Demographic characteristics such as population, age distribution, literacy levels, inter-state migration, rural-urban mobility, income distribution etc. are the key indicators for understanding the demographic impact on environment. The shifts in age distribution caused by improved birth control methods have created opportunities for youth centric products ranging from clothes to entertainment to media. The growing number of senior citizens and their livelihood needs have been highlighted and the government is being forced to pay more attention in the form of social security benefits etc.
The spread of consumerism, the rise of the middle class with high disposable income, the flashy lifestyles of people working in software, telecom, media and multinational companies seem to have changed the socio-cultural scenario and this need to be understood deeply. Technology: Technological factors represent major opportunities and threats which must be taken into account while formulating strategies. Technological breakthroughs can dramatically influence the County Governments products, services markets, suppliers, distributors, cornpetitors, customers, manufacturing processes, Human Service Department practices and competitive position.
Technological advancements can open up new markets, change the relative position of an industry and render existing products and services obsolete. Technological changes can reduce or eliminate cost barriers between the US, create shorter production runs. create shortages in technical skills and result in changing values and expectations of customers and employees. Nature: Natural conservation and protection is an issue, which as gained prominence because of deteriorating balance which is threatening the sustainability of life.
Largely, country is also held responsible for such situations as emissions from industries polluting the air, excessive chemical affluents drained out in water making it poisonous and unfit for use, usage of bio non-degradable resources affecting the bio-chain adversely and exposure of employees to hazardous radiations bring their life in danger. All these have been taken very seriously by different stakeholders in the society including the government and legislations and movements are creating pressure for an environment friendly country. It is important for the County Governments to take care of the natural resources as well.