect of security through blending of several concepts (Archarya, A.2010, p.480). As a result, it gave birth to a combination of both human rights and human development, in addressing the security of humans and the community. In contrast to state security, human security emphasizes on the individuals’ security in relation to two basic approaches. The first approach basically applies in a country like Canada, and it involves protecting the individual from political hostility.
However, relying on this approach seemingly attracts instability, since other aspects of human security are ignored. A familiar situation was witnessed in the Arab world, especially in countries like Egypt and Libya. Citizens were supposedly denied the aspect of human security that addresses their participation in crucial decision making (Alington,V.A 2011). This situation led to revolts and the specified governments were toppled. Several concepts like economic security, food security, and political security among others, form the basis of human security and help define the second approach (Archarya, A.2010, p.483). It entails the blending of several concepts to come up with a strong strategy on Security and call for a rethinking of state sovereignty as necessary part of human security.