Lea and Young (1984) suggest that marginal status of the males in the working class society is the reason for the involvement of these people in crime. Expression of discontent that arises to these kinds of people is either denied or accepted by them. In this case, politically or economically, criminal activity results from the social expression of social marginalization. In conclusion of the three main policies of the left realism in accordance to the criminal activity, the combination of the all the factors (sub-culture, relative deprivation and marginalization) there is a very high tendency for a crime to happen.
Thus, when a single factor is only present in an offender or in a criminal, the probability for the crime to occur is lower than when the three policies are combined. One of the main objectives of the left realists is to be realistic about the occurrence of a crime. Indeed, for the left realists believe that all crimes entail a rule and a rule breaker as well as the involvement of victims and offenders. This means that for every crime, a criminal behavior is exhibited by the criminal and the criminal will have his reaction against the crime committed.
The problem with traditional criminology according to the view of the radical criminology is that it is only partial or incomplete. As mentioned earlier, it was considered as partial because when dealing and focusing about a crime, only a part of the process is implemented. It does not completely focus about the crime as a whole. Sometimes, the only focus is concentrated on the victim or the offender or on the reaction of the society about the crime or on the behavior of the crime.
Left realism has the plan to bring together all the features or all the parts of the process about a crime. In this sense, the approach of realism is all about emphasizing fusion or synthesis (DeKeseredy and Schwartz 1996). The most important feature of the left realism is that criminology must be able to have faith in the nature of the crime. Criminology must focus its attention to all the parts of the crime process such as the acknowledgement of the form of crime committed by the criminal and the social context of the crime.
In addition, criminology must also focus in the crime’s path through time as well as the performance of the crime in space (DeKeseredy and Schwartz 1996). It was emphasized by Lea and Young (1984) that the square of crime requires the involvement of the police, the public, the victim, the offender and all other agencies of social control (Lea and Young, 1984). The form of crime has two dyads consisting of the victim and the offender as well as the action and reactions of the crime. The dyads also include crime control.
Therefore, if the dyads were deconstructed, it will give us the four elements of crime. The four elements of crime are the victim, the offender, the formal and informal control and lastly the society (Gottfredson and Hirschi, 1990). The interaction between the four elements of the included in the square of crime does not only provide evidence of the crime rates. Social relationship within the four elements of the square of crime is also considered when analysis of crime rates is being done. Social relationships include the relationship of the police to the public.
This kind of relationship is a determinant of the effectiveness of the police to their responsibilities like policing and solving the crime. Aside from the relationship of the police to the society, the relationship between the victim and the offender or the criminal should also be considered. This relationship is a determinant of the impact of crime. Another relationship that should be considered is the relationship between the criminal of the offender and the State, this relationship is a major factor of recurrence of the crime.
The relationship between the offender and the State is also the cause of the creation of informal society because of the reaction that comes from the person who was a victim of stealing. The reason why criminals embrace committing crimes is because of the reason that police sometimes show illegalities in their investigation of the crime. As a whole, there should also be a relationship between all the elements of the square of crime which are the victim, the offender, the society and the informal controls. This kind of relationship is not the same with all the cases of crime, it is dependent of the crime that is being committed (Lea, 1992).