Characteristics of poverty in the UK

I am writing this reports to highlight the lack of needs to many humans such health care, education etc and especially the essential needs such as water, nutrition, warmth and shelter. Millions and millions of people (children included) face this problem while a lot of the time it all goes unnoticed by the well off, which is completely absurd and to be quite honest I am sure a lot of them do not care. I find it quite horrible how millions of people can die due to something so sinister such as starvation or a painful disease and people must realise this must be stopped.

Poverty can be described as, the individuals, families and groups in the population can be said to be in poverty when they do not have the resources to obtain the types of diet, participate in the activities, and have the living conditions and facilities which are customary, or are at least widely encouraged and approved, in the societies in which they belong. There are however different types of poverties that need to be highlighted.

Some examples are: Relative poverty which is poverty normally associated with the UK and this is when people live in poor accommodations, cannot afford luxuries, and are struggling to make enough money to eat and just live. Although for these people they are fortunate, because in this country there is the welfare state to help people and therefore people would rarely go without somewhere to live or have no food. Another type is absolute poverty and this is the type of poverty in third world countries which includes literally no food, no water, no shelter and no chance of living. Absolute poverty will usually lead to death.

Firstly child poverty is a big problem in poverty as nearly four million children face it. However it did decline due to more parents being given jobs and therefore the children will be less likely to face poverty. The main reason why there are such a high number of children in poverty is because so many lone-parents do not work and generally children with only one parent are usually in income poverty. This is extremely bad because children are the most vulnerable to all kinds of problems and to have so many suffer is dreadful and therefore parents with no jobs and have children should be given priorities with benefits.

Secondly the low pay poverty highlights the inequality and just how bad it is. Five million employees aged around 22 get paid less than ? 6. 50. This is mainly the case with part time workers who get paid very low salary and three quarters of these part time workers are women. This just demeans the thought of inequality because women and men are supposed to be completely equal but still women are usually the employees who get paid the poor wages. However this may be due to the education of the person. A person with a lot more education than one with no education will most often get the better job.

However many 22 yr old women may get pregnant and therefore have to pull out of education at a much higher standard so therefore it is very unfair to allow them to be paid at such a poor amount. So therefore I believe they should be allowed to get a certain amount of benefit etc. Lastly Health is a big factor to poverty because 13% of 25yr olds to retirement age are likely to be a risk of developing a mental illness and therefore will not be able to work. This causes their income to obviously deteriorate and become quite poor and hence a bad lifestyle.

The value of benefits has decreased relative to average income by 20% and this must stop as people with these problems are at risk so much Think tank proposals for alleviating poverty I am the think tank and my aim is to conduct research in a proposal to alleviate poverty. If the minimum wage was raised to ? 7. 00 then obviously this would help the lower class people to earn more money and would mean people with part times jobs who usually get paid very poorly to become paid a lot more and therefore would be very useful.

Also it would mainly affect many of the female workers as a lot more females then males and therefore for many of the single mothers it will mean they will be able to receive more money and have a better lifestyle. This however will not affect pensioners and the unemployed as they are not working and so will not receive any benefits from it and they will most likely still remain in poverty which is not good as they are usually the people in poverty in the first place, but then this may just give the unemployed people the incentive to actually try and go out and find a job.