The answer for the question related to the cause of crime requires the application of scientific methods of research. Getting along the line the talks that emphasizes the fact that criminals are very much a negative output of the same social processes which have been responsible for producing extraordinary doctors and engineers. It’s the moral standards who set up a platform which finally grows into an engineer or a criminal. The development of moral standards has normally been initiated right from the formative years. The development of this is actually a multiple of the behavior of the people around us and the people we like.
They are the icons and are the people whom we admire. And at the same time, we behave in the same way as they behave and are very much eager to have their help and respect. These elderly personalities can be from the family or the neighborhood or the society we live. They are responsible for the thought process and social behavior. Apart from these extra material forces, there are several forces like living condition, income and health that becomes a reason for the behavior of an individual. This reason holds its point if the crime rate in slum areas is looked into.
The poor housing conditions residing large families with parents having a number of law related troubles and hence providing least supervision to their children. Boys and girls living in crowded homes generally have no access to any recreational facilities and most of the time play in the streets and alleys. The streets have been the very ground from where gangs are formed. The gang based approach makes it easy for their members to get into the act of petty thievery or drifting towards worse forms of misconduct. And then at a very early stage the youngsters learn about the evil side of life.
The growth of gangs and their Robin Hood type image makes the youth tough and the gangsters become their heroes. But still the slum factor can not be the only breeding ground of the crime and criminals. It is true that majority of professional and habitual criminals make their beginning in some city slum, the probability of a child from a well to do family becoming a criminal is equally high. Juveniles in the current scenario related to the problem of crime and its prevention forms a very significant part. The same can be said if we see the current lot of criminals residing in the prisons.
In most of the cases it has been found that most of them had begun their criminal careers as youths. These few details are sufficient enough to underscore that any systematic and fruitful attempt of crime reduction and the associated losses that are very much societal will require the care of juveniles and related legal problems. The juveniles require highest priority if any substantial reduction in the crime rate is to be achieved in present as well in future scenario. The requirements of the same can be the understanding the root causes of the crime and its diversity and how the juveniles get involve in these crimes.
The multi-facet strategies begins with the understanding of simple pieces of information that has to be implemented in the neighborhood, communities, schools and other government and non government organizations so that the environment that culminates into the occurrence of crime and creation of a criminal should be evaporated out of the society. The solution should incorporate all sectors of society which has been instrumental in the growth of a child and its thought process. The solution to any juvenile crime must be bipartisan with the scope of efforts should be as broad as it engulfs the whole society.
The basic formula for the implementation of the solution should be like the consideration of the whole society or the nation while maintaining the level if implementation at a very local level. The solution will require more of prevention based approach rather than any state institution based confinement approach. The solution has to be carved out in neighborhood as inmost of the cases the impact of the crime is felt in local area where perpetrators live and the law based procedures like arrests and prosecutions have to be undertaken in the same region.
Since this prevention is not only more detrimental but is also very much cheaper than any treatment to this social menace. This is in accordance with the fact that the how the juveniles are treated. Every single arrest makes a juvenile harder and the possibility of any improvement in his criminal behavior severely reduces. The repeated arrest and prosecution based approach will finally transform the juvenile into an adult criminal. This very much in contrast to the purpose for which law based crime prevention technique has been developed.
The complexities associated with the juveniles and the associated rehabilitation pattern gets worsen every time and the children are much harder to fix and are progressing fast to become criminals. It is very much different than the first sign of deviant or anti-social behavior which had been observed in the child and has been the first instance of criminal approach. This civilized society is requires personal accountability for every actions and decisions. The very future of it i. e.
, the children must be taught at every levels of growth right from the home to schools so that a very mature decision making process would get developed in them. The learning process should be informed of both theory as well as practice. The consequences of a poor decision should be made aware to the child and at the same time, the good decision should be positively rewarded. The introduction as well as implementation of this type of process will require every constituent of the juvenile system which includes every from the simple policeman to the level of judge to learn the new approaches and then strive to make the system to work.
The basic motto of everything from the state, local governments as well as the communities should be the deterrence of first time offenses as well as reduction in recidivism. The private enterprises should be involved at all possible levels with partnership ranging from school based programs with education improvement themes and rehabilitation through the creation of opportunities based on enterprise creation.