“Cloud Computing” is an ever-growing term that is about to hit close to home. The idea of accessing all the world has to offer at any time any place internet available is extremely important resource to the future expansion of personal, educational, and commercial societies. Students will have all the information they need at their fingertips. Look for big bulky server and storage applications to disappear. IT Techs will be free to cater to the needs of employees rather than concentrate on keeping the server running and up to date. Time will tell what will cap the expansion of the cloud, but look for widespread and overwhelming movement in the very near future. The Future of Cloud Computing
The “Technology Age” is now at full force. The market for internet communications is evolving and changing everyday, as new developments are being released. Many companies, universities, and civilians are joining the “cloud” community. The terms “Cloud computing, The Cloud, and Cyberinfrastructure.” have come to describe the usage of wireless technologies to join multiple computers, devices, and software using wireless capabilities and remote servers, known as “clouds”. Cloud computing is a very loose term that many computer users don't realize how common the concept is actually implemented in everyday life.
According to Fitzgerald (2008), “Basically, it means obtaining computing resources--processing, storage, messaging, databases and so on--from someplace outside your own four walls, and paying only for what you use.” Using this concept cloud users are essentially able to take any device and give it infinite access to storage, databases, and software if the user can foot the bill. This service-tailored business is able to give users flexibility, while maintaining cheap operational costs, since its a pay as you use service..
Clouds are growing ever more popular with businesses and individuals do to the security, data, knowledge, software, hardware, and the endless opportunities that cloud computing presents. Dimaria (2013) states, “Gmail, Hotmail, Yahoo mail, Flickr, Twitter, Facebook, Skype, and YouTube are all cloud services,” and have been using the cloud for the last few years. The future expansion of the cloud community is divided up into four major sectors with the first being the public cloud, followed by community and private clouds, as well as a fourth option that is a hybrid of two or more clouds.
Cloud computing is very much like the internet, but with even more opportunities. The Internet allows users to connect to their cloud as well as to access, upload, and download data from any source in the world the internet stores data on that specific devices storage media, unlike the cloud. The Cloud uses the user's device, a network, and internet services linked together in a “Cloud.” These networks connect all those information sources as well as granting access to software and hardware anywhere in the world.
This is unique since the cloud can allow users to back up personal files at any data processing center in the world. Virtually the corresponding between these centers and the user's device is the cloud of information, hardware and software that garnered its name. The first accredited clouds began with email, the data stored in each account was available anywhere in the world where internet was available. Emails access the user's personal account anywhere in the world there is internet, as well as any data linked to the messages.
From email, clouds are now becoming the whole baseline to every day applications. Demand for clouds is expected to continue to grow exponentially as the world continues to evolve in the direction of mobile communications.
According to Dimaria (2013) “Depending on the type of cloud and the services required, they will choose one of four deployment models: public cloud, community cloud, private cloud, or a hybrid cloud.” Those four types are the four basic types of clouds. Each one has its own unique perks and downsides to that type. When choosing which type is right for the user(s), there are many things to consider such as location, users, data, and devices being used, but most importantly, why a cloud was chosen. Typically a sole private user is going to have different needs than a major commerce business.
The first type of clouds is the public cloud. The public cloud allows anybody to access information for minimal cost. The public cloud is great for remote groups to correspond with each other. Security is lesser since anybody can access the data from anywhere in the world, if they have the correct I.D. or can hack the log in.
The community cloud is much like the public cloud but is restricted to a certain group of people. This type is great for large groups or schools, because it enables them to share the same software with every member no matter the device the user chooses. Many businesses use this same cloud to link their different locations to one network. A business may even build a special program for the tasks they face daily that will be available anywhere in their community. Security can be strict with many firewalls and anti-virus software or it can be as simple as an user name and password.
Fitzgerald (2008) claims that Facebook is the most popular community cloud there is. Facebook is considered a community cloud because it allows users to engage with each other while companies can advertise and market games and apps on the website. Community clouds are probably the most popular clouds there but but their pricing varies from cheap to astronomical to build and operate.
Private clouds are not available to civilians because they are very expensive, very secure, and very specified for the user. Dimaria (2013) says that private clouds are for researchers who have grant money to spare in their studies, and the government. Servers for private clouds are located at the same place as the cloud. Very few private clouds exist outside of the field of science, minus the government's vast amounts of information.
The final type is the hybrid, a conglomeration of two or more clouds. It may consist of any combination of the aspects of the three types. Hybrids are unique to the owner, they are usually built by a company's specific IT department in order to increase productivity. These are also very expensive initially, but still cheaper than private cloud. Local companies devoted to certain sectors use this type, such as auto parts stores having a database of parts and what warehouse they stored in.
Each cloud is very economically efficient but include some downsides. After the initial start-up and change over, users are billed on their usage. Clouds allow nearly infinite storage to the users, while still being mobile anywhere there is internet. Since there is a cloud supplier all the updates and maintenance is covered by them, freeing up IT personnel to pursue other expansion opportunities.
The downsides are very uncertain due to the cloud expanding so recently. The most important downside is the security and trust of a third party with all the personal data a company has. Rumors have already began pointing fingers are the NSA, USA, and Europe for hacking into the clouds of citizens around the world. The long-term positive or negative effects haven't been realized yet, other than the cost of transition to the cloud from servers. On the environmental side cloud computing is both good and bad. Cloud computing is environmentally friendly because it will remove many local servers and consolidate all the data, but the giant process plants are very inefficient in operation right now. In 2012 a J.
Eilperin of the Washington Post recalled a statistic, “In 2007, data centers and mobile communications used 623 billion kilowatt hours of electricity; if the industry were a country, it would rank fifth in the world in terms of electricity demand, behind the United States, China, Russia and Japan.” These numbers are making these centers hot topics with many environmentalists. Luckily many major cloud providers are working towards renewable energy sources, and more efficient processors. Many companies are dumping money into out of date and inefficient facilities to renovate them to run cleaner.
Cloud computing is going to continue to grow until the world is operating entirely on the cloud. Economics and energy sources are going to have to be assessed, but at the end of the day security is going to be the key. With rumors and doubt circulating around the Earth of scams and lack of security, there will be much more unrest to come. Clouds offer infinite opportunities and minimal risks after security is taken care of.. Clouds will be an innovation that takes the entire internet by storm. With clouds all around everyday users, how long until the world is full of personal clouds? References
DiMARIA, F. (2013). Cloud Computing on Campus 101. Education Digest, 78(9), 53. Eilperin, J. (2012, Apr 18). 'Cloud' computing's data centers prove heavy on fossil fuels. Washington Post. Retrieved from http://sks.sirs.com Fitzgerald, M. (2008, May 25). Cloud computing: So you don't have to stand still. New York Times (New York, NY). Retrieved from http://sks.sirs.com Gohrig, N. (2013). When to Pick a PRIVATE CLOUD. Computerworld, 47(21), 20.