Granberry v. Greer

PETITIONER: Granberry
RESPONDENT: Greer
LOCATION: Nassau County School Board

DOCKET NO.: 85-6790
DECIDED BY: Rehnquist Court (1986-1987)
LOWER COURT: United States Court of Appeals for the Seventh Circuit

CITATION: 481 US 129 (1987)
ARGUED: Feb 24, 1987
DECIDED: Apr 21, 1987

ADVOCATES:
Howard B. Eisenberg - on behalf of the petitioner, appointed by this Court
Marcia L. Friedl - on behalf of the respondent

Facts of the case

Question

Media for Granberry v. Greer

Audio Transcription for Opinion Announcement - April 21, 1987 in Granberry v. Greer

John Paul Stevens:

The second case involves a question under the habeas corpus statute.

An Illinois prisoner filed a habeas corpus petition in the Federal District Court and the District Court dismissed it on the merits.

In the Court of Appeals, one of the petitioner appealed, the state, for the first time, raised the defense that there had been no exhaustion of state remedies.

The petitioner claimed that defense had been waived since it had not been raised in the District Court but the Court of Appeals thought that it was tantamount to a jurisdictional defense although not strict jurisdictional and thought that had no alternative but to send the case back to the District Court with instructions that it would be dismissed so the petitioner could exhaust the state remedies.

The petitioner has come here, urging that that defense was waived and we take the middle course, we do not hold that the failure to raise the matter was jurisdictional nor do we hold that there is a total waiver of defense by the state's omission.

Rather we hold that this is a factor that the Court of Appeals may take into consideration in deciding whether the administration of justice would be better served by going forward and addressing the merits or by requiring exhaustion in a number of different factors would affect the decisions.

So we send the case back to the Seventh Circuit to reconsider the issue in the light of our opinion.

The opinion is unanimous.