Civil Rights Act of 1964 Title VII

Introduction

Employers have a right to qualify and disqualify their employees in any style that they want; this was the scene, before 1964. However, issues of racial discrimination and massive unemployment of minority groups along with the segregation and unequal treatment that was given on colored people and women were not only unhealthy for the economy but it also provided a problem on societal relations.

The employers in the past have used their power not only to unequally segregate workers but to discriminate or judge them unlawfully, as well. They hold certain prejudice if the employee has another color, was a woman, was of different religion, and was of different nationality and so fort.  They tend to marginalize their workers with respect to their origin, their colors, their gender or their religious beliefs.

If the employees have not met their standards, they tend not to employ them or give them laborious works which were low-paying jobs and they would make their employees work for more than eight hours a day. These employees can either sacrifice their well-being in this kind of job or don’t accept the job at all, which was hardly an acceptable option, because there were no better available jobs anyway.

History

Prevalent to America on the years of the 1960’s was the prevalent and blatant discrimination with respect to race, color, ethnicity and gender. And as far as the story goes, there have been several bills that were passed in the congress regarding this unequal treatment of American citizens. Accordingly, there are schools and other socio-political institutions, such as hospitals, courts, jails, restaurants and others that segregates man and women, colored and whites, American and ethnic people.

In order to address this problems John F. Kennedy have appealed on the hearts of the American people in his speech on 1963 to create a law or legislate an act that would deal with “the equality that we all want for ourselves”. This idea was first conceived to give aid to African Americans who are abused and highly discriminated during those years. They were seen as poor, with lower education; as slave, with improper breeding and as incompetent, for they lack proper knowledge and literacy.

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 was an act that centers on eliminating various forms of discrimination to provide equality among its people. It provides legislation which concerns the desegregation of schools along with opening several public offices and establishment to other races, female gender, and ethnic groups.

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 Title VII was a specific act that discusses the issues pertaining to equal or giving the same chance or possibility in employment or getting a job. What makes this act highly controversial was its discussion on gender and racial discrimination, which had been the start of women empowerment and racial equality.

As what we have been thought during out formative years, women during the past was not given enough education or equal education like those of men. They are a second class, a lower gender that must follow the rule of man. However, as more and more laws concretize women as a citizen of the state there had also been more and more women who had become more curios and more willing to learn than before. The concept of the subjectivity of women was removed out of question, and humanity was seen as to be comprised of both men and women. (Baldwin 58-59)

The repeated questions on the citizenship of women, of African American’s and of poor whites have reached the concerns of those who have been in power. Although several democrats or those who supports liberalism, are very supportive of the empowerment of women and the elimination of the different forms of discrimination of minorities, still there are many others who deny this people their prerogative in the basis of lack of education especially of being unable to read and write, commonly, this group is composed of republican or the conservatives.

In able to please both parties, which is how the government works during those years, the citensenship was based upon the persons’ capacity to vote. Thus, there was a law in the act that would remove any forms of discrimination and maltreatments that would inevitably continue even after there was a proclamation that such kinds of prejudice were now to be considered as a crime.

Effects and Benefits

The law was primarily created in able to provide a standard of basic equality among the citizens of the state and an equal opportunity for each one to grow and gain their status as a citizen of America.  However, this dream is far from being a reality, since those people who have draft the act was aware and worry enough not to remove the literacy exam that must be taken before the voting process.

This step had presented an improper bias in the eyes of the disadvantage groups. Some of it’s part was dedicated on maintaining the proper order in the working areas by giving the employer, a warning that certain abuses were not to be tolerated and might even led to either ending up in jail or paying a costly penalty. (Baldwin 68)

The law benefits women in general, due to the fact that they have received lower number of sexual abuses and sexual harassments that is present in different societal circles most especially on the work place. It also benefits children of African American origin, who have been able to learn new things and inspired by the new experienced that they have acquire, since their family could now have a greater income due to the effects of the Act.

They begin to understand things on a better light even though they still have a “slave-mentality”, while the white kids remained to express superiority among their peers. This mentality have continued in some places on different states up to this date, however, it can be noted that such jurisdiction had far been less offensive than it was during the pre-1964.

The Commission

This act had later result to the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission, (EEOC), which was responsible for putting a period on the discrimination of Americans to the African –Americans. This commission was responsible for the enforcement of the act in each state. They are also expected to find ways in able to gather information or to “solicit recommendations” from the public domain with regards to the implications and effectiveness of the Act and the Commission itself. The EEOC have been a place or an authority in which complains are welcomed, entertained and assessed with regards to “unlawful employment practices”.

Furthermore, this act had resulted to more employment, higher literacy rate, a greater number of voters, more opportunities for different ethnic groups and to women and an increased on the productivity of the workers upon recognition of their equality. Citizens, especially employee became more secured as an Act was especially formulated to discuss and protect their rights. It recognizes their importance as a labor force that has help to the actualization of production in the American Economy. It also affirmed the right of women to take maternity leave due to maternal conditions experienced during pregnancy. This gives women enough security and financial stability during her pregnancy. (Meyer 110)

Reflection

Although there had been several issues that concern the Act, specifically on the EEOC, most of which are generally held by the Conservatives, who view the commission as a form of government manipulation. According to reports, the commission have been receiving an average of 40, 000 to 50, 000 claims of different employment malpractices, most of which is about sexual harassment. (Loevy 103)

The law had indeed become helpful, not only in the past years, in empowering women and destroying or eliminating the discrimination that have hover around the pre-1964 employment process. But still, the law was seldom being utilized in able to claim for penalties or financial benefits or settlements that people would be granted upon proving being sexually harassed or discriminated. Thus, the government or the EEOC should impose stricter rules or an unbiased system which would also take into account or look after the employer. (Baldwin 62)

Conclusion

The Civil Rights Act of 1964 Title VII had provided our generations the fundamental legislation needed for equal opportunity with regards to the employment process. With the help of this Act, we are secured from unlawful discrimination and power trip of the employers. It presents us our rights that cannot be taken away from us by the state per se.

The commission that was made in able to answer the different problems concerning employment had also been very useful in providing us assistance and protection over the past years. However, these institutions were not exempted to the abuses of some dark minded individual. Thus, it would also be useful, if the employer would also be protected as much as the employees were being taken care of by the commission.

Works Cited:

·        Brown, Michael K. Whitewashing Race: The Myth of a Color-blind Society. Berkeley University of California Press, 2003.

·        Baldwin, David A. The Academic Librarian's Human Resources Handbook: Employer Rights and Responsibilities. Englewood, Colorado: Libraries Unlimited, 1996.

·        Loevy, R.D. The Civil Rights Act of 1964: The Passage of the Law That Ended Racial Segregation. New York Press, 1997.

·        Meyer, Cheryl L. The Wandering Uterus: Politics and the Reproductive Rights of Women. New York: New York University Press, 1997.

·        The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964. January 15, 1997. Retrieved on August 3, 2007. Retrieved from the World Wide Web: http://www.eeoc.gov/policy/vii.html