The foundation wall for any type house needs to be high enough so that water will be diverted away from the house by the final grade of the soil around the house. It must also be high enough so that the wood finish and framing of the house will be at least eight inches above the finish grade and thus protected from soil moisture. With a full basement, your foundation walls should be high enough so that you have at least seven feet, four inches of head space in the finished basement. The finished foundation should be waterproofed from the footing to the finish grade line.
The foundation is poured, sleeves are installed in the forms before pouring for such things as the water supply and the sewage outlet, the pipe is placed through the hole and the space between the pipe and the wall is patched. This is the easiest method used to get a tight, waterproof fit. . 7. ) Rough-In Plumbing: (2-4 days) Once the foundation is in and backfilled and tamped and possibly soil treated, the plumber needs to install the sewer line and water pipes that will be under the concrete. 8. ) Flatwork for Basement Floors or Garages: (3 days)
The top of the slab should be at least eight inches above the finish grade. There will be a base for the slab, gravel or crushed stone to form a layer four to six inches in depth. If poly goes down it is just prior to pouring the concrete. Sometimes it is recommended and expansion joints of fiber board are installed around the perimeter Garages are subject to extreme temperature changes and concrete expands and contracts with those changes. The expansion joint permits this expansion without cracking the concrete. 9. ) Framing: (1-5 weeks)
Rain or snow during framing is not desirable but it seldom does much damage beyond an occasional warped piece of lumber. The builder oversees the framing to make sure that the rough in carpenters are working according to the plans. 10. ) Chimneys and Roofing: (2 days – 1 week) Chimneys should be built before the roof is shingled. This will allow placement of sheet metal flashing around the chimney for waterproofing and will also avoid damages to the shingles. A prefab fireplace and flue would also be installed at this time. Roofing follows completion of the chimney. 11. ) Plumbing, HVAC, Electrical, and Rough Ins: (TBA)
All electrical, plumbing, heating, air conditioning, phone pre-wires, stereo, intercom, and security systems should be roughed in at this time or anytime after step 8 is completed. This means only the wiring or plumbing for these items. These are one of many items that will have to be inspected. 12. ) Insulation: (3 days) The insulation has to meet local codes for walls and ceilings. 13. ) Exterior Siding, Trim, Brick: (TBA) This phase of construction is carried on while work progresses inside. Brick chimneys are installed before the siding. Brick should be installed before final exterior trim (boxing) is added.
14. ) Drywall: (2 weeks) Hang and finish 1/2″ sheetrock throughout the entire house, and 1/2″ sheetrock on the garage firewalls and ceiling. Apply desired texture to all ceilings. 15. ) Prime Walls and Paint Ceilings: (2 days) Upon drywall completion, flat latex paint is used to prime the walls. Also ceiling paint will be used on knockdown texture ceilings only. If pre-stained trim work is being used the walls will be painted with touch ups completed later. 16. ) Hardwood Flooring and Underlayment: (3 days-1 week) Hardwood floors need to be installed before cabinets unless otherwise specified by the builder.
17. ) Cabinetry: (TBA) All cabinets will be installed according to builder’s specifications before trim can be completed. 18. ) Interior Trim: (1-2 weeks) Doors, moldings, cabinets, and shelves are installed at this time. Cabinets that have been ordered will be delivered and installed. Any special molding or trim work or paneling should be discussed with the builder in the planning stages. 19. ) Finish Work: (1 day – 1 week) It is time to install countertops, vinyl floors, and ceramic tile. Also, wallpaper if being used. 20. ) Painting: (2-3 weeks) The home is now ready for final painting inside.
At the same time the exterior will probably be painted to save your painter from hopping back and forth from job to job. This will include the trim of your home either painted or stained. 21. ) Trim Fixtures: (1-2 weeks) It’s time for the plumber and electrician to finish their work. This is called trimming out or setting fixtures. Some of the fixtures installed must be wired so the electrician can finish. Also, the heating and air conditioning must be completed before the electrician finishes work. Next, your electrician will install switches, receptacles, light fixtures, and electrical appliances such as the oven and range.
The electrician will also wire the electrical apparatus that has been installed by your plumber and the heating and air conditioning. 22. ) Carpet: (3 days – 1 week) Hardwood floors should be finished before the carpet is installed. The builder will allow at least three days for the hardwood finishing. No other subs should be working in the house while this work is done. 23. ) Gutters: (1 day) Gutters, downspouts and all leave guards are installed and tied into drain tile and drained away from the foundation. 24. ) Driveway: (3 days) The driveway should have a good stone base before paving.
It is best to keep traffic off of it until completely cured and in winter not to let any sitting automobiles so salt will not drip on the new concrete. 25. ) Landscaping: (1-10 days) This is an item that depending on the requirements of your lender, can be put off until after you move in. This situation may arise due to weather. 26. ) Punch list: (1-2 days) Builder will complete a walk though with the client, making note of any repairs or adjustments needed. After the list has been compiled the builder and any applicable subs will make all repairs and adjustments. 27. ) Final Inspection, Surveys, Loan Closing: (1-3 days)
After the completion of the home all final inspections from the inspector for building, electrical, mechanical, and plumbing should be made. Also, the lender will make a final inspection at this time. When all is approved we will coordinate the necessary paperwork and schedule the loan closing. The lender will require a final survey. 28. ) Clean Up: (ongoing) Internal and external clean up will occur during all phases of the building process. *Please Note: The time allocations documented above are only estimations as many factors ( i. e. weather and inspections) may affect the building.