The Universal Declaration on Human Rights (UDHR) lists the formation of and membership in Trade unions as a basic human right that should be protected under law. The International Labour Organization (ILO) also gives workers the right to organize trade unions and to collectively bargain through them for their common welfare. Industrial action refers to various ways in which workers deliberately reduce their productivity at work or stop working completely for a period as a means of protest or as a way of advocating for political change.
It involves such actions as strikes, go-slows and pickets. These are meant to reduce the output either in protest or as a way of advocating for common goals. These may be organized by trade unions or by internal action such as within an organization. Strikes refer to situations where employees at the work place stop working as a means of protest or as a tool for advocating for a common goal. Go-slows, also known as Go slow strikes, refer to the phenomenon of workers working at deliberately low productivity levels which in turn reduces the output and productivity of the entire organization.
Consultative decision-making is an important element of many successful organizations Statutory Provisions.
1. The Fair Labour Standards Act: It sets up a minimum wage for workers in the U. S. , sets overtime pay rates and protects minors from exploitation and unsafe working conditions. (http://www. dol. gov/esa/whd/flsa/. ) 2. The Civil Rights Act: It protects workers against discrimination of all forms in organizations with more than 15 employees. 3. The National Labour Relations Act (informally known as The Wagner Act):
4. The Labour Management Relations Act (known informally as The Taft-Hartley Act): It lists iniquitous labour application by Unions amending 3 above which only listed unfair practices by employers. References Cihon, Patrick J. and James Castagnera (2001): Employment and Labor Law. Cincinnati, OH: West/Thomson, 4th ed. Compliance Assistance – Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA): Overview: Retrieved on 10th November 2008 from http://www. dol. gov/esa/whd/flsa/. Conaghan, Joanne and Kerry Rittich, eds. (2005) Labour Law, Work, and Family. New York: Oxford University Press.