There has been further discrimination of most of the children who have been in conflict with the law. An example of this is when make efforts to access the labour market or education. Necessary measure should be taken so that such discrimination can be prevented, inter alia through provision of appropriate assistance and support to child offenders (former) as they make efforts to reintegrate themselves in their societies.
On the same issue, public campaigns that emphasize the right to constructive societal roles by these offenders should be conducted (Lahey, 2003, p. 61). There are quite common criminal codes that contain children’s behavioral problems criminalization provisions such like truancy, vagrancy, runaways among others, and these are often the result of socio-economic or psychological problems. Particular concern should be given to street children and girls who often find themselves victimized by this criminalization.
These Status Offenses that are committed by juveniles are not considered offensive if adults commit them. They are only offensive in the case of commission by the children. For equal law treatments for both the adults and children, there have been several recommendations suggesting abolishment of the Status Offences provisions. Some statutes, including the United Nations article 56 for juvenile delinquency prevention, indicate that relevant legislations should be put in place so that further juvenile discrimination can be prevented.
This could be effective if offences regarded as not penalty worth when committed by adults are also considered as not penalty worth offences if committed by the young people. Furthermore, such behaviors as street roaming, runaways or vagrancy should be addressed through child protective measures implementation such as parents as well as caregivers’ support. Additionally, it is important to deal with the root causes of such behaviors if permanent resolution is to be achieved (Nelson, 1998, p. 36). Best interest of the child
The second principle that must be affected is what we commonly call the ‘best interests of the child’. This must be a primary consideration during all decision making processes the juvenile justice administration contexts. There is substantial difference between children and adults in psychological developments as well as physical, education, and emotional orientation. It is these differences that constitute the lesser culpability of juvenile in conflict with the law as compared to the adults’ culpability (Lou, 2005, p. 28).
On the same note, these differences among others provide for the necessity of different children treatment and a separate justice system for them. Children’s best interests’ protection for example means that restorative and rehabilitation objectives should replace the traditional retribution and repression criminal justice objectives while dealing with these child offenders. The most appropriate way through which this can be done is by a concert concerned more with the effective public safety attention.