Death Penalty is the capital punishment executed to convicted criminals by a state for a capital crime or offence. It is, in a way, a preventive measure for an individual to commit a capital offence and justice is done to those who committed it. Through death penalty, one will not pursue in committing the act because of fear that he will be sentenced. One example of a capital crime or offence is when a person kills and rapes another. When the person is convicted for killing and raping another, then, that person should be sentenced to death penalty.
Death penalty is imposed in 38 states in the United States usually with the use of Lethal Injection. It is when a person is being put to sleep till he dies. Other injections contain chemicals that also inflict pain to a person however the person has no capability to show it. That is when a person looks asleep, but, in reality the person is experiencing pain inside. Death penalty is also practiced in some other countries aside from the U. S. In other words, it has been widely used across the globe. There are 2 key purposes where death penalty potentially serves.
One is deterrence and the other is retribution. Retribution is usually identified as justice for the families, friends and relatives of the victims. Deterrence is when I said that death penalty prevents others (or the convicted person) from committing a capital offense. It is one purpose which argument has not been settled yet. Others say it is deterrent while others say it’s not. I. FACTS In 1972, Death penalty was stopped for the reason that it had been arbitrarily applied. Many states re-wrote their laws in order to meet the court’s requirements so as to preserve the death penalty.
The new laws were carefully channeled so that only the worst offenders were to be punished, thus eliminating arbitrary application. In 1976, death penalty resumed. Its execution did not rise quickly. Then in 1990s, it started to rise. Nearly 200 people were executed in a year. It rose continuously. In the millennium, the trend changed. The death penalty started to decline by about 40%. In the 1990s, there have been about 100 executions compared to the recent years, like the year 2004, which had about 59 executions. Apparently, death penalty served its purposes: Retribution and Deterrence.
However, some lawmakers referred death penalty as a contradiction to human dignity, therefore, decided that it is unconstitutional and raising the issue to courts. They capitalize the fact that death penalty is not a fair justice to all. Some journalism students, law firms, etc, found in some cases that a defendant may be wrongfully convicted, thus, there is execution of the innocent. A lot of questions were raised since then which resulted to investigation thus, death penalty is recently on its verge of vanishing. Whatever will happen if death penalty is abolished?
Undeniably, it is very frustrating to hear a serial killer freed because of good behavior. It is as well frustrating to hear that the death penalty was lifted and therefore created a lot of free murderers and serial killers. Like Arthur Shawcross in 1973 who after serving 15 years in jail for the commission of a brutal rape and murder of two children was granted parole in 1988 after death penalty was declared unconstitutional. Thus after 21 months, took 11 more lives before he was caught again. If only, death penalty was imposed, there shouldn’t be any more lives taken.