Grady v. North Carolina

PETITIONER: Torrey Dale Grady
RESPONDENT: North Carolina
LOCATION: North Carolina Court of Appeals

DOCKET NO.: 14-593
DECIDED BY: Roberts Court (2010-2016)
LOWER COURT: North Carolina Supreme Court

CITATION: 575 US (2015)
DECIDED: Mar 30, 2015

Facts of the case

Between 1997 and 2006, Torrey Grady was convicted of two sexual offenses. After being released for the second time, a trial court civilly committed Grady to take part in North Carolina’s satellite-based monitoring program for the duration of his life. The program required participants to wear a GPS monitoring bracelet so that authorities can make sure that participants are complying with prescriptive schedule and location requirements. Grady challenged the constitutionality of the program and argued that the constant tracking amounted to an unreasonable search that was prohibited under the Fourth Amendment. Both the trial court and the North Carolina Court of Appeals held that wearing a GPS monitor did not amount to a search.

Question

Does wearing a GPS monitor constitute a search under the Fourth Amendment?