Murder is the act of killing a person or an individual that is normally associated with malice aforethought. The act itself is universally prohibited and subject to penalties and punishments as evident in the canon law, the common law and codifications in several types of government like the monarchial and the democratic forms. In the case study of Your Town, there is an ultimate objective to untangle the elements of child murder and the associated aspects of social and psychological realities connected to it.
Two sets of possible crime were examined for the case of Your Town: abduction and murder; about 15 miles from Your Town, a Caucasian boy was murdered pointing to a different case ? “possibly” infanticide. Local and national media aggravation has tampered the case as serial murder thereby instigating community unrest and reckless demands of answers from concerned citizens. The crime is examined using social conflict theory, a criminological approach that perceives the “crime” from the conflict and the norms and customs in the community is seen as a result of social, political, and cultural imbalance (?
, Soc 532: Criminology). The murder was set in a community with multimeric ethnic groups but predominantly Caucasian and the first set of victims as part of the minority group, a situation that may point it to infanticide or child murder and the first suspect of the crime is the parent, more specifically the mother. The suspicion is well cemented; from times immemorial, there have been millions of cases where children are murder victims of their mothers.
Also, the case for both towns cannot be possibly be serial murder since there is the absence of stereotyping of victims hence we adopt the opposing theory, the consensus theory. Possible examination of intent are narrowed down to two; first, the existence of socio-economic depression in the unit or family; and second, set of predominant belief and culture for that particular group conveying population control, sexual-selection and/ or religious rites. However, the murder case may actually be an “absence” of intention but rather a consequence of neurological or psychological imbalance.
The victims were subjected to mutilation and torture and the absence of sex-selection possibly suggesting that criminal act may stem from psycho-neurological imbalance labeling the crime as “unintentional murder”, a situation of “diminished responsibility” which may actually saved the murderer in court. The law enforcement should balance the grief of parents of children by pointing it down as part of the normative procedure in investigation. They should not be emotionally entangled with the parents involved or at the most, commiserate with them since this may cloud their judgment.
Also, if the case be that the parent is a suspect, they should treat her or him as a suspect should be treated. However, continuous updates on the aggrieved party should be performed . Children are seen as most possible victims of the crimes since they are physically weak compared to the adults and they have little or no conception of struggle. Current perception of crimes against children varies from different nations across the world depending on their accepted cultural values and socio-economic station.
However, it has been duly noted that over the years there is an increased in the number of sex offenders in children, a situation which may actually be reasoned out as increased reports rather than increase incidents. Concurrently, crimes against children are prevalent in the community and most of this is sexually implicit in character. Sexual offense against children is a multi-faceted and complex and its community effect is almost raucous. In one study on Wisconsin jail recidivism from 1980 to 1996, 746 were reported sexual offenses against children with recidivism rate of 15.
1 % within a span of ten years (2006, Darling). Sexual offenders were once tolerated in the past but currently, there are several laws enacted which ensures proper criminal litigation and prosecution. In most states, sexual crimes against are delimited by establishment of differential amendments and sentences on rape, non-consenting underage sexual intercourse, incest, sexual assault, child prostitution and child pornography. Upon incarceration, there are several community programs which seek to rehabilitate the state of mind of these offenders.
Stalking or harassment is also an established law in most countries which can either be charged with incarceration or heavy penalties. Take for instance, in Canada, a maximum of five-year imprisonment is accorded for the breach of anti-stalking or harassment law. Prevailing perception of sex crimes against children are driven by emotionalism rather than by logical implication. Children victimization is a psychological output of social influences if not mental imbalance from the crime promulgator.
To alleviate conditions for public perception and threat to the children, the legal and the police community should give proper notification for presence of sexual offenders in the area, enhanced sentences and impose sexual predator laws. Criminal offenses committed against children, like normal criminal procedures, involve delicate investigation and consideration and the unlawful act/s usually elicit strong reaction from the crowd, especially from the parents.
Although there are numerous criminal acts and amendments concerning children’s welfare, there should be continuous revision of the said laws so that it will result in a society that caters to children security and development. References Soc 532: Criminology. (? ). Retrieved November 14, 2007 from http://www. edinboro. edu/cwis/soc/FIALA/soc_532_8_Chapter. htm Darling, A. (2006). Child and Sex Offenders: General and Child Recidivism Rates for Offendors on Community Supervision 1980-2002. Retrieved November 14, 2007 from legis. state. wi. us/lc/... /study/2006/RCAC/files/nov15_dochandout. pdf