Garcia v. San Antonio Metro. Transit Authority

PETITIONER: Garcia
RESPONDENT: San Antonio Metro. Transit Authority
LOCATION: San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority

DOCKET NO.: 82-1913
DECIDED BY: Burger Court (1981-1986)
LOWER COURT:

CITATION: 469 US 528 (1985)
REARGUED: Oct 01, 1984
DECIDED: Feb 19, 1985
ARGUED: Mar 19, 1984

ADVOCATES:
Laurence Stephen Gold - Argued the cause for the appellant
Rex E. Lee - Reargued the cause for appellant, Donovan, in No. 82-1951
Theodore B. Olson - Argued the cause for the appellants
William T. Coleman, Jr. - Argued the cause for the appellees

Facts of the case

The San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority (SAMTA), the main provider of transportation in the San Antonio metropolitan area, claimed it was exempt from the minimum-wage and overtime requirements of the Fair Labor Standards Act. SAMTA argued that it was providing a "traditional" governmental function, which exempted it from federal controls according to the doctrine of federalism established in National League of Cities v. Usery (1976). Joe G. Garcia, an employee of SAMTA, brought suit for overtime pay under Fair Labor Standards Act.

Question

Did principles of federalism make the San Antonio Metropolitan Transit Authority immune from the Fair Labor Standards Act?

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