Crime and the Media

Crime dominates the media and is a key issue in society for it may contribute to and influence in the audience’s violent behavior which consequently lead to the commission of crime. It is important to discuss a topic as such due to the fact the media is a powerful tool in influencing society and that its influence should be further studied for the benefit of audiences and of society. The relationship between crime and the media is a fascinating and complex story whose origin in the early history of America offers insights into the persistent strain of prejudice which has impacted our nation.

Our failure to address this issue distorts the objectives and aims of the mass media to entertain and inform. Thus the contemporary mass media entities are erroneously linked with criminal behaviors. In studying this phenomenon, studying the history of crime enables youth to understand the complex factors by which the media and those in authority propagate imagery that transforms poor people into criminals. The history of crime is a neglected curriculum in schools and the absence of information about this hinders endeavors to understand the multicultural heritage of our society.

What constitutes crime in American history has always been integral to the conflict over power. In the study conducted by Sarah Eschholz and Jana Bufkin, several studies in the field of psychology and social psychology have found a relationship between children’s media consumption (particularly television and film) and aggression. This relationship is strongest when: (1) children are exposed to the media at a young age, (2) media exposure is high, (3) media content is violent, and (4) when the children are boys.

With the mentioned information, the nature of the violent content shown in popular film should be investigated by the depictions of the influence of the offenders and victims in films. Historical Overview: Another popular target as a cause of the rising crime rate has been the mass media. Many believe that the media have a liberal bent and as applied to issues of criminal justice, are permissive toward violence and deviant behavior and protective of rights. Critics point to the fact that journalists, as well as most of the Hollywood elite, have opinions that are much more to the left, on average, than the rest of society.

Many have argued that this bias is apparent in the reporting of the news. Further, since modern society has become inundated by mass communication, the media can have a great influence in shaping society’s values and norms. Crime is considered a safe topic for politicians and big business, because of the way the media disseminates crime information. The media over represents the prevalence of certain types of violent crime in the United States on a regular basis, while underemphasizing corporate and white-collar crime and harms to the public that results form corporate negligence.

Richard Felson argues that violence springs from watching violence is a popular form of entertainment. A crowd of onlookers enjoys a street fight just as the Romans enjoyed the gladiators. Wrestling is a popular spectator sport not only in the United States, but in many countries in the Middle East. People enjoy combat between animals, e. g, cock fights in Indonesia, bull fights in Spain, and dog fights in rural areas of this country. Violence is frequently depicted in folklore, fairy tales, and other literature. Local news shows provide extensive coverage of violent crimes in order to increase their ratings.

A historical approach to genre analysis offers a way to put prominent events and figures of the day into meaningful perspective. A historical approach can provide insight into the influence of current events on genres. As we found in a cross-generational analysis of responses to crime and the media, public discussion of the media, particularly in relation to children and young people’s access to it, is exactly couched in terms of the potential link between individualized self-actualization and indulgence, disobedience and disrespect.

Current Trends: Technological advances have dramatically increased the availability of violent entertainment. The introduction of television was critical, particularly in making violent entertainment more available to children. More recently, cable systems, videocassette recorders, and video games have increased exposure. Hand-held cameras and video monitors now permit filming of actual crimes in progress. Economic competition for viewers, particularly young viewers, has placed a premium on media depictions of violence.

Not long after the introduction of television in American households, there occurred a dramatic increase in violent crime. Media violence does appeal to certain demographic groups; those most valued by advertisers the most desirable target audience are people age 18 to 49, especially women age 18 to 34. Although these groups spend less money than older adults, advertisers believe they have not established product and brand preferences. Moreover, they watch less television overall, so advertisers are more interested in funding programs they likely to watch.

Young people are the largest market for media violence. Certain scholarly reports capture political and public attention to support the connection between media violence and aggression in society. One analysis that has received perhaps the most publicity connects television and homicide rates. Reports compared western countries’ homicide rates to that of eastern countries. Economic growth, gun ownership, alcoholism, urbanization and age distribution of the population study found that the homicide rates among Whites in many Western nations skyrocketed 15 years after television ownership increased.

Now the viewers are fed a diet of infotainment which may have a strong trend, often described by its critics as the dumbing down of news and current affairs media privileges audience ratings over analysis and debate and results in a flawed process of public accountability, with few forums in which issues can be regularly explored from multiple perspectives. A crime is a subject that is especially limited and constrained by a media agenda on an endless quest for populist, profitable programming.

One of the few strands of documentary film making that has survived the wave of deregulation celebrated by pluralist in the true crime genre where a serious criminal case is re-examined via a predictable formula, starting with a dramatized reconstruction of the crime itself and then a smug-with –hindsight examination of the sometimes bungled, frequently tortuous police investigation, before the dramatic denouement when the culprit is captured and convicted. Future Trends: Violence and crime may also be extended to the Internet as it is a part of the tri-media (television, radio, and internet).

Computer crimes have shown a decrease in the amount of computer incidents over the past ten years. In some cases, the number of reported computer crimes is increasing exponentially and one can only guess at the number of unreported crimes. Your network will never be totally secure, no matter what vendor marketing may try to convince you in an effort to sell its products just the opposite is true; you will periodically experience computer incidents and at some point your network will be the target of a computer crime.

A home network usually does not certain resources or people that will single out the network in the attentions of hackers. A bank network, on the other hand, may be filled with user IDs, passwords, high-profile executives, and money. Keep in mind that the prevalence of wide network scanning by hackers may make you a target simply because you are running a vulnerable service, not because of what valuable assets the network may contain. Denials of service attacks are most different since they are generally not targeted at gaining access to you network or the information on your network.

These attacks on making a service unavailable for normal use, which is typically accomplished by exhausting some resource limitation on the network or within an operating system or application, however some attacks compromise the performance of your network by flooding the network with undesired and often useless network packets and by providing false information about the status of network resources. This type of attack is often the most difficult to prevent, as it requires coordination with your upstream network provider.

It meant to consume your available bandwidth is not stopped there. Given the general modus operandi of network hackers, the system identified as the source of the attack on your system probably belongs to another victim of the hacker. Network Hopping, in which a hacker successively hacks a system and then uses it as a platform for attacking another system, is a common practice. Conclusion: Thus, media theories may benefit by accepting the notion that media work in an all-encompassing system with the power to completely determine public attitudes and experience.

Moreover, the fact that the media itself is a great influence may be looked at as just one factor influencing crimes. Media coverage is another factor that interacts with a host of others to influence social life and in this particular case, trial outcomes. References Escholz, S. anf Bufkin, J. (2001). Crime in the Movies: Investigating the Efficacy of Measures of Both Sex and Gender for Predicting Victimization and Offending in Film. Soclologlcal Forum. Vol 16.

No 4,p. 656. Felson, R. (1996). Mass Media Effects on Violent Behavior. Annual Review of Sociology, Vol. 22. (1996), pp. 103-128. Jewkes, Y. (2004). Media and Crime. Thousand Oaks, CA. SAGE. p. 25 Muraskin, R. (2004). Crime and the Media: New York, NY. Pearson Prentice Hall. P. 42 Fishman, M. and Cavender, G. 9198). Entertaining Crime: Television Reality. Aldine Transaction. p. 7 Muncie, J. and McLaughlin E. (2001). The Problem of Crime. Thousand Oaks, SAGE. p. 68