Establishment of the commissions and committees on constitutional frame work and review of the constitution. 2. Liberal penal polices and restricts powers of military. 3. Constrain involvement of military involvement in some emergency and must needed services like health & education. 4. Give enough scope to the media to express its opinion and be as best critic. Myanmar is a classic example of this sort. The cause of sufferings of the people was lifted by noble laurite Daw Aung San Suu Kyi.
This made the international community to start watching the Myanmar and forcing the military government to restore the civilian democratic government. There is a paradigm shift in Burmese politics with symbolic and ideological change in Myanmar military dictator’s prestige and legitimacy. This shift will be more legitimate if the government allows the international observers to watch the proceedings. Now it is in the hands of the people in Burma to ensure that these referendum and elections would change in the military government by the people and of the people and push for the government for the people.
Pakistan is also an example where its half of the independence period is under the military rule. Recent military regime under Mushraf has changed the face of Pakistan in the international stage. The Army's current constitutional posture may be due to the army chief's personal democratic temperament, but there are also objective conditions that have led to the military exit from overt and covert involvement in politics. Mushraf has brought several changes and even elections were held and civil democratic government was restored. Changes bought by the military government in law enforcement area are
• Constitutional amendments: The parliamentary form of government was changed to the presidential form of government. • Participation and inclusion: A corollary of managing people's expectation is to encourage their participation and inclusion in the process of policy formulation, policy implementation, policy debate in all circumstances. • Strengthening of institutions: Institutional reforms were initiated in the financial sector including in the State Bank, the CBR and the Security and Exchange Commission of Pakistan to strengthen them.
Other changes were managing rising awareness and expectations among the people of nation, measures for the good governance and stable economy & make enough rules to bring flawless leadership . But civil government has to overcome some areas so that the shift will be meaningful. The civil governments should shed their liberal attitude and make efforts to improve the condition of the people. Now the recent governments are making their efforts to control the new problems such as terrorism & financial instability.
Taking as a China as ideal which is a military government and which is moving to the top position in all the areas and inching towards for the position of superpower all the nations are making their policies strict. Nigeria military has taken over the government citing the fraudulent elections as the main reason. After its takeover it had brought several reformative actions which shown that the law enforcement is far better than the civilian democratic government. Some the actions were public accountability, actions to wipe of corruption & demonstrated its commitment to austerity by trimming the federal budget.
As the promised actions were diluted in the later stages and with new regime of leader a commitment to return to civilian rule was made and supported the 1979 constitution. This is a classic example which shows that and change should be gradual and not sudden. The armies, as a social and political force, have always constituted a potential threat to civil politics in many developing countries. There need to be a different set of roles for the military and the government. Both should act according to their roles. Turkey is a best example for this type of roles.
Unlike the armies in Middle Eastern & Latin American countries the Turkish military officers are unwilling to be an active and over actor in daily civil politics considering the limits are roles they have to play in the civil politics. But be as a role player behind the scene in the civil politics and be ready to act at the time of political crisis . Conclusion: Chile and South Korea show the way to power sharing arrangements between democratic politicians and military for constitutional, democratic government over a period of time .
The governments whether military or democratic rather than making their paradigm shift of military to law enforcement and law enforcement to the military should make the changes in their governance. They should wipe out the anti-social elements and eradicate the deep rooted problems in the society and keep the welfare of the priority as the primary agenda. Reference: 1. Subramaniam, Sanooaung, Push now for the real civilian democratic government for Myanmar March 25, 2008, retrived from<http://sanooaung. wordpress. com/2008/03/25/push-now-for-the-real-civilian-democratic-government-for-myanmar/> 2.
Nasim Zehra, (2008), Government, army and politics, The news. Retrieved form <http://www. thenews. com. pk/print1. asp? id=146205> 3. Komsuoglu, Aysegul. and Ors, Birsen. "What Keeps the Turkish Army Away from a Permanent Military Government" Paper presented at the annual meeting of the International Studies Association 48th Annual Convention, Hilton Chicago, CHICAGO, IL, USA, Feb 28, 2007 <Not Available>. 2008-10-09 <http://www. allacademic. com/meta/p179398_index. html> 4. Husain Haqqani, (2007) Gulf News, Military rule stifles democracy, January 10, 2007, retrieved from <http://archive. gulfnews. com/articles/07/01/10/10095680. html >