Western countries perceive democracy as an ideology that attributes to the development of civic culture, which includes a sense of political efficacy among people. It is also characterized by a level of trust of the people to the government, which they authorized to lead them. In relation to these, most Western countries also associate democracy with capitalism as the emergence of the former was during the existence of the latter. Democracy’s association with capitalism also includes the various means related to capitalism like the mode of production, social classes, and others.
As such, the implementation of democracy in most Western countries is characterized by liberal social policies, affluence, and free trade (Arat 8). On the other hand, the perception of democracy of most developing countries is usually pattern with the view of the West. However, the application of democracy in the developing countries tends to differ from that of the West especially when it comes to their effects. Most developing countries do not have the same economic and social situations that the West has when they implemented democracy and this affects the outcome of democracy in those countries.
In line with these, some developing countries do not have a strong government that will assure the stability of democracy in their jurisdiction. More than that, the Western idea of democracy has also left a stigma in these developing countries that they have to be dependent upon the West in order to achieve economic prosperity, which greatly hinders democracy to prosper. Being the case, democracy sometimes becomes a means to harm more people especially those that belong in the lower economic and social class (Arat 7-9).
The social and political aspects of a country like the United States and even that of the whole world are also greatly affected by the ideology that people use. In order to understand and interact with these aspects, people use certain beliefs and advocacy and this could be exemplified by feminism and environmentalism. The major tenet of feminism is to advocate for the equality between men and women as well as including equal rights for people that have different sexual orientations. As such, feminists push for this objective in the social arena by revolutionizing the traditional gender roles that people have.
This could be exemplified by the idea that men should work and women should stay at home. They usually advocate change through seminars and activities especially in the grassroots level. Nevertheless, feminists also want to extend gender equality in the political realm by advocating policies that would strengthen their advocacy. In the United States, the efforts of feminists groups could be seen through their lobbying of laws that established equality in the workforce and even when it comes to legalizing same sex marriage in some states.
Furthermore, the international arena is also affected by these groups as the United Nations has also create measures that will protect the right of women and equal rights among people (Ferree and Martin 3-5). The environmentalist perspective has also made substantial contribution in changing the social and political aspects of the United States and the world. Environmentalists’ main objective is to preserve the environment especially in the advent of technological advancement and globalization.
They want to address the problem of environmental depletion that is greatly observable nowadays. They perceived the careless and unwise use of natural resources as a huge threat to the very existence of the people in this world. Being the case, they want to change the social life of people especially when it comes to their wasteful consumption and activities that contribute to environmental degradation. However, environment advocacies are not always easy to push through because there are still some people who would choose economic gains than saving the environment.
Despite this reality, environmentalists have come a long way in making their advocacy heard in the political realm. This could be seen in the green campaigns of major companies and most especially the attention that climate change in getting in the United States and the world. Former U. S. official Al Gore has started campaigns in his country and in other parts of the world about the cause and effects of climate change as well as the way to address it.
Moreover, the United Nations also supports environmentalism through their treaties and this could be seen through the Kyoto Protocol (Sandler and Pezzullo 58-60). Works Cited Arat, Zehra F. Democracy and Human Rights in Developing Countries. Nebraska: iUniverse Inc. , 2003. Ferree, Myra Marx. , and Martin, Patricia Yancey. Feminist Organizations. Philadelphia: Temple University Press, 1995. Sandler, Ronald D. , and Pezzullo, Phaedra C. Environmental Justice and Environmentalism. Massachusetts: MIT, 2007.