Many of us would equate the act of criminality with just that, that a person committed a crime for their own personal needs and wants. Maybe to satisfy something in them, something that they don’t have and lack the mean to legally acquire them. But are there other ways to look at an act of crime? Why is it important to understand the angles by which these people commit the crime in the first place? Perspectives on Crime In most cases, criminality has been viewed as something that transgresses on the rules and standards set down by the society to enforce the desired behaviors that are deemed legal and moral in the society.
In all instances, society will seek some form of retribution from the offender. This act somehow seeks to rectify the damage and harm done to the general peace of the society before the act, to restore to a degree the order that was broken by the act. But how is this act to be viewed in other contexts? From the legal standpoint of crime, if one has been violated or his rights have been infringed upon, then that individual has all the right to seek redress for the act against him (Study World). That mentality has extended to society as a whole seeking retribution for acts done against the whole of the body (Study World).
Like in the case for the imposition of the death penalty or capital punishment, these were meted out in the form of retribution against individuals who were deemed to have violated certain statutes against the community as a whole (Study World). But in recent years, studies and parallel legislative initiatives have been done to better codify the crimes that deserved the ultimate punishment (Study World). In the Marxist view point, the laws that have been enacted to protect the upper class of the society, since they have the power and influence to enact those laws (William Chambliss, Milton Mankoff, Frank Pearce and Lauren Snider, 1997).
In this concept, the laws were promulgated to protect and defend the interests of this upper class, while limiting the interests of the lower classes (Chambliss, Mankoff, Pearce, and Snider, 1997). They agree with another branch of the sociology theory, functionalism (Chambliss, Mankoff, Pearce, and Snider, 1997). To them, socialization is an integral element in the advocacy of order and uniformity in the society (Chambliss, Mankoff, Pearce, and Snider, 1997).