1. Thieves swipe tree bark for thriving herbal market. (2006, August 13). The New York Times. http://www. nytimes. com/2006/08/13/us/13herbal. html 2. The bark of Appalachian elm trees on national forest land is being stolen to be sold to herbal markets. 3. This article is listed 7th in the second column of article titles in the “Nation” section of the NY Times, so its priority is not very high. 4. Half dozen suspects were arrested on suspicion of poaching in the Daniel Boone National Forrest.
5. The perpetrators are portrayed as everyday local people. The article refers to a comment made by David Taylor a Forest Service Botanist, “If you find enough trees, its not going to take long to get a few pounds. It’s a quick buck. ” The article even suggests that the botanical companies are to blame because they are purchasing the bark from locals with full knowledge that most of the elms in the area are on National Forest land, rather than growing them for the purpose of harvesting bark on company land. Dr.
Michael Hirt, the founding director of the Center for Integrative Medicine in Tarzana, CA said in the article, “[elm bark is] not a lifesaving herb that’s worth destroying forests over,” thus implying that the perpetrators do not understand that the ultimate consequence is the destruction of the forest. 6. The victim is the National Forest Service and they are portrayed as being intelligent and current with their monitoring of such crimes by using things such as electronic tracking devices to detect illegal harvesting. 7. The explanation for the crime is explicitly given.
8. No local person or any botanical company that purchases the bark was interviewed. 9. This crime might best be understood according to controlling theories, which seek to explain why people would NOT commit a crime rather than looking at reasons why they would commit a crime. In this case it seems apparent why a person would commit this crime: it is an easy way to make about $150 in less than an hour with little or no immediate consequence or danger. A person who was educated about the forest and who also had a respect or love for his/her region might be less inclined to destroy the forest.
Perhaps involving the botanical industry in the protection of the national forest would also attach a moral validity to these laws as well as to convince the botanical companies to grow private forests of elms and/or discontinue purchasing elm bark from private individuals. Violent Crime 1. LAPD officer wounded with assault rifle. (2006, August 13). The Los Angeles Times. http://www. latimes. com/news/nationworld/nation/wire/sns-ap-officer-shot,1,2571363. story? coll=sns-ap-nation-headlines.
2. Two men in their twenties were pulled over in a stolen vehicle in NE Los Angeles and the car’s passenger opened fire on the two police officers with an AK-47. 3. The article is under national news; it is in the second column of listed article titles so it is not given high priority. 4. The article states that the Honda had been reported stolen and was pulled over when the passenger jumped out and sprayed the car with gunfire and hit the first officer three times: twice through the bulletproof vest, and once through the wrist. The second officer shot the perpetrator in the leg and he dropped his rifle.
The suspect tried to crawl away but was captured moments later. While this was happening the driver of the car escaped on foot but was caught 90 minutes later. 5. The perpetrator is portrayed as ruthless; the article states: “As the second officer stepped out of the car and returned fire, the suspect charged at him but was shot in the leg and dropped his rifle. ” 6. The victims are the officers and the owner of the Honda. The officers are portrayed as heroic. The wounded officer was noted in the article as still on his probationary period because he had been an officer for less than two years. 7. The crime is explicitly given in the story.
8. No points of view are given besides that of the police spokesperson. 9. The article does not give any information about the perpetrator’s race, associations, economic or criminal background. 10. It is difficult to analyze this crime based on a theory with little information about the suspects, however because they are so young it is possibly explained by the subculture theory which reasons that youth who are rejected by the dominant culture and who lack a means to fill their needs within the bounds set by the dominant culture will form a subculture that may fulfill their needs through deviant means.
Such a young person with an AK47 is likely a part of a gang. Public Order Crime 1. D. E. A arrests 130 in heroin bust. (2006, August 15). The New York Times. http://www. nytimes. com/aponline/us/AP-Heroin-Arrests. html? _r=1&oref=slogin 2. 130 people were arrested on August 15th for allegedly trafficking heroin from Mexico and selling it in a home delivery service. 3. The headline emphasizes how big of a sting this is in order to credit the federal government’s efforts. The story is number three in the second column list of U. S. stories.
4. Starting at dawn D. E. A. agents raided homes and arrested those in connection with the trafficking in what they called, “Operation Black Gold Rush. ” The article notes that many suspects are Mexican citizens and that much of the trafficking occurred across the boarder of Arizona on foot or in vehicles. 5. The perpetrators are portrayed as a large tight-nit gang that was ruthless in finding customers for their product—going so low as to offer heroine to recovering drug addicts and handing out phone numbers on the street and ultimately a home delivery service.
6. Because this is a public order crime there is no victim. 7. The crime is implicitly given—the exact crime for each suspect is likely going to be different depending upon that person’s specific involvement. 8. There are no other points of view besides that of the Drug Enforcement Administration. 9. The article is missing exactly where arrests were made—it only says in 15 cities from Charleston, S. C. to Los Angeles. The officials in charge of the operation have their names held back for anonymity.
10. This crime could also be considered through the subculture theory because the suspects are mostly those of a Mexican decent. Also pertinent is the conflict theory which explains that each individual and group plays a specific role in the structure of society. There is competition over resources and an inequality of power and in this case, also an inequality of rights as non-U. S. citizens. Thus, in order to adapt or move up to gain more power and wealth this group stepped outside of the moral boundaries set up by the U. S. government.