The level of violent crimes and property crimes in Baton Rouge are very high compared to Louisiana’s average rates. Crime and causes of crime are more understood today, thanks to the development of crime theories. These theories basically correlate crimes to the psyche of the offender, explains the causes and situation that motivates the offender. Many psycho criminologists had attributed crimes to personality disorders, psychopaths, sociopaths, and antisocial personalities.
The environment an individual lives in, and the immediate situational requirements of the individual, also play an important role for the individual to take to crime. Based on research and documentation, crime is considered as mainly the resultant of several adverse social, cultural, economic and family situations (CS & CPC, 1996). A person takes to crime basically to satisfy his or her demands at that point of time. These demands may be vary from material requirements like money, expensive items or even sustenance and lust. The demands on a person normally depend on the environment they are brought up.
It has been widely believed that poverty and slum are the breeding ground for criminals. Thus people from slums would take to criminal activities like robbery and murder to make a living and sustain themselves. This does not mean that they would refrain from crime once they get what they need. As needs are always on a recurring basis, they always have their needs to be met. Seeing the easy way of life, they hang on to it, even offering their criminal services for money. Though they may not be in slums anymore now, they graduate to being professional criminals.
Similarly crimes like drunken driving, drug abuse and sexual assaults are more associated with youth because the compulsion to seek them is more among the youth. The urge to seek adventure, try new things and the need for sex are very prominent among the youth. Crimes involving businessmen is more associated with economic and property offenses, forgery etc. Although the methods adopted in execution of their crimes may differ, the intention of all criminals is to get what they seek. The impossibility of getting their requirements legally, drive people to commit crime.
The hesitance or encouragement to commit crime also varies widely. This crime committed for needs satisfaction may be analyzed by determining the needs of the criminal who had committed it. By correlating the crime committed, the risks taken and the gains sought; we can understand how badly the criminal required it. These factors in turn would throw up other details to profile the criminal. Also the reason why people take to crime is significantly different between men and women. Gender also plays an important role in the need and nature of crime committed.
Men and women have differing offence rates and offence patterns, both as offenders and as victims. The capabilities of men and women for crime are different, which is reflected in their crime pattern. It has been widely accepted that deviance in women results from personal psychological conditions like inferiority complex or depression. (Giordano, 1996). Crime committed by women too, is heavily influenced by social circumstances. Although the opportunities that women have to commit crimes are similar to men, societal characteristics and situations force them to stay away from violent crimes.
For instance, burglary and house breaking occur mainly at nights by solitary men. A woman moving around alone at the thick of the night not only attracts attention but also invites danger to herself, thus rendering these crimes as almost impossible by woman. When females are given more freedom, they are more likely to get engaged in criminal activities leading to higher levels of criminalization and arrests, which currently appears to be the trend. Thus socials factors are the main criteria for individuals to take to crime.
When criminal backgrounds are analyzed, the role of such factors would be evident. Childhood violence, lack of parental guidance, child abuse, exposure to violence, substance abuse; all play a significant role in the development of a criminal. Works Cited The Community Safety and Crime Prevention Council. (1996) The root causes of crime. Statement on the root causes of crime approved in 1996. [Electronic Version] Downloaded on 14th October, 2008 from http://www. preventingcrime. net/library/Causes_of_Crime. pdf Giordano J, (1996), Ethnicity and family Therapy; Guilford Press;