Researches on juvenile offenders have consistently emphasized that the family plays a very important part in the incidences of juvenile delinquency (Matherne and Thomas, 2001). These researches have consistently emphasized that one of the biggest contributor on delinquent behavior is the family environment of the child. One of the primary results of these researches has been the parent factor in the delinquent behavior. Parental guidance and increased bonding and interaction with children are perceived to be essential in the reduction of juvenile delinquent behaviors.
In addition to this, intact family structures were also perceived to have a significant impact on the reduction of delinquent behaviors among juveniles (Matherne and Thomas, 2001). These researches show that families have a significant role in terms of reduction of delinquent behaviors. Families must evoke a positive image for the young people. Usually the perpetuation of violence within the family is actually acted out in the social sphere as the child is conditioned that violence is a norm in the family structure.
It is, thus, the goal of the Juvenile Justice System to actually continuously integrate the role of parental guidance in helping the country fight the increasing number of juvenile offenders. Part of the program that some juvenile courts have implemented includes parenting seminars. This is, indeed, recognition of the role of family in the risk of juveniles towards delinquent behaviors (Matherne and Thomas, 2001).
Girls are delinquent than boys because of the differences in the level of development between girls and boys. There is a need to consider that social behaviors of girls are quite different from boys. For example, girls are usually more attached to group belongingness and are more prone to have older friends in school than boys. This pattern of social interaction makes women more prone to be exposed to ‘peer pressures’ that would make them commit delinquent behaviors (Gover et. al. , 2005).
Girls are also said to have faster development and, therefore, have greater propensity to be exposed to risks much earlier than boys (Why girls go delinquent? , 2004). On the same hand, it is also very important to recognize that societal gender bias could also affect the level of female juvenile delinquency. Girls are more exposed to abuse than boys and this could contribute more on the propensity to commit delinquent behavior. Due to these differences, there should be no comparison between male and female juvenile offending.
Even if the society becomes less sensitive to gender and that boys and girls would become equal socially, the patterns of delinquency between boys and girls may not diverge in terms of type and rate. The level of mental, cognitive, and emotional development between girls and boys are still different. This means that while social factors are important predictors of juvenile offending, the cognitive, mental and emotional capacity of boys and girls are quite different and this may account for the difference between the two genders.
The separation of juvenile justice system is recognition that indeed the youth have different circumstances than adults and undergo difficult stages of adolescence filled with peer pressure and confusion about the realities of the world. They need to create a separate legal system that would foster better understanding of the youth. In addition to this, there is also a need to consider that their decisions since as minors they are still based on a lack of judgment and therefore could still be reformed and altered.
The juvenile justice system is premised on the need for the state to protect minors from the perpetuation of criminal activities. Highly based on the findings of psychologists about the development stages of young people, the justice system recognize that they should be treated differently under the law and they must be directed towards more rehabilitative system of justice in order to alter their offending behaviors (The Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act).
There is also the psychoanalytic theory where some people encounter problems during their early development that cause an imbalance in their personality. Some may become psychotics who cannot restrain their impulsive behavior. One type of psychosis is schizophrenia, a condition marked by incoherent thought processes, alack of insight, hallucinations, feelings of persecution and so on. Schizophrenics may suffer delusions and feel persecuted, worthless and alienated.