Gilbert v. California Case Brief

Facts of the Case

“In investigating certain robberies in which a robber used a handwritten note demanding that money be handed over to him, police took handwriting exemplars from defendant Jesse James Gilbert, seized photographs during a warrantless search of his apartment, and required him to participate in a police lineup conducted without notice to his counsel 16 days after indictment and after appointment of counsel. At his trial in California state court, the court admitted in evidence: (1) the handwriting exemplars